World’s Newest Nation: Bougainville and SDG India Index 2019 (Download PDF)

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World’s Newest Nation: Bougainville

  • Largest island of Solomon Islands Archipelago.

  • A huge reserve of minerals especially Copper and Gold.

  • Bougainville violence began in the late 1980s being triggered by conflict over an enormous opencast copper mine at Panguna.

  • The mine was a huge export earner for Papua New Guinea.

  • A civil war was ended between separatists and Papua New Guinea security forces with the signing of a peace agreement between separatists and Papua New Guinea security forces.

Process of Becoming a Country

  • Declare Independence

  • Gain recognition

  • Join the United Nations

SDG India Index 2019

  • Second edition of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index.

  • Released by NITI Aayog.

  • Comprehensively documents the progress made by India’s States and Union Territories towards achieving the 2030 SDG targets.

  • Developed in collaboration with the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI), United Nations in India, and Global Green Growth Institute.

  • The Index is available on an online dashboard.

  • Reflects important gaps related to monitoring SDGs and the need for improving statistical systems at the National/State/UT levels.

  • More robust than the first edition on account of wider coverage of goals, targets, and indicators.

  • A composite score was computed in the range of 0–100 for each State/UT.

  • The Index spans 16 out of 17 SDGs with a qualitative assessment on Goal 17.

  • The states such as Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Goa, and Sikkim moved up from the

  • Performer category to the Front Runner category.

  • Kerala achieved the first rank in the composite Index with a score of 70.

  • Himachal Pradesh (Second Position) -69

  • Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Tamil Nadu ranked at the third position with the score of 67.

Classification criteria

  • Aspirant: 0–49

  • Performer: 50–64

  • Front Runner: 65–99

  • Achiever: 100

- Published/Last Modified on: March 12, 2020

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