Yojana June 2017 Comprehensive Summary / Gist: Empowering Youth (Download PDF)

()

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 233.90 K)

Indian Youth: Emerging Power: Youth Indian population of Age group (15 - 19): 27.5 of the total population. UNESCO: Transition from childhood to adulthood. New initiatives/programs by Govt.

Loading video•••

Yojana June 2017 Summary: Empowering Youth (In English)

Dr. Manishika Jain presents the summary of Yojana June 2017. The highlights include - youth empowerment projects.

Importance:

  • Generating beneficial output and constructive inputs for demographic dividend.
  • Youth as a potential power to help India on the global scale.
  • Youth as active agents of social change.
  • Technology interact within our day to day lives is a positive means of advancement.
  • Digital environment in India empowered the youth to stand up to the world.
  • Youth and technology co-option can be said to be risk taking spirit and rise of start-ups.

National Youth Policy 2014

  • Proposes a holistic vision for the youth of India.
  • Empower youth of country to achieve their full potential, through India find its right place in community of nations.

Current Government Programs:

  • Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan
  • National Service Scheme (NSS)
  • National Program for Youth and Adolescent Development (as per 2011 census – 41 % population is below 20 years)

Ministry Annual Report: 2016 - 17 Suggestions:

  • Building system capacity and quality in education.
  • Targeting youth outreach and awareness – build link across systems, stakeholders in employment and skill development.
  • Meeting customized programmes in entrepreneurship.
  • Improving service delivery in the health sector.

Important Initiatives of the Government:

  • Skill up gradation Training programme (SUTP) (Develop vocational training skill)
  • Promotion of Folk Art, Culture and Yuva Kriti
  • Mahatma Gandhi Yuva Swachhta Abhiyan and Shramdaan Karyakram (cleanliness and conservation)
  • Life skill training for adolescents (Empowerment for adolescents)
  1. Tribal Youth Exchange Program
  2. North-East Youth Exchange Program (Develop an understanding of social economic developments and ethos of culturally diverse lifestyle)

New developments:

  • In Tamil Nadu “An Institute of National Importance” developed in Sriperumbudur
  • Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development established by the virtue of enactment Act-2012
  • Government sanctioned various youth hostels centered across cities located at historically and culturally rich places among city centres and tourist destinations.

Job Creation: Challenges & Way Forward

  • Employment creation needs to be part of macro and other economic policies. 60.3 % population in age 15 - 59 years. 10 million young people added every day to market.
  • Number of job created each year is inadequate in labour market.
  • To address this problem, Indian Government introduced a number of employment generation scheme such as:
  1. PMEGP: Prime Minister Employment Generation Program
  2. SGSY: Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojna
  3. SJSRY: Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana
  4. Make in India and Skill India
  • Different ministries need to include job creation in all their programs and policies.

Recent Government Initiatives:

  • Start-up India and Stand up India: Encourage entrepreneurship providing assistance such as tax benefits.
  • Pradhan Mantri Mundra Yojana (PMMY): Provide access to institutional finance to micro/small business units.
  • Start-up Village Entrepreneurship Program (SVEP): To promote entrepreneurship in rural areas.

Fifth Annual Employment Survey (2015 - 16)

Worker Participation Rate:

Table Contain Shows the Fifth Annual Employment Survey

Table Contain Shows the Fifth Annual Employment Survey

Sector

15 - 17 Years

18 - 29 Years

30 + Years

M

F

P

M

F

P

M

F

P

Rural

11.1

4.3

8.0

63.1

19.1

42.3

89.0

29.8

60.1

Urban

4.0

1.4

2.8

48.6

11.8

30.7

82.6

16.7

50.4

Total

9.3

3.6

6.7

59.3

17.1

39.2

87.1

26.0

57.3

Unemployment Rate:

Table Contain Shows the Unemployment Rate

Table Contain Shows the Unemployment Rate

Sector

15 - 17 Years

18 - 29 Years

30 + Years

M

F

P

M

F

P

M

F

P

Rural

18.4

22.8

19.5

11.2

17.9

12.7

0.9

3.7

1.6

Urban

22.1

21.4

22.0

11.5

27.9

15.1

0.7

5.3

1.5

Total

18.8

22.7

19.8

11.3

20.0

13.2

0.9

4.0

1.6

Industrial Distribution:

