Yojana January 2019 Innovation Part-2 (Download PDF)

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Contributing to a Knowledge Based Revolution Towards this end a strategic national flagship initiative Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) has been set up under auspices of NITI Aayog (National Institution for Transforming India). , AIM’s focus is to create & promote a world class innovation & entrepreneurial ecosystem.

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Innovation: Yojana January 2019 (In English)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains Yojana January 2019: Innovation

Holistic Framework:

  • AIM has adopted a holistic framework to achieve its objectives.
  • At school level there is tremendous need for creation of an innovative, problem solving mindset in students are going to be future of our country.
  • At university & industry levels, there are a growing number of startups thanks to several startup initiatives in country both from private sector as well as from Govt.
  • Finally a cultural shift in attitudes towards entrepreneurship is needs. Incentivization of relevant product innovations w/commercial & social impact thru national challenges are necessary.

About Atal Tinkering Labs:

  • Theoretical classroom based knowledge in various fields of science, physics, chemistry, maths triggers speak of curiosity in a child to acquire more of such knowledge.
  • AIM has already launched implementation of 5441 + Atal Tinkering Labs across 715 districts of country. These span both Govt. & private schools all of which will become operational in FY1819.

Atal Incubators:

  • Atal Incubators initiative is to create world class incubators to support burgeoning number of startups in country.
  • AIM has already launched 101 incubators to date all of which would be operational by end 2019.

Atal Challenges:

  • India is world’s largest democracy w/over a billion people, w/each state having different issues & problems to solve both from economic growth as well as societal needs perspectives.
  • Atal Tinkering Marathon over 35000 + students participated creating 6000 + innovations in five challenges launched nationwide.

Collaboration is the Key:

  • AIM is convinced that none of these initiatives are going to succeed w/o proactive collaboration w/corporates, individual mentors.
  • AIM has launched a Mentors of change – Mentor India Network across country & plans to extend it worldwide.
  • Over 10000 mentors have already registered as mentors of change, many corporates have adopted Atal Tinkering Labs.

Long Term Goals:

  • AIM’s future initiatives include establishment & promotion of small Business Innovation Research & Development on a national.
  • AIM would also collaborate in Science & Technology Entrepreneurial Ecosystem Rejuvenation (AIM STEER).
  • India got left behind in Industrial Revolution that Swept world in last country.
  • That is why Atal Innovation Mission initiatives are so important & need to be embraced by all.

Innovation – Oriented Initiatives in Higher Education

  • University Grants Commission (UGC) & nearly 100 Institutes of National Importance (INIs) which were created thru special acts of Parliament or State Assemblies who directly report either to Central or State Govt. .
  • Chain of IITs & National Institutes of Management (NITs) represent top echelon of technology institutes.

Science – Engineering – Technology:

  • Successful pursuit in science, engineering & technology yields discovery, invention innovation respectively.

MHRD Initiatives on Promotion of Innovation:

  • Higher Education Department of MHRD has launched serval new innovative programs to make higher education more pervasive & effective.

Research & Innovation: Start up India Initiative for HEIs:

  • To promote culture of ‘innovation’ in tune w/declaration of 21st century as century of innovation & our Prime Minister’s desire to dedicate 2010 - 20 as ‘Decade of Innovation’, MHRD has launched MHRD Innovation Cell (MIC) &Atal Ranking of Institutions.

Global Initiative for Academic Network (GIAN):

  • MHRD initiative on creating a new program titled GIAN in Higher Education aims to connect Indian academia w/international talent pool of scientists & entrepreneurs by inviting them to each & participate in research in Indian HEIs.

Scheme for Academic Research & Promotion by Collaboration (SPARC)

  • SPARC is a new logical follow up initiative of MHRD after GIAN for improving research ecosystem of India’s HEI’s by facilitating academic.
  • Under this Scheme, 600 joint research proposals will be funded for 2 years to facilitate strong international research collaboration.

Digital India-e- learning:

  • Main objective of this virtual classroom initiatives is to enable millions youth outside university campus to access best quality teachers & teaching courses.

Research & Innovation:

  • Under this initiative, 20 new Design Innovation Centers (DIC), one Open Design School (ODS) & a National Design Innovation Network (NDIN) are planed to be set up w/interlinks.

