What is Parali? Issues of Parali Burning (Download PDF)


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Through the efforts under the Central Sector Scheme on ‘Promotion of Agricultural Mechanization for In-Situ Management of Crop Residue in the State of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh & NCT of Delhi’ the satellite data indicates that paddy residue burning events have reduced by 29.5 percent, 24.5 percent and 11.0 percent in the States of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and Punjab, respectively when compared with the paddy residue burning events in the year 2017.

Image of burning events in the year 2017

Image of Burning Events in the Year 2017

Image of burning events in the year 2017

  • The Ministry of Power had brought out a policy for biomass utilization for power generation through co-firing in pulverized coal fired boilers in November 2017.

  • As per the policy, all fluidized bed and pulverized coal units (coal based thermal power plants) except those having ball and tube mill, of power generating utilities, public or private, located in India, shall endeavor to use 5 - 10 % blend of biomass pellets made, primarily of agro residue along with coal after assessing the technical feasibility viz. safety aspects etc.

  • In line with the policy Central Electricity Authority (CEA) had issued an advisory to all concerned State Governments, power Plants utilities, power equipment manufacturers and other stakeholders to promote use of biomass pellets.

  • The Ministry of Power in a meeting held on 15.11. 2018 has decided that the States of Haryana and Punjab shall issue bids for all coal based Thermal Power Plants to use minimum 5 percent of biomass pellets and Upto 10 percent to be co-fired with coal.


  • In pursuance to Budget 2018 announcement regarding a special Scheme to support the efforts of the governments of Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and the NCT of Delhi to address air pollution and to subsidize machinery required for in-situ management of crop residue, a new Central Sector Scheme on ‘Promotion of Agricultural Mechanization for In-Situ Management of Crop Residue in the States of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and NCT of Delhi’ for the period from 2018 - 19 to 2019 - 20 has also been launched with the total outgo from the Central funds of Rs. 1151.80 crore ( Rs. 591.65 crore in 2018 - 19 and Rs. 560.15 crore in 2019 - 20).

  • During 2018 - 19, the funds amounting to Rs. 269.38 crores, Rs. 137.84 crores and Rs. 148.60 crores have been released to the Government of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh respectively for distribution of in-situ crop residue management machinery to the farmers on subsidy, establishment of Custom Hiring Centres (CHCs) of in-situ crop residue management machinery and undertaking Information, Education and Communication (IEC) activities for creating awareness among farmers.

What is Parali?

  • The remaining part of parli paddy is called the root of which is rooted in the earth.

  • Farmers cut the upper part of the crop after harvesting the paddy crop because the same thing happens to the rest, which is the part of the rest, which is not of any use for the farmer.

  • The farmers have to evacuate the fields to plant the next crop, so the farmers set fire to the rest of the crop i. e. dry parali.

What is the Problem of Burning the Parala?

  • Farmers of Haryana and Punjab cultivate wheat and paddy on 6 - 6 months. During this time, after harvesting a crop, it is used to clean the fields.

  • Air pollution arises after burning pollen. The pollution level increases in Delhi, especially after the pollution of farmers of Haryana and Punjab.

  • The matter has been reached by the Supreme Court.

  • Where the Supreme Court and the NDGT are issued both the instructions on the burning of Parli, then the farmers are demanding alternatives.

What Do Farmers Say?

  • Farmers are doing this even after the instructions for not burning them. It is clear to them that either they should suggest other options or they continue doing so.

  • In the Jind of Haryana, the Indian Farmer Union has openly challenged the administration and said that the case should be registered by burning the Parali and on the other hand, the Agriculture Department is taking action against those who burn the blaze.

  • Notices have been issued to many farmers in the district Jind. FIR has also been registered on many farmers.

  • Farmers also say that Parli is a very expensive foreign machine which is very expensive and it is very difficult to take it for the common farmer. The government solved the solution.

What Are the NGT Orders

  • The NGT has clearly refused to burn. According to his orders, a fine of Rs. 2500 / - on a 2 to 5 acres land and a fine of over 5,000 acres is a fine of Rs. 5000.

  • NGT is being taken to harm this fine environment.

What is Harm on Health by Wearing Perl

Ozone layer is bursting with carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide gases in the smoke that comes out of the burn, due to which the ultraviolet rays, which can prove fatal to the skin, reach the ground directly. Its smoke causes irritation in the eyes. There is a problem of breathing and lung diseases are also occurring.

- Published/Last Modified on: February 20, 2019

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