Yojana December 2019 Urbanisation (Download PDF)

Doorsteptutor material for CLAT is prepared by world's top subject experts: fully solved questions with step-by-step explanation- practice your way to success.

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 119.88 K)

We Shape Our Cities, Thereafter the Cities Shape Us: •”Urbanisation can be prevented from turning ugly not by keeping people away the cities but by taking cities to where people already live. ” This needs a holistic approach of developing urban and rural India in a mutually-symbiotic manner. Building Urban Infrastructure through AMRUT. Urban India: Key challenges & opportunities. As per United Nations world Urbanization Prospects report 2018, around 34 % of India’s population’s lives in cities- an increase of about three percentage points since 2011. By 2031, it is expected to grow by another 6 % and by 2051, more than half of the nation’s population will be living in cities. At present, cities contribute nearly 65 % of country’s GDP, w/is likely to go up to 70 % by 2030 (McKinsey Global Institute, 2010).

  • Access to safe drinking water & scientific treatment of wastewater including septage are essential for the country in order to accomplish Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6.1 and 6.3 in particular).
  • Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) was initiated by Govt. of India to not only address & challenges of water supply & sewerage/septage in cities across country but also to harness the associated opportunities of economic growth.
  • AMRUT, one of the flagship Mission of Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs (MoHUA) was launched by Hon’ble Prime Minister on 25 June, 2015 in 500 cities across the country.
  • It is a centrally sponsored scheme w/a total outlay of Rs. 100000 cr. including Centre Assistance of Rs. 50000 cr. spread over 5 years from 2015 - 2020.

Key Topics

  • Jal Shakti Abhiyan
  • Slums
  • J&K Reorganization
  • Census – Urban Area
  • Blue Polygon Settlements
  • Migrants
  • Mission Indradhanush
  • Ribbon Development
  • Hinterland
  • Stubble Burning
  • Consumer Protection Act, 2019

Coverage of the Scheme

  1. 476 cities/town with a population of one lakh and above as per 2011 Census;
  2. State/UT capitals not covered in (i) above;
  3. Heritage cities classified under Heritage city Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY);
  4. Certain cities on banks of main rivers & from hill States/islands and tourist destinations.

AMRUT: Aligned w/needs of Urbanising India

  • AMRUT lays major emphasis on institutional reforms which aim to improve governance and institutional capacities of ULBs.
  • At State level, State High Powered steering Committee (SHPSC) chaired by Chief Secretary monitors and approves the Mission projects in its entirety. At Central level, Apex Committee chaired by the Secretary, MoHUA, approves State Annual Action Plans (SAAPs) and monitors
AMRUT: Aligned w/ needs of Urbanising India

AMRUT: Aligned w/needs of Urbanising India

AMRUT: Aligned w/needs of Urbanising India

Progress so far

  • Thru. an investment of Rs. 39,011 cr. under AMRUT, 60 Lakh households have been provided new water tap connections till August 2019.
  • So far, 40 lakh sewer connections have been added at household level in cities & additional 105 lakh sewer connections w/b provided under Mission.
  • AMRUT has helped cities in developing green spaces & parks, footpaths. Walkways, skywalks etc, to enhance ease of living & quality of life of citizens.
  • Urban Reforms

Online Building Permission System (OBPS)

  • India’s rank in Ease of Doing Business (EoDB) in construction permits has recorded an unprecedented jump of 158 spots in last 3 years as per latest World Bank Doing Business Report (DBR). India’s rank improved to 27 in DBR 2020 as against 185 in DBR 2017.
  • It has been targeted to get OBPS implemented in all cities/towns across country by 31 March 2020.

Ease of Doing Business in Construction Permits (Global Rank)

Ease of Doing Business in Construction Permits (Global Rank)

Ease of Doing Business in Construction Permits (Global Rank)

Ease of Doing Business in Construction Permits (Global Rank)

Replacement of Street Lights with LED Lights

Replacement of Street Lights with LED Lights

Replacement of Street Lights with LED Lights

  • Replacement of street lights w/LED lights: 65 lakh conventional streetlights have been replaced w/energy efficient LED lights it has led to energy
  • Savings of 139 cr. KWH per annum & reduction in CO2 emission by 11 lakh tonnes per annum.
  • Credit Rating: 400 & 69 AMRUT cities have been credit rated out of total 485 cities where credit rating work had commissioned.
  • Municipal Bonds; Rs. 3.390 cr. Have been raised thru. municipal bonds during 2017 - 19 for urban infrastructure by 8 Mission cities (Ahmadabad, Amravati, Bhopal, Hyderabad, Indore Pune, Surat & Vishakhapatnam)
  • Raising of bonds leads to improved governance, accounting systems, finance, transparency, accountability & delivery of services in ULBs,

Jal Shakti Abhiyan –Urban

  • In order to address national issue of water scarcity, of Jal Shakti (MoJs), Gol. Has undertaken Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA) from 1st July, 2019, driving a campaign on water conservation restoration, recharge, & reuse of wastewater.
  • Campaign h/b under-taken in two phases: Phase I b/w
  • 1st July, 2019 & 15 September, 2019 & Phase 2 b/w 30 September 2019 to 30 November, 2019, for States w/receive retreating monsoon.

a) Rainwater Harvesting (RWH);

b) Reuse of treated wastewater:

c) Rejuvenation of water bodies:

d) Plantation:

  • SDG 6.1 entails access to safe drinking water & 6.3 is “By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping & minimizing release of hazardous chemicals & materials haling proportion of untreated wastewater & sustainability increasing recycling & safe reuse globally. “
  • In case of Amravati, incentive has been given to Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority (APCRDA) as it is discharging functions of ULB there.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 31, 2019


Developed by: