Wuhan Summit (Download PDF)


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The first informal summit between Narendra Modi and Xi Jinping was held in Wuhan. Wuhan is known as the sprawling capital of Central China’s Hubei province. This city is a commercial center divided by the Yangtze and Han rivers.

The views were exchanged on the issues of bilateral and global importance, and to elaborate their respective visions and priorities for national development in the context of the current and future international situation.

This is image show in PM Narendra Modi Create china History

This is Image Show in PM Narendra Modi Create China History

This is image show in PM Narendra Modi Create china History

Agenda of the Summit

  • They exchanged the view that peaceful, stable and balanced relations between India and China will be a positive factor for mutual stability.

  • The proper management of the bilateral relationship will be conducive for the development and prosperity of the region.

  • The Closer Development Partnership should be strengthen in a mutually beneficial and sustainable manner, in pursuit of national modernization and greater prosperity for their peoples.

  • They agreed to significantly enhance efforts to build on the convergences through the established mechanisms in order to create the broadest possible platform for the future relationship.

  • All sorts of differences between the two countries should be resolved through peaceful discussion within the context of the overall relationship, bearing in mind the importance of respecting each other’s sensitivities, concerns and aspirations.

  • The importance of maintaining peace and tranquility in all areas of the India-China border region in the larger interest of the overall development of bilateral relations.

  • They issued strategic guidance to their respective militaries to strengthen communication in order to build trust and mutual understanding and enhance predictability and effectiveness in the management of border affairs.

  • The two leaders directed their militaries to earnestly implement various confidence building measures agreed upon between the two sides, including the principle of mutual and equal security, and strengthen existing institutional arrangements and information sharing mechanisms to prevent incidents in border regions

  • The Bilateral trade and investment in a balanced and sustainable manner by taking advantage of complementarities between their two economies along with the ways to promote greater cultural and people-to-people exchanges and agreed to explore establishing new mechanisms in this direction were also discussed.

  • They agreed on their need to strengthen strategic communication through greater consultation on all matters of common interest which would eventually contribute to Regional and Global Stability.

  • India and China, given their vast developmental experiences and national capacities, should join hands to take lead in offering innovative and sustainable solutions to challenges faced by humankind in the 21st century.

  • These include combating diseases, coordinating action for disaster risk reduction and mitigation, addressing climate change and ushering digital empowerment. They agreed to pool together their expertise and resources in these areas and create a global network dedicated to these challenges for the larger benefit of humanity.

Criticism of the Summit & Latest Updates

  • According to China India must sign Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) to gain entry into NSG. China raised the same issue of India denying to sign the NPT at the meeting in Beijing in oresence of the five permanent members of the Security Council (US, Russia, France, Britain and China).

  • Those countries who have signed NPT are the only members of NSG.

  • India is against this NPT because according to this only the nations who have had a nuclear weapon before 1967 should possess or develop the same.

  • China has successfully built the 12 km long road that links Dokalam plateau in Bhutan to its national Highways. This route would help China in faster and easier troop movements towards the Indian Border.

  • The Chinese Army remained in the North Dokalam since India pulled out of Dokalam trying to strengthen its ties with Bhutan.

  • China’s continuous shielding of Pakistani-terrorist Masood Azhar continues to frustrate New Delhi.

  • Recently the first anniversary of the summit was celebrated from April 29 to May 3. Followed by the commemoration of the event – “Colours of India” - a week-long exposition of Indian culture, together with business and tourism-related events.

  • The whole event was organised by the Indian embassy, Beijing, and the Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR), New Delhi, in association with the Hubei provincial government and the Wuhan municipal government and supported by the China Arts Association.

- Published/Last Modified on: July 16, 2019

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