Table Contain Shows the Industrial Distribution

Table Contain Shows the Industrial Distribution

Activity

15 - 17 Years

18 - 29 Year

30 Year & Above

R

U

Total

R

U

Total

R

U

Total

Self –employed

40.8

30.9

39.7

40.5

33.3

39.0

51.2

43.4

49.2

Wages/Salaried employee

5.1

18.9

6.5

14.1

37.6

19.0

10.5

33.8

16.5

Contract Worker

3.6

7.7

4.0

4.6

8.4

5.4

2.4

4.9

3.0

Casual Worker

50.6

42.6

49.7

40.8

20.7

36.6

35.9

17.9

31.0

Total

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

Making a Nation of Job Creators

  • Once an enterprise is established, process of industrialization is set in motion.
  • Entrepreneurship create demand for various types of units leads to overall development of an area.
  • Start-ups enhance employment creation in economy.
  • Around 90 % of funding for start-ups, at present comes from foreign venture capital and domestic financiers.
  • Above 94 % of new businesses fail during 1st year of operation.
  • Lack of funding turns to be one of the common reason.

Addressing Funding Challenges: Few Funding Options

  • Pradhan Mantri Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency Limited (MUNDRA): MUNDRA card like a credit card given as a loan. Used to purchase raw material etc. Corpus of Rs. 20,000 crore to extend benefit to 10 lakh SMEs
  • Bootstrapping or self-funding: way of start-up financing.
  • Crowd funding: Taking loan, pre-order from more than 1 person at the same time
  • Angel Investment: Have surplus cash & prefer to take more risk.
  • Venture Capital: Professionally managed fund investing in companies with huge potential
  • Business Incubators & Accelerators: Incubators help/assist nurture business to walk while Accelerator helps to run.
  • Microfinance providers or NBFCs: Access of financial services

Start-Up India’S 19-Point Action Plan:

Table Contain Shows the Start-up Indias 19-Point Action Plan

Table Contain Shows the Start-up Indias 19-Point Action Plan

1. Self–certification compliance

11. Atal Innovation Mission

2. Start-up India Hub

12. Setting up Incubators: 35 incubators & 31 innovation centers

3. Register through online app

13. Set up new research parks

4. Patent Protection

14. Entrepreneurship in Biotechnology

5. Rs. 10,000 crore Fund

15. Dedicated programmes in schools

6. National Credit Guarantee Trust Company: Budget of Rs. 500 crore per year

16. Legal Support

7. No Capital Gains Tax

17. Provided Rebate amount of 80 % of total value on filing patent

8. No Income Tax for Three Years

18. Easy Rules for start-up

9. Building Entrepreneurs

19. Faster Exist

10. Tax exemption for investment of higher value than market price

Youth: A Change Agent

  • Various initiatives and programs can be scaled up and replicated across states to achieve desire objective of making youth the change agent.
  • Rapid economic changes and future job scenario offers both challenges and opportunity to youth to enhance their employability for a better life.
  • Empowering the youth necessitates a glance into youth participation in labour market.
  • Youth and labour market: Labour market indicators provides an important insight into labour market conditions for youth in India.
  1. Labour force participation rates
  2. Workers population ratio
  3. Unemployment rate
  • Initiatives for employability: Making youth employable, National skill Development mission together with new National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship was launched in 2015.
  • Leveraging youth power: Much more needs to be done to leverage the youth power through appropriate skilling for economic development.

Key Elements of Strategy:

  • Mapping aspiration of the youth: Key for sustainable skill development to facilitate access to covered employment opportunities for socio economic inclusion.
  • Mobilization key for scaling: India need to skill 110 million and reskill/up skill 290 million by 2022. Skill Sakhi Model - Maharashtra
  • Addressing diversity: Sectoral, gender and spatial diversity – 93 % informal employment
  • Second chance: Reskilling/up skilling of prior learning, Skill Gap Analysis
  • School to work transition surveys (SWTS): Provide timely and relevant labour market information.