Uchhatar Avishkar Yojana:

  • UAY promotes industry sponsored, outcome – oriented research projects w/an outlay of Rs. 475.00 Cr. for a period of 2 years beginning 2016 - 17.
  • Project cost is met to extent of 50 per cent by MHRD & 25 per cent each by industry & host Institute.

Innovation in HEIs - IMPRINT:

  • GoI, in order to promote culture of innovation in India, particularly in technology institutions like IITs, NITs & all other HEIs, recently formulated a new & unique scheme called Impacting Research Innovation & Technology (IMPRINT).
  • IMPRINT launched on November 5,2015 - thru an inclusive & sustainable mode of translational research.

IMPRINT:

  • IMPRINT is different from usual research initiatives because
  1. It is meant not only for creation but for translation of knowledge into viable technology.
  2. It addresses not just one but all technology challenges faced by nation.
  3. It relies upon a total inclusive model of crows sourcing & involving all concerned stakeholders from Ministry to industry.
  • Initial round of IMPRINT created an unprecedented enthusiasm among researchers in academia.
  • From 2612 initial proposals only 259 were selected & 142 projects are now underway w/an outlay of Rs. 485 Cr. For three years.
  • A new KNOWLEDGE PORTAL has been created in IMPRINT website (http://imprint-india.org/knowledge-portal) to display recent exploits & Progress, significant results & possible breakthrough achieved.

Imprint II:

  • Encouraged by success of IMPRINT I, a newer version called IMPRINT II, was planned in a more inclusive manner.
  • SERB (Science & Engineering Research Board) in Department of Science & Technology (DST) was made model agency for implementing IMPRINT II initiative working along w/National Coordinate.
  • Overall outlay for IMPRINT II is about Rs. 670 Cr. During 2018 - 19 to 2021 - 22 w/50 - 50 budget sharing between MHRD & DST.
  • Core mandate of IMPRINT II has been:
  1. Develop products & viable technologies for addressing identified challenges in different domains
  2. Evolve new technology transfer models for enabling technology diffusion to industry & stakeholders
  3. Facilitate building capability & competence in identified technology thrust areas in various HEIs & universities in order to plug demand-supply gap
  • Final project proposals are available in IMPRINT website (www.IMPRINT-2.in) & (www.imprint-india.org)

Improving Governance in Public Systems

Definition of Innovation: An innovation in public systems can be defined as a process/policy intervention that

  • Improves public service delivery
  • Enhances efficiency of governance structure
  • Improves citizen satisfaction
  • Promoters transparency &accountability
  • Reduces time take for service delivery
  • Reduces cost w/o affecting efficacy& efficiency
  • Leverages use of technology

Types of Innovation:

  • Service Innovation – intend to introduce a new service, product or improvement in quality of an existing service or product. Bharat Interface for Money (BHIM)
  • Service Delivery Innovations create a new or improved way of delivering specific public services
  • Common Service Centers (CSCs) are access points for delivery of essential public utility services
  • Administrative/Organizational Innovations target to change hierarchical structures
  • Electronic National Agriculture Market (e-NAM) is a Pan-India electronic trading portal launched in 2016 completely funded by the Central Govt. & implemented by Small Farmers’ Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC).
Image of National Agriculture Market Reach more Market

Image of National Agriculture Market Reach More Market

Image of National Agriculture Market Reach more Market

  • National Policy on Biofuels (2018) encourages use of biofuels by extending appropriate financial incentives under various categories
  • Systemic Innovation employ new or improved ways of interacting w/citizens & engage them in service design which encourages a participative approach in governance

Promoting innovations in Public Systems

  • Understanding Opportunities & Problems
  1. Begins w/a prompt or trigger including problems, failures & complaints
  2. Attuned to new trends customer demands
  3. Emphasis better understanding of how people live their lives
  4. Find new insights into what people need, to end up w/a Cleary defined problem.

Innovative Practices: High Potential for Adoption/Replication

Ecological Sanitation (ECOSAN)

  • As country has set out on Swachh Bharat Mission, one of major attributes is to end open defecation. ECOSAN an initiative that is one of its kind, offers an economical& simple to use option in contrast to conventional waste transfer methods where the human excreta &body wash water do not go waste.

Use of Plastic Waste in Road Construction

  • One technological approach developed by Prof. Rajagopalan Vasudevan has been found to be very useful in utilizing plastic waste on a large scale.

Urban Greening Activates by Kochi Metro Rail limited

  • Kochi Metro rail Limited (KMRL) is in process of adding greenery to infrastructure being created, thereby contributing to enhanced green cover in & around kochi.

Mother Tongue Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE)

  • MTB –MLE is an approach to address educational challenges faced by indigenous population.

Establishment of Vision Centers

  • Aravind Eye Care System in Madurai (Tamilnadu) has successfully implemented this model covering a total population of over 3 million. This model makes eye care services available for rural population at their doorsteps.

Conclusion

  • CIPS, being a national body established by Govt. of Indian in 2010 as an autonomous of at ASCI, Hyderabad w/a mandate to promote innovations in public systems.

Transforming Public Transport in India

  • An average of 60,000 vehicles are sold every day in India.
  • Metro Rail, one of popular mass transit modes is a form of public transport that operates on exclusive right-of –way & carries a large number of commuters in urban space.
  • Mass transit system is by far most remarkable invention in public transport.
  • The success of earlier MRT Systems such as London Tube & New York Metro paved path for similar systems across world.

Charging Urban Mobility needs

  • When Delhi Metro began its operations in 2002 global MRT sector already had advanced technology in place.

Delhi Metro: Technology Survey

  • The Delhi metro introduced the highly sophisticated communication based train control (CBTC) system which enables headway improvement to about 90 seconds.
  • CBTC system facilitates higher frequently helps transporting more people in busy hours.
  • Installation of automatic screen doors on platforms which help maintain better crowd management. LED screens installed inside train coaches help commuters identify destination easily.

Energy Efficient Techniques

  • According to a study conducted by central road research institute, around 3,90,971 vehicles were taken off roads after metro stared operating in Delhi.
  • This in turn helped reduce around 5,53,203 tonnes of CO2 from environment every year.
  • DMRC is producing around 25 MW of solar power annually &is aiming to raise capacity to 50 Megawatts in future.
  • When Kolkata metro was constructed in 1970s, it caused seven inconvenience to public.

Crating Awareness

  • DMRC used highly engaging theatre arts such as Nukkad Nataks & Pupper shows.
  • On average, 99 % of train trips are recorded on time & redefined punctuality norms to 59 seconds.

Improving Competitiveness in SMEs

  • Small & Medium Enterprise play a highly significant role in India’s developing economy.
  • SMSs are more productive because they are more flexible & can adapt to changes in market.
  • Updation of GOI Science, technology & Innovation Policy 2013, provide a big impetus to build an innovation ecosystem.

Initiatives

  • Enhancing financing & innovative capacity of MSME sector.
  • Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana is another milestone w/a provision of Rs. 3 lakh cr. For sector.
  • Reduction in tax rates to 25 % made by Govt. during last financial year, again, has proved to be a positives step which has paved way for making available additional capital to SME sector.
  • A scheme for promotion of innovation, rural industry & entrepreneurship (ASPIRE) was launched on 16th March 2015.
  • Setting up 100 livelihood & 20 technology related incubators thru provision of Rs. 232 cr. For this purpose in Union Budget estimate 2018 - 19.
  • Prime Minister Employment Generation Program was launched on 15th August 2008. An allocation of Rs. 1800cr. Made under it in current FY budget, will enable setting up of 8800 micro enterprice, thus benefitting approximately 7 lakh people.
  • CGTMSE (Credit Guarantee fund Trust for micro & small enterprises), whole idea behind which has been to provide financial assistance to these industries w/o any third party guarantee/or collateral.
  • The revamped Scheme of Fund for Regenetion of Traditional Industries (SFURTI) launched on 1st August 2014 w/an out lay of Rs. 149.44 cr. For developing 71 clusters (including coir) w coverage of 44500 artisans (approx. ) in first phase.
  • India has succeeded in attaining 57th rank 2018 Global Innovation Index.

