Yojana July 2018: Resurgent India (Part - 1) (Download PDF)

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Key Topics included in this Article: PMAY (U) Implementation, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana Rural roads Project.

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Resurgent India: Yojana July 2018 (In English)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains Yojana July 2018: Resurgent India

  • Development of solar parks & Ultra Mega Solar power Projects

  • Green Energy Corridor

  • Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS)

  • National service Scheme (NSS)

  • Invigorating India’s villages w/Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission

  • Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs)

  • Ministry of Road Transport & Highways Identifies 300 ongoing National Highways Projects to be completed by March 2019

  • Indian Railways gets new Apps

  • The Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill 2018

  • National highway from Matabari to Sabroom Inaugurated

  • Eliminating Corruption, Institutionalizing Honesty, Enhancing transparency

Forthcoming Issue: Social Empowerment

Affordable Housing: Future of Urban Development

  • By time Nation completes 75 years of Independence, every family will have a pucca house with water connection, toilet facilities, 24 × 7 electricity supply & access.

  • 👌 Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) , or Affordable Housing for All Mission. The Mission was divided into two parts- PMAY (Gramin), which came under ambit Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs’ domain.

Embracing Urbanisation

  • While agriculture continues to employ over 40 % of India’s workforce, its contribution to India’s Gross Value Added has fallen to 16.4%.

  • Contribution of services has significantly increased, and today at 55.2%

  • It is estimated that by 2030, almost 600 million Indians or 40 % of India’s population will live in Indian cities.

  • Elements of Goal 11 of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), titled “Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable”, where incorporated by India

PMAY (U) Implementation

Implementation of PMAY (U) undertaken thru four verticals

  • In-situ slum redevelopment

  • Affordable Housing in partnership (AHP)

  • Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme (CLSS)

  • Beneficiary Led construction (BLC)

Government as catalyst

  • Budget for 2018 - 19 institutionalized affordable Housing Fund under National Housing Bank, to boost financing in sector.

  • Section 80-IBA of the Income tax now provides for 100 % deduction of profits for Affordable Housing Projects, to encourage private participation in mission.

Regulatory Framework

To put end to this culture of impunity, government enacted Real Estate (Regulation & Deregulation) Act 2016, or REPA. REPA institutionalized in country for first time in 70 years, a regulator for real estate sector.

Conclusion

  • Estimates suggest, for India to meet its urban demand, the country will have build 700 to 900 million square meters of residential & commercial space every year, till 2030.

  • 500 cities under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation & Urban Transformation (AMRUT), which will further universal water supply coverage & improved sewage networks, will further improve quality of life of those living in affordable homes.

Universal Village Electrification in 1000 Days: The Journey

  • PM on 15th August 2015 announced that remaining 18500 odd un-electrified villages would be electrified within the next 1000 days.

  • 100 % village electrification was made first step to move towards universal access.

  • Integrated scheme of power distribution in rural areas was conceptualized & launched by GoI for rural areas namely: ‘Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana’ (DDUGJY).

📝 Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY)

Scheme Envisages:

  1. Electrification of un-electrified villages

  2. Intensive electrification of already electrified villages to provide access to households

  3. Strengthening & augmentation of sub-transmission & distribution infrastructure to improve quality & reliability of power supply

  4. Feeder separation to provide assured power supply to farmers &

  5. Metering of feeders, distribution transformers & consumers to facilitate energy audit & reduction of losses.

Planning & strategy

  • Proper identification of villages w/Census 2011 code

  • Solar PV based off-grid solutions for remote/inaccessible villages

  • Standard Bidding Documents

  • Innovative Financing

  • Flexibility to states for execution of works

  • Handholding States/Discoms

  • Milestone based monitoring

  • Transparency & accountability:

  • SAUBHAGYA ensuring every household is electrified, targeting 4 crore un-electrified households

  • Electrification of these villages, mobile App “Garv” was Launched.

Regular review & monitoring

  • ‘Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana’- Saubgaya to provide last mile connectivity & service connections to all remaining households in both rural & urban areas to achieve universal household electrification in the country by 31st March 2019.

Government of India & World Bank sign $500 Million Additional Financing for Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana Rural Roads Project 👌

  • This will be done through the following measures:

  • Climate vulnerability assessment

  • Special treatment for flood-affected areas

  • Use of environmentally optimized road designs

  • Innovative bridges & culverts through use of pre-cast units for roads

  • Use of hill cutting material in hill roads

Meeting the Energy Needs of the Future

  • India is on its way to achieving 175 GW target for installed Renewable Energy capacity by 2022.

  • In order to achieve renewable energy target of 175 GW by the year 2022, the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy launched schemes on developments of wind- solar hybrid power projects, onshore wind power projects, biomass power & bagasse cogeneration, biomass gasifier for industries, scheme for development of solar parks & ultra-mega solar power projects, grid connected solar PV power plants on canal banks & canal tops & biogas based grid power generation program.

  • Among all, the National Solar Mission most ambitious program which aims to promote solar energy for power generation w/aim of making levelized cost of solar energy competent w/coal/gas power generation.

