What is Red Corridor? Why are Anti-Maoist Strategies Successful in Recent Times? (Download PDF)


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Anti-Maoist strategies are the strategies taken to counter the Maoist and their supporters. The Red Corridor is the region in the eastern, central and the southern parts of India that experience considerable Naxalite–Maoist insurgency. In 2017, red corridor has been reduced to 58 districts across 4 states.

Map of India Naxal Affected Districts 2007

Map of India Naxal Affected Districts 2007

Map of India Naxal Affected Districts 2007

Map of India Naxal activity affected districts 2013

Map of India Naxal Activity Affected Districts 2013

Map of India Naxal activity affected districts 2013

Which States face Maoist Problem at Present?

The Naxalite group mainly consists of the armed cadres of the Communist Party of India (Maoist). These are also areas that suffer from the greatest illiteracy, poverty and overpopulation in modern India

  • Attack by Maoist was reported in the following states in the year 2017.

    • Bihar

    • Chhattisgarh

    • Jharkhand

    • Odisha

  • Attack by Maoists in the recent years is

    • 75 districts across 9 states in 2015

    • 67 districts in 2016

    • 58 districts across 4 states in 2017

    Which Areas Faced the Maoist Attack?

    • Bastar Sukma (around 1200 square km)

    • AOB (Andhra Odisha border) 2000 square km

    • Abujmaad forest area 4500 square km

    Strategies to Counter Maoist?

    • Use of real time intelligence through use of drones

    • Involving coordinated day and night operations by security personnel

    • Targeting the senior Maoists leaders and their informers

    • Installation of mobile phone towers.

    • Construction of roads and setting up of police stations in remote villages.

    • Joint operations by CRPF, IAF, BSF and ITBP and state forces.

    Why Are These Strategies Successful?

    • Due to the use of the drones and real time intelligence, the naxals are not able to move arms, funds and their senior leaders safely from one place to another.

    • The joint operation by all the teams was exceptional.

    • The focus was on leaders and sympathizers, so the group did not have experienced leaders.

    Why Was 2017 Touted as the Best for Security Personnel?

    • 150 cadres of CPI (Maoist) killed.

    • Attack by Maoist reported only in 58 districts.

    When Was the Anti-Maoist Strategy Revamped?

    • The home minister had met the chief ministers of all Maoist-affected states in May last year following the killing of 25 CRPF men in Sukma.

    What Details Does the Policy Document of Maoists 2017 - 2022 Give?

    • 140 of their comrades, including 30 women, were killed by security forces in 2017.

    • 3 state committee member, 7 zonal committee members, 22 area committee members were killed by the security forces.

    Who Are Maoist?

  • The Maoists, also known as Naxals in India, are inspired by the political philosophy of China’s late Chairman Mao Zedong. They say they are fighting for the rights of poor farmers and landless laborers.

  • Political and military guiding ideology of the Communist Party of China till 1977 - 78

  • Emphasized advancement of people’s social and economic life by establishing a classless society through armed revolution- armed revolution to achieve political transformation.

  • Naxalism is actually based on the principles of Maoism to achieve a similar transformation in India.

  • All forms of naxalite organisations have been declared as terrorist organizations under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act of India (1967)

What is the Difference between Maoism and Naxalism?

  • Naxalism originated as rebellion against lack of development and poverty in rural parts of eastern India.

  • ‘Naxal’ derives its name from a village called Naxalbari in the State of West Bengal where the movement had its origin.

  • Naxals are left radical communists who support Maoist political ideology with origin in the split of Communist Party of India (Marxist) in 1967 leading to formation of Communist Party of India (Marxist and Leninist).

  • From West Bengal it spread into less developed areas of rural central and eastern India, such as, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, and Andhra Pradesh through the activities of underground groups like the Communist Party of India (Maoist)

- Published/Last Modified on: January 31, 2018

Political Science

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