Adding more meaning to Money

Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY):

  • Launched on August 28,2014 & improvised on September 5,2018 scheme aims to ensure access to various financial service like availability of basic savings bank account
  • PMJDY was to cover 6 Cr. Uncovered rural households & 1.5 Cr. Uncovered urban households w/at least one Jan- Dhan account.
  • Earlier plan targeted only villages above 2000 population which under PMJDY whole country is to be covered by extending banking facilities in each Sub Service area consisting of 1000 - 1500 households such that facility is available to all within a reasonable distance say about 5 kms.
  • A ” Small account” can be opened on basis of a self her attested photograph & putting his/her signatures or thumb print in presence of officials of bank.

Insurance & Pension Schemes for Social Security:

  1. Scheme for Life Insurance:
  • Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY) is a one year life insurance scheme, renewable from year to year, offering coverage for death due to any reason & is available to people in age group of 18 to 50 years

2. Death & Accident Cover thru non-life insurance scheme:

  • Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY) is aimed at covering uncovered population at highly affordable premium of just Rs. 12 per year i. e. Re 1 a month.

3. Pension Scheme:

  • Atal Pension Yojana (APY) is open to all bank account holders.

Stand-Up India:

  • In order to promote entrepreneurship among Schedule Caste/Schedule Tribe & Women, It is an innovation over existing credit mechanism if various bank

Other Important Notes

📝Nano Mission:

  • Nano Mission is umbrella programme of GoI for overall development in field of Nano technology thru studies, research & innovations.
  • Acknowledging its vast potential, Department of Science & Technology (DST) launched a programme called Nano Science & Technology Initiative (NIST) in 2001.
  • Nano Mission is successor of this programme. Govt. approved Nano Mission in 2007 w/an initial allocation of Rs. 1000/- Cr. .

Objectives of Nano Mission:

  • Basic Research Promotion:
  1. Funding of basic research by individual scientist or groups of scientist.
  • Infrastructure Development for Nano Science & Technology Research:
  1. For optimal use of expensive & sophisticated facilities.
  • Nano Applications & Technology Development Programmes:
  1. Mission proposes to promote application – oriented Research & Development projects, establish Nano Applications & Technology Development Centers, Nano – Technology Business Incubators etc.
  • Human Resource Development:
  1. Mission shall focus on providing effective education & training to researchers & professionals in diversified fields.
  • International Collaborations:
  1. Apart from exploratory visits of scientists, organization of joint workshops & conferences & joint research projects.
  • Establishment of Centers of Excellence:
  1. 11 Units/Core Groups on Nano Science have been sanctioned across the country.
  2. A center of excellence on Computational Materials Science has also been established at JNCASR, Bangalore.
  • International Collaborative Programmes:
  1. Nano Science & Technology has prominently figured in all S & T cooperation agreements entered into in recent times.
  2. Programmes are also on w/Italy, EU & developing w/Taiwan.

DST Activities in Nano Science & Technology so far:

  • Around 130 projects have been supported to individual scientists mainly working on fundamental scientific research so far.
  • Establishment of Centers of Excellence:
  1. 11 Units/Core Groups on Nano Science have been sanctioned across the country.
  2. In addition, a center of excellence on Computational Materials Science has also been established at JNCASR, Bangalore.
  • International Collaborative Programmes:
  1. Nano Science & Technology has prominently figured in all S & T cooperation agreements entered into in recent times.
  2. Programmes are also on w/Italy, EU & developing w/Taiwan.

Inspiring Innovators of Tomorrow:

  • India is taking a lead in realizing that needs are non – negotiable & inclusive innovations by citizens.
  • Institutionalizes thru INSPIRE Awards – MANAK, world’s biggest idea & innovation competition for school children jointly implemented by DST & National Innovation Foundation – India (NIF) & aligned w/action plan for Start – up India.
  • Mentoring support is incubation such that they acquire status of start – ups & be commercialized.
  • Idea of a Manual Garbage Dumping Cart by Master Sikanto Mandal from Mathura scouted thru this programme.
  • India is perhaps one of few economies in world where ideas of children are really transforming into start – ups which are contributing to GDP & creating several job opportunities.
  • A major differentiator that characterize INSPIRE Awards – MANAK is its unique ability to offer “exposure” to students at an early stage itself which counts a lot few years later in one’s career.
  • INSPIRE Awards – MANAK continue to strengthen our innovation eco – system by empowering & bringing together innovators & entrepreneurs.

- Published/Last Modified on: January 31, 2019

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