Sagarmala-DDUGKY Convergence

  • Ministry of Shipping and Ministry of Rural Development signed MoU for skills development of youth in coastal areas.
  • MoU is for convergence of Ministry’s Sagarmala project and ministry of rural development’s flagship program Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDUGKY).
  • Coastal communities is key stakeholders in Sagarmala Program.

Funding SC Entrepreneurs

  • Scheme for venture capital fund for SC was launched in 2014 - 15
  • Rs. 236.66 cr loan sectioned to 65 SC entrepreneurs.
  • Above 1.5 lakh people benefited from 2014 - 15 to 2016 - 17 and 48.42 % got wage/self-employment.
  • Above 17 lakh people benefitted from subsidy given for loans.
  • Over 8.12 lakh loans given by corporations of entrepreneurship.

Flag Bearers of Indian Culture

  • Since, time immemorial Indian youths played the role of flag bearers of Indian wisdom, civilization and culture in the world.
  • Swami Vivekananda explained religious tolerance in 1893 – Chicago
  • Median age of international migrants is 39 years
  • 25 million Indian diaspora worldwide (US has 3.2 million Indians)
  • Globalization – Pull factor for immigration
  • Silicon Valley
  • Ox-bridge & London: 2 million British Indian citizens
  • Gulf Countries: 6 million (Kerala received 36.3 % NSDP from Gulf)
  • 2010: 60,000 young trained doctors from India send worldwide
  • By 2025: India to be youngest country in world with median age of 26 years

Brain Gains

  • Merger of PIO & OCI Cards
  • Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas
  • Youth Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas
  • Pravasi Bhartiya Kendra
  • Vajra-Visiting Adjunct Joint Research Faculty
  • Know India Program (familiarize Indian diaspora with Indian land)

Bringing Harmony between Body and Mind

  • What is Health?
  • “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease of infirmity”.
  • What is Yoga? 21st June: International Day of Yoga
  • Yoga is a spiritual discipline bringing perfect harmony between body and mind. Popular practices of yoga include:
Image of Bringing Harmony Between Body and Mind

Image of Bringing Harmony between Body and Mind

Image of Bringing Harmony Between Body and Mind

Yoga is well known worldwide because of its specific role in:

Image of Role of Yoga

Image of Role of Yoga

Image of Role of Yoga

Yoga and Youth: Youth are facing many challenges related to studies or employment.

Yoga develops the personality in all its aspects such as: Physical, mental, social, moral, emotional and spiritual at the same time and covert person into different personality.

Yoga and Research:

  • Yoga has been accepted now as non-invasive mode of treatment in the management of non-communicable decease.
  • Prevented by positive lifestyle modifications in daily life.

Reconnecting with Oneself

  • Youth empowerment is a process where children and young people encouraged to take charge of their lifestyle.
  • Yoga helps one to reconnect with oneself.

Common Problems Faced by Youth Are as Follow:

Image of Common problems faced by youth

Image of Common Problems Faced by Youth

Image of Common problems faced by youth

Yoga for Youth Empowerment: Asana and Pranayama Especially Acts on Physical and Mental Health

  • Yoga for Stress: Yoga brings Autonomic Nervous System into healthy balance.
  • Yoga for Addiction: Yoga is important therapeutic element in treating addiction to integrate the whole person.
  • Yoga for Obesity: Sometimes obese people trouble with joint pain, Yoga help them by improving the body alignment.
  • Yoga for NCD’s: NCD’s includes several conditions that are linked with behaviour and lifestyle related in nature.

Recently Introduced:

“Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) in the Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) of the country was introduced recently. Cause of 20 % global childhood deaths

Distance and Online Entrepreneurship Education in India

“Distance Education is a process to create and provide access to learning when the source of information and the learners are separated by time and distance, or both’”

  • Open and distance learning system (ODL) in India has emerged as a convenient, flexible and viable alternative.
  • Providing educational and employment opportunity.
  • Invest in entrepreneurship education and training using open and distance learning platform.

