What is ‘Social Democracy’ (Download PDF)


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Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu in a National Seminar on ‘Whither India’ at Kozhikode, Kerala said that the country has to ensure ‘social democracy’ along with ‘political democracy’ to bring fruits of democracy to those left out of country’s development story.

Image of Social Democracy

Image of Social Democracy

Image of Social Democracy

  • The Vice President said that everyone must live up to the ideals not only of ancient past but also to the ideas and the framework given to us by the Constitution makers.

What is Social Democracy?

A political movement advocating a gradual and peaceful transition from capitalism to socialism by democratic means

  • Gandhi ji said cleanliness is important than political freedom- cleanliness in a metaphorical manner in addition to the literal manner of maintaining clean surroundings, for example removing untouchability, corruption, communalism, casteism, religious fanatism and mindless terrorism.

  • Our concept of the whole world as one family (Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam), our ability to welcome good ideas from around the world (Aano Bhadrah Kratavo Yantu Vishwathah) and the ability to work together (Saha veeryam Kara va vahai) are philosophical underpinnings of social democracy.

Areas to Focus for Social Democracy

The areas in which India should work are

  • Illiterate population

  • Sizeable section of the population lives below poverty line

  • Hunger and mal-nutrition continue to be widely prevalent.

  • Cleanliness

  • Sanitation

  • Lack of clean drinking water

  • The public healthcare

  • Education systems

  • Atrocities on women, discrimination, intolerance

What is Political Democracy?

  • Government by the people exercised either directly or through elected representatives. A political or social unit that has such a government is said to follow political democracy.

  • India adopted Universal Suffrage from the time of independence and has been electing public representatives through a credible election process.

- Published/Last Modified on: May 3, 2018


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