Yojana December 2018: Digital India (Part 3) (Download PDF)


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Digital Developing Service: DigiLocker has enabled people to store, share & verify their documents & certificates thru cloud. National Scholarship Portal has become a source of facilitating education.

  • It is a one-stop solution that ensures students to access various services starting from student application, application receipt, processing, sanction & disbursal of various scholarships w/ease.
  • 👌Online Registration System (ORS) & e-Hospital have facilitated Aadhaar based online registration & appointment for patients, reduced tiring queues in hospitals for appointments & enabled health information mgmt. system.

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Digital India: Yojana December 2018 (In English)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains Yojana December 2018: Digital India

Image of The Digital Payment Transactions

Image of The Digital Payment Transactions

Image of The Digital Payment Transactions

👌Jeevan Pramaan, provides ease to pensioners to generate their Digital Life Certificate at home, bank, CSC centre, govt. office etc. , using Aadhaar biometric authentication.

Job Creation

Cyber Swachhta Kendra (Botnet Clearing & malware analysis centre) has been set up to provide alerts to users for preventing losses of financial & other data.

Digital India – At the Heart of Poorna Swaraj

  • “For me only training in Swaraj we need is ability to defend ourselves against whole world & to live our natural life in perfect freedom, even thru it may be full of defects.

  • Good govt. is no substitute for self-govt.

  • Systems are in place to empower every individual to ensure equality & fairness in nutrition, health, education, law & order & right to livelihood via farms, business or MNREGA.

Three Blocks of Digital India

Universal affordable broadband at speeds of 10 - 50 Mbps for each person & home ensures that each of our 1.3 billion citizens is empowered.

Era of Infinite Productivity

World Bank has assessed that India will lose 69 % of its existing jobs.

Singularity Enterprises

  • In parallel, as 160 million micro businesses start thriving, they will solve employment problem at a massive, hyperlocal scale.

  • A hundred & sixty million entrepreneurs coming on to internet will be a planetary event.

  • We will leap from 2 % of global exports to 20 % in a span of 2 - 3 decades.

Electronic Manufacturing: Scope and Future in India

  • Electronics Industry is one of largest & fastest growing industries in world.

  • Over 120 new manufacturing units have been established across country during past 3 - 4 years generating employment for 4.5 lakhs combining both direct & indirect employment.

  • During 2017 - 18 India has overtaken Vietnam to become 2nd largest mobile handset production geography after China W/approx.

  • 225 mn units of handsets being produced during this period.

Technology Areas for Indian Languages

Technology Areas

📝Here are Indian language technology areas & examples tasks in each of them.

  • Localization

    • Availability of Indian language support on all electronic devices

    • Use of standards

  • Creating e-content in Indian languages

    • Creating by original writing

    • Creating thru translation

  • Automatic machine translation

    • English to/from Indian languages (ILs)

    • Among Indian languages

  • Cross languages access to content

    • Cross lingual search (information retrieval) across Indian languages as well as English

    • Speech processing

    • Text-to-speech (TTS) for ILs (e. g. , machine reading out text in a language)

    • Speech-to-text (ASR) for ILs (e. g. , interacting w/computers thru telephone)

  • Optical character recognition

    • Optical character recognition (OCR) for ILs (e. g. , converting scanned images of pages to text)

    • Online handwriting recognition (OHWR) for ILs (e. g. , stylus based input to mobile devices)

Creating e-Content in Indian Languages

It was observed in Germany, not so long ago (around year 2000), that German youth were accessing English language content much more than German language content.

Image of Impact of Audio Digital Library

Image of Impact of Audio Digital Library

Image of Impact of Audio Digital Library

📝Automatic Machine Translation (MT)

  • 👌MT translates a given text in one language to another, instantly.

  • While quality of translation produced varies depending on distance between language pairs, & technology used, it provides instant access to text in another language to user.

  • MT systems for Indian languages are available & produce good quality translation.

  • MT systems are available for about a dozen Indian languages, & need to be developed for all 22 scheduled Indian languages.

Speech Processing

  • 👌There are two parts to this technology:

  • Text-to-speech (TTS)

  • Speech-to-text (ASR) systems

Optical Character Recognition (OCR)

There are two technology areas under this head:

  • Optical character recognition (OCR), &

  • Online hand writing recognition (OHWR)

Digital Library in India – A Paradigm Shift

Concept of Digital Library

Digital Libraries have ability to enhance access to information & knowledge.

Digitization of Libraries – Few Initiatives

  • 📝Digital Library of India (DLI)

    • DLI is a digital collection of freely accessible rare books collected from various libraries in India.

    • DLI project started in early 2000 w/vision to archive all significant literary, artistic & scientific works of mankind.