Major Initiatives

Solar Power

  • Capacity of scheme for “Development of Solar parks & Ultra Mega Solar power projects” has been enhanced from 20 GW to 40 GW.

  • Provision of roof top solar photovoltaic system & 10 % mandatory under mission statement & guidelines for development of smart cities.

  • Tariff based competitive bidding process for purchase of solar power.

Wind power

  • In terms of wind power installed capacity, India is globally placed at 4th position after China, USA & Germany.

  • Cabinet has cleared National Offshore Wind Energy Policy.

  • NIWE has signed MoU w/Gujarat & Rajasthan based on wind forecasting experience of Tamil Nadu.

Amendments in Tariff Policy

  • Enhancement in solar renewable purchase obligation to 8 % by March 2022.

  • Bundling of renewable power for ensuring affordable renewable electricity.

  • Waving off inter-state transmission charges for solar & wind power.

Green Energy Corridor

  • Intra-state Transmission System being implemented by eight renewable rich States (Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, HP & MP) w/purpose is to evacuate approx. 20,000 MW of large scale renewable power.

Other Initiatives

  • Formation of International Solar Alliance (ISA) which became legal entity in Dec. 2017.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) up to 100 % is permitted under automatic route for renewable energy generation & distribution projects subject to provisions of the Electricity Act, 2003.

Involving Youth in Community Welfare

  • Youth has been defined in National Youth Policy, 2014 as a person in age group of 15 to 29 years.

  • Word “Youth” has three clear connotations: First, it refers to a particular age group. Second, it indicates group of individuals who are at transitory stage from point of view of education & employment. And last, but not least, it also means group that has special, cultural & psycho-somatic factors affecting their life.

  • Only two of the priority areas will be discussed:

  • Promotion of social values

  • Community engagement

Community Engagement

Department of youth Affairs has two main organizations under it, namely, Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS) & National Service Scheme (NSS) which help organize community engagement of youth, on voluntary basis.

📝 Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS)

  • NYKS, has launched in 1972, is one of largest youth organizations in world. NYKS currently has 8.7 million youth enrolled through over 1.29 lakh youth clubs. NYKS has presence in 623 districts through Nehru Yuva Kendras. Objective is to develop personality & leadership qualities of youth & to engage them in nation-building activities.

  • Training on Youth Leadership & Community Development

  • Youth Convention & Yuva Kriti

  • Yuva Aadarsh Gram Vikas Karyakram: Aims at developing one village in selected Districts as a model village by youth for youth.

  • Tribal Youth Exchange Program (TYPE): Tribal youth drawn from areas, affected by left-wing extremist activities are taken to other parts of country to sensitize them to development activities & to enable them to develop emotional linkage w/people in other parts of country.

  • Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat (Inter State Youth Exchange Program)

  • Other Activities: immunization of children (Operation Indradhanush)

National Service Scheme (NSS) 👌

  • NSS was launched in 1969 with primary objective of developing personality & character of student youth through voluntary community service.

  • Very appropriately, motto of NSS is “Not Me, But You. ” NSS was launched in 1969 in 37 Universities involving about 40,000 volunteers.

Basic Design/Program Structure

  • Each NSS unit adopts village or slum for taking up its activities. Each NSS volunteer is required to put in minimum 120 hours of service per year for two years. i. e. total 240 hours.

Voluntary Engagements

  • Voluntarism contributes in enhancing “emotional quotient” that is instrumental in handling issues facing adolescent’s transition to adulthood.

Girivikas project

  • Realizing role that education/literacy can play in enabling tribal population to mingle w/national mainstreams, Girivikas project was taken up on experimental basis by Nehru Yuva Kendra, Palakkad, Kerala w/support of District Administration.

Namami Gange & Youth

  • Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan has signed MOU w/National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) for creating awareness on abatement of pollution, rejuvenation of National River Ganga on 8th June 2015 7 accordingly is implementing project entitled “Involvement of Youth in Namami Gange Program”.

Sidhi Upliftment Project

  • Sidhi Muslim Community lives in an urban slum Sidhi Basti in Ahmedabad. NSS unit of Saraspur Arts & Commerce Colleges adopted this urban slum which was a garbage dumping zone for more than a decade & life was difficult for them.

Furthering sports & sportsmanship

“khelo India”

  • A mass movement to promote culture of sports & fitness among youth.

  • Annual financial assistance of Rs. 5 lakh per annum for 8 years at various levels.

Ensuring a Roof over the Head

  • Further, urban share of GDP is projected to increase to 75 % in 2031 from an estimated 62 - 63 % in 2009 - 10.

  • According to Ministry of Housing & urban poverty Alleviation (MHUPA), EWS & LIG typically have annual housing income ceilings of INR 100,000 & INR 100,000 - 200,000 respectively.

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Resurgent India: Yojana July 2018 (In Hindi)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains Yojana July 2018: Resurgent India

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- Published/Last Modified on: September 6, 2018

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