Yojana December 2018: Digital India (Part 2) (Download PDF)


Download PDF of This Page (Size: 275.76 K)

BPO Promotion in Small Towns: To create employment opportunities for local youth & secure balanced regional growth of IT & It Enables Services sector in each state, India BPO Promotion Scheme & North East BPO Promotion Scheme have been launched under Digital India Programme.

Loading video•••

Digital India: Yojana December 2018 (In English)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains Yojana December 2018: Digital India

📝Digital India for Make in India

  • Promotion of Electronics Manufacturing: Phased Manufacturing Programme for mobile phones was launched w/goal of widening & deepening mobile handsets & components manufacturing ecosystem in India.

  • From 2 units in 2014, we now have 127 units manufacturing mobile handsets & components.

  • There are about 35 manufacturing units of LCD/LED TVs & 128 units of LED products in country.

Initiatives in Emerging Technologies

Centres of Excellence (CoE) are being set up in areas of Internet of Things (IoT), Internal Security, Large Area Flexible Electronics, Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), Tactile Graphics for Visually Impaired, Agriculture & Environment, ESDM, Fintech, Language Technology, Automotive Electronics, Virtual Augmented Reality, Medical Tech & Health Informatics, Block Chain, Gaming & Animation, & Biometrics.

Cyber Security

To create an inclusive, safe & secure for sustainable development, Cyber Swachhta Kendra (Botnet Clearing & malware analysis centre) has been set up to provide alerts to users for preventing losses of financial & other data.

Way Forward

Digital India Program is generating pathways to a future powered by technology & achieving a high growth of our Digital Economy to reach a level of trillion Dollars by 2025.

Towards a Digital Future

Approval of SWAN project & early discussions at highest levels of Govt. on contours of a National e-Governance Plan took place in 2003.

Potential of Digital Economy

  • CSC program has expanded to 2,50,000 panchayats & now provides employment to nearly a million people in rural heartland.

  • Indian IT industry had also grown from strength to strength & had become a 150 + billion dollar behemoth that was globally respected & often, envied.

  • Last 5 years have seen one other major development, namely rapid growth of third largest start up eco-system in world w/around 7,500 tech start ups.

📝Digital Services Delivery

  • Global products like IBM Watson already provide a range of medical services across countries including treatment recommendations based on patients’ records.

  • But w/I India, well known products in healthcare such as Practo, Portea, Lybrate, etc.

  • Medicea Technology Solutions is building a tech driven pharmaceutical distribution business w/next generation anti-counterfeit technology using private blockchain.

  • Artoo has built an intelligent lending system specifically designed for Micro Enterprise lending.

  • Dheeyantra has built a product that enables vernacular interactions & engagement w/end customers using AI & NLP.

  • Inform DS Technologies has built Doxper, an AI powered product that enables doctors to instantly digitize prescriptions & Clinical notes using a digital pen & encoded paper.

  • Krishi Hub is a free AI- powered mobile app that enables farmers to make data-driven decisions & support 8 local languages & is currently being used across 17 states.

  • DeepMind mines thru medical records, analyzes digital scans of eye to diagnose eye disease.

Regulating the Digital Revolution

  • As stated in TRAI’s recommendation on “Privacy, Security & Ownership of Data in Telecom Sector”, “Eco-system used for delivery of digital services consists of multiple entities like Telecom Service Providers (TCPs), Personal Devices (Mobile Handsets, Tablets, PC etc. ), M2M (Machine to Machine) Devices, Communication Networks (consisting of Base Trans Receiver Stations, Routers, Switches etc. ), Browsers, Operating Systems, Over The Top (OTT) service providers, Applications etc.

  • It is estimated that global volume of digital data created annually was 4.4 zettabytes in 2013 & this would reach 44 Zettabytes by 2020.

  • Further, it is expected that number of devices connected to IP Networks would be approximately 3 times global population by 2021.


  • Business Challenges:

  • These could be Pacing problem i. e. a slow pace of regulations may become irrelevant very soon while a regulation released early may discourage innovation.

  • Technological Challenges:

  • These are far too many & are dynamic in nature i. e. issues related to Data, Digital Privacy & Security, Data Ownership, AI- based challenges etc.

  • Regulator is not only entrusted w/responsibility to ensure compatibility of new technology w/legacy frameworks but also foster innovation on other.

  • Regulations should be Adaptive:

  • Use of Regulatory Sand-boxes

  • Collaborative Regulations

Aadhaar: Digital Highway to New India

  • USA introduced Social Security Number (SSN) thru an enactment in 1935 for a limited purpose of providing social security benefits during Great Depression.

  • However, in 1942, President Franklin Roosevelt expanded scope thru a historic executive order no. 9397 which mandated all federal agencies to exclusively use SSN in their programs.

