Who is a D-Voter, What is NRC? (Download PDF)


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Draft National Register of Citizens (NRC), published recently, includes only those able to prove they were in Assam before 1971. It excludes D- voters. Some 2.48 lakh people got D-voter tag during NRC process.

Image of Draft National Register of Citizens (NRC)

Image of Draft National Register of Citizens (NRC)

Image of Draft National Register of Citizens (NRC)


  • Short for ‘dubious’ or ‘doubtful’, this is category of voters disenfranchised by govt. for alleged lack of proper citizenship documents. Some 2.48 lakh people got D-voter tag during NRC process.

  • D-voters are tried by special tribunals under Foreigners’ Act & if they fail to defend their citizenship claim they are marked as declared foreigners & sent to any of 6 detention camps, which are w/I jails for criminals, for deportation.

  • There were 91,206 declared foreigners as on 31st Dec. , 2017.

NRC Being Updated in Assam

  • NRC process will address issue of illegal migrants, specifically from Bangladesh.

  • National Register of Citizens was 1st published in 1951 to record citizens, their houses & holdings.

  • Updating NRC to root out foreigners was demand during Assam Agitation (1979 - 1985).

24th March, 1971 is cut-off date

  • There are several waves of migration to Assam from Bangladesh, but biggest was in March 1971 when Pakistan army crackdown forced many to flee to India.

  • Assam Accord of 1985 that ended 6 year anti-foreigners’ agitation decided upon midnight of 24th March 1971 as cut-off date.

Citizen in Assam

  • Citizenship Act of 1955 was amended after Assam Accord for all Indian-origin people who came from Bangladesh before 1st Jan. , 1966 to be deemed as citizens.

  • Those who came b/w 1st Jan. , 1966 & 25th March, 1971 were eligible for citizenship after registering & living in State for 10 years while those entering after 25th March, 1971, were to be deported.

  • 40 lakh people who were excluded will have to file for claims & objections & submit relevant documents for re-verification.

  • NRC office will issue claim forms from 7th to 30th Aug. , & these applicants would have to submit forms from 30th Aug. to 28th Sept.

  • Documents will be verified & accepted or rejected for final NRC to be published on unspecified date.

  • Cases of those left out of final NRC will be heard in Foreigners’ Tribunals, after which applicants can approach High Court.

- Published/Last Modified on: January 5, 2019

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