World Habitat Day (1st Monday of Oct) and International Day of Non-Violence (2nd Oct) (Download PDF)


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The World Habitat Day and International Day of Non-violence are observed on 2nd October 2017. International Day of Non-violence remembers Mahatma Gandhi on his birth anniversary as not only the leader of Indian independence but also the pioneer of philosophy of non-violence (ahimsa). Habitat Day reflects on state of cities and towns form basic human rights to adequate shelter.

Image of Mahatma Gandhi

Image of Mahatma Gandhi

Image of Mahatma Gandhi

World Habitat Day

  • Aims to remind world of its collective responsibility for habitat of future generations.

  • Theme for 2017 was ‘Housing Policies: Affordable Homes’ focusing on concrete initiatives to ensure adequate and affordable housing to implement New Urban Agenda, and achieve Sustainable Development Goals.

  • The United Nations designated first Monday of October as World Habitat Day in 1985 for promoting sustainable development policies that adequate shelter for all.

New Urban Agenda

  • New Urban Agenda was adopted at UN Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (also known as “Habitat III” conference) held in Quito, Ecuador in October 2016.

  • Sets global vision of sustainable urbanization for next 20 years with 175 commitments for countries to tackle challenges of urbanization.

  • Provides roadmap for cities that serve as engines of prosperity and centers of social and cultural well-being at the same time being environmentally sustainable.

  • The roadmap is designed to help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals and in addressing climate change.

2 October: International Day of Non-violence

The International Day of Non-violence is celebrated on 2nd October on the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi to promote principles of non-violence through education and public awareness.

International Day of Non-Violence (Gandhi Jayanti)

  • Day was instituted by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in June 2007.

  • Reaffirms universal relevance of principle of non-violence, culture of peace, tolerance, understanding and non-violence.

- Published/Last Modified on: November 13, 2017

Important Days

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