    • Digital Library of India has currently 550,603 books w/191,677,823 pages (191.657 Million approx. ) in Portable Document Format (PDF).

  • 📝Information & Library Network (INFLIBNET)

    • 👌 INFLIBNET Centre is an autonomous Inter-University Centre of University Grants Commission (UGC) of India.

    • It is a major National Programme initiated by UGC in March 1991 w/its Head Quarters at Gujarat University Campus, Ahmedabad.

    • INFLIBNET is involved in modernizing university libraries in India & connecting them as well as information centres.

  • 📝Shodhganga: A Reservoir of Indian Theses

    • “Shodhganga” is name coined to denote digital repository of Indian Electronic Theses & Dissertations set-up by INFLIBNET Centre.

    • 📝Shodh Gangotri: Indian Research in Progress

    • Shodhgangotri is a new initiative that compliments “ShodhGanga”.

    • While “ShodhGanga” is a repository of full-text theses submitted to universities in India, Shodhgangotri hosts synopsis of research topics submitted to universities in India by research scholars for registering themselves for Ph. D program.

  • 📝National Library & Information Services Infrastructure for Scholarly Content (N-LIST)

    • Project entitled “National Library & Information Services Infrastructure for Scholarly Content”, being jointly executed by UGC-INFONET Digital Library Consortium, INFLIBNET Centre & INDEST-AICTE Consortium, IIT Delhi provides for

      • cross-subscription to e-resources subscribed by two Consortia, i. e. subscription to INDEST-AICTE resources for universities & UGCINFONET resources for technical institutions; &

      • access to selected e-resources to colleges.

      • N-LIST project provides access to e-resources to students, researchers & faculty from colleges & other beneficiary institutions thru server installed at INFLIBNET Centre.

    • 📝e-ShodhSindhu

  • Based on recommendation of an Expert Committee, MHRD has formed e-ShodhSindhu merging three consortia initiatives, namely UGC-INFONET Digital Library Consortium, NLIST & INDEST-AICTE Consortium.

  • e-ShodhSindhu will continue to provide current as well as archival access to more than 15000 crore & peer-reviewed journals & a number of bibliographic, citation & factual databases in different disciplines from a large number of publishers & aggregators to its member institutions including centrally-funded technical institutions, universities & colleges that are covered under 12 (B) & 2 (f) Sections of UGC Art.

  • UGC-INFONET Digital Library Consortium is now merged into e-ShodhSindhu Consortium.

Other Important Notes

PM Launches historic Support & Outreach Initiative for MSME Sector

Access to Credit

  • 2 % interest subvention for all GST registered MSMEs, on fresh or incremental loans.

  • Ease of Doing Business

  • Clusters to be formed of pharma MSMEs, - 70 % cost of establishing these clusters will be borne by Union Govt.

  • Return under 8 labour laws & 10 Union regulations must now be filed only once a year.

India Surges 23 Ranks in Ease of Doing Business W/Port-led Development under Sagarmala

  • As per World Bank report 2019 on Ease of Doing Business, India has taken a huge leap of 23 ranks from 100 in 2017 - 18 to 77 in 2018 - 19 indicating it is continuing its steady shift towards global standards.

  • One of key indices which has contributed immensely toward this growth is ‘Trading across borders’ which shows an impressive improvement from 146 rank last year to 80th rank this year.

Global IT Challenge for Youth W/Disabilities 2018

👌This year 96 youth w/disabilities (visual disability, hearing disability, locomotor disability & intellectual disability/developmental disorder) from 18 countries namely, India, Indonesia, China, Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Mongolia, Cambodia, Laos, Philippines, Korea, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, UK & UAE participated in Challenges.

📝Digital Signature

  • 👌Digital Signature or eSign is an online electronic signature service.

  • It is a part of GOI’s flagship programme- ‘Digital India’ which is aimed at transforming India into a digitally empowered society & knowledge economy.

  • 👌Objective of e sign service is to offer online service to citizens for instant signing of their documents securely in a legally acceptable form.

  • A digital signature takes concept of traditional paper-based signing & turns it into an ‘electronic fingerprint’.

  • This ‘fingerprint’ or coded message, is unique to both document & signer & binds them together.

  • 👌Benefits of e-Sign Service:

  • Secure online service

  • No Physical verification required

  • No need of Hardware tokens

  • Multiple ways to authenticate

  • Privacy is preserved

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Digital India: Yojana December 2018 (In Hindi)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains Yojana December 2018: Digital India

👌 implies important for Objective Questions/MCQ

📝 implies important for Subjective Questions

📹 implies covered in Videos or Upcoming Videos

- Published/Last Modified on: December 31, 2018


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