  • In 1962, SSN was adopted as official Tax Identification Number (TIN) for income tax purposes.

  • Mandatory use of SSN by State did not go unchallenged in US courts which eventually held mandatory use of SSN to be constitutional.

  • In Doyle vs. Wilson, it was held that “mandatory disclosure of one’s social security number does not so threaten sanctity of individual privacy as to require constitutional protection. “

  • In United Kingdom too, almost every important service requires a National Insurance Number (NIN).

  • It is required from those who want to work, open bank accounts, pay taxes, want to receive child benefits, & even those who want to vote.

  • In India, too, Aadhaar had to undergo several legal challenges.

  • After 6 years of prolonged litigation & 38 days of marathon hearing in Aadhaar case by 5 judges Constitutional Bench of SC of India where 36 petitions along w/lead writ petition (civil) no. 494 of 2012 of Justice (Retd. ) K. S. Puttaswamy & Others vs. Union of India & Others challenging various aspects & issues of Aadhaar & Aadhaar Act were argued & debated; SC delivered its historic & landmark judgment which upheld Aadhaar as constitutional albeit w/some stronger safeguards that would go a long way in accelerating India’s digital journey & strengthening India’s digital narrative to create greater digital trust, parity & confidence among people.

  • Upholding constitutional validity of Aadhaar – world’s largest unique biometric identity project of India that caters to 1/6th of population on this planet, SC has held that architecture of Aadhaar neither creates a surveillance state nor infringes fundamental right to privacy.

  • Apex Court has upheld that mandatory use of Aadhaar in welfare schemes or subsidy or benefits delivery where fund flows from Consolidated Fund of India is well- founded.

  • Aadhaar as empowerment enabler will be, as always, a game changer for poor & for India.

  • 👌Aadhaar is first & biggest public owned world’s largest biometric technology platform which being constitutionally valid, would now not only empower 122 cr. people w/biometric based unique identify but would also provide a nationwide infrastructure to establish voluntarily their identify online anywhere, anytime & enable them to receive their entitlements & exercise their rights.

  • Aadhaar has helped flood victims of Tamil Nadu who were stranded in relief camps to withdraw money from their bank accounts w/o any documents or withdrawal slips being filled just by their Aadhaar & fingerprint thru AePS enabled micro-ATMs.

Secure Digital India

  • Digitization has also to do w/paving way for automation & creation of next generation factories, industries, supply chains, products & services.

  • A 3-pronged approach of, opportunities, capabilities & risks, might help put things in perspective.

  • Industry 4.0 which essentially means cyber physical transformation of manufacturing ushers in a new age of connected things, smart manufacturing, & tailored products & services.

Concerns of Digital Space

  • Cyber space is now fifth domain of warfare.

  • 👌World Economic Forum 2018 Risk report called out Cyber Risk as one of top 3 risks along w/environment disasters.

Changing Paradigm of Cyber Security

  • Indicative list of next generation cyber security strategy elements are as follows, but not limited to

    • Security of Recognition Technologies

    • Extended Perimeter Security w/a focus on supply chain

    • Context Aware Security

    • Shift from Detection to Response

    • Protecting Machines

    • Providing Resiliency to e-Infra

    • Converging Security Disciplines.

  • These elements & many more are expected to be driving force of cyber security landscape in era of “Digital India”.

Addressing Cyber Security Concerns

  • Policy & regulatory response to drive sectors & entities to Cyber Security Preparedness.

  • Coordination & collaboration for collective defence & quick response.

  • Cyber Security Preparedness in India including large enterprise, SMBs & PSUs needs to be stepped up.

Transformation Impact of Digital India

  • 👌Digital India Program was launched by Govt. in 2015 w/aim to develop India into a knowledge economy & a digitally empowered society.

  • Technology has been intrinsic in this transformative evolution by enhancing transparency, inclusion, productivity & efficiency.

  • There have been significant improvements in UN- Online Service Index, where India has scored 0.95 in 2018.

  • There has been a consistent growth in e-participation index too, that has grown to 0.96 in 2018.

  • India has moved up ladder of digital adoption w/multi-fold growth in digital payment transaction.

  • It has risen from 335 cr. transactions in 2014 - 15 to 2070.98 cr. transactions in 2017 - 18 & is growing day by day.

Loading video•••

Digital India: Yojana December 2018 (In Hindi)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains Yojana December 2018: Digital India

👌 implies important for Objective Questions/MCQ

📝 implies important for Subjective Questions

📹 implies covered in Videos or Upcoming Videos

- Published/Last Modified on: December 31, 2018


Monthy-updated, fully-solved, large current affairs-2019 question bank(more than 2000 problems): Quickly cover most-important current-affairs questions with pointwise explanations especially designed for IAS, NTA-NET, Bank-PO and other competetive exams.