Enrollments in Distance/Open Learning Educational Programme

Table Contain Shows the Enrollments in distance/open learning educational programme

Table Contain Shows the Enrollments in distance/open learning educational programme

State

Year

Total - Male

Total - Female

Total

All India

2012 - 13

14178978

11582708

25761686

All India

2011 - 12

12179248

9681868

21861116

Growth of Distance and Online Education in India:

  • Aims to universalize education by leveraging the potential of available educational technology with ICT.

Entrepreneurship Education in India:

  • 58 % of Indian adults consider entrepreneurship as career but, only 6.6 % are involved in some kind of entrepreneurial activities.

Distance and Online Entrepreneurship Cources:

  • Management courses are top in terms of enrollments.
  • Entrepreneurship program through distance and online mode:
Image of Distance and online entrepreneurship Cources

Image of Distance and Online Entrepreneurship Cources

Image of Distance and online entrepreneurship Cources

Needs and Opportunities

  • Educating the youth
  • Rising need for trained personnel
  • Spatial and temporal limitations
  • Improved qualification and scope for promotion
  • Education after retirement
  • Micro-entrepreneurship
  • Formalization of the Informal Sector

Blended Approach:

  • Through that online programme is supplemented with two contact sessions (B/w EDII, Ahmedabad & Friedrich Naumann, and Germany)

Road Ahead:

  • Employment oriented
  • Virtual vs. Real
  • Credibility and authenticity

North East Diary

  • Krishi Karman Award 2015 - 16 given to Tripura
  • 5th northeast centre of NIELIT opened in: Radha Kishor nagar near Agartala (State capital of Tripura)
  • Airports authority of India provided an ambulance service for longding District of Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Recent Initiatives in the North-East:
  1. Naga Peace Accord
  2. Promotion of Organic Agriculture
  3. Sikkim becomes first fully organic state in country
  4. Tripura on India’s broad gauge railway map
  5. 6 new agricultural colleges set up in North East
  6. Setting up first national sports University in Manipur
  7. Two new scheme: ‘Ishan Udaya - scholarship’, ‘Ishan Vikas – talented students’
  8. 1st National Sports University – Manipur

Quality Education for Empowering Indian Youth

The vision of ‘transforming India’ can only fulfilled by motto of MHRD- ‘Education for all, Quality Education’

  • Goal of ‘Quality education’ can only be achieved by run way of ‘Education for all’
  • Key to youth empowerment is to educate them and make them employable.
  • Government playing active role to empower youth with best possible policies, reforms, initiatives, schemes, mission.

4 Pillars of Youth’S Empowerment: Education, Skills and Employment, Radical Temperamental Change and Government’S Policies and Initiatives

  • Hurdles of existing education system:
Image of Hurdles of existing education system

Image of Hurdles of Existing Education System

Image of Hurdles of existing education system

  • Quadrat Approach Model (QAM)
Image of Quadrat Approach Model (QAM)

Image of Quadrat Approach Model (QAM)

Image of Quadrat Approach Model (QAM)

  • Expansion of education for youth: Government establishing new institutions like IITs, IIMs, IIITs, IISERs, AIIMS, Central Universities, colleges etc. along with institutional capacity building initiatives.
Image of New Institutions Establish By Government

Image of New Institutions Establish by Government

Image of New Institutions Establish By Government

  • New developments: Recently, RUSA’s own portal and mobile app launched by Ministry of Human Resource Development.

Bringing Youth to the Mainstream

  • Govt. plan to bring adivasis into mainstream and at the same time strictly deal with the violence.
  • Govt. empower the youth of insurgency affected areas so, as to motivate them to contribute to the growth of their area.
  • 3 insurgent areas are as below.

Scheme in CPI (Maoist) Insurgency Affected ‘Red Corridor’:

  • Red Corridor is the region in the eastern, central and the southern parts of India that experience considerable Naxalite–Maoist insurgency.
  • Govt. has launched scores of initiatives in the field of education and skill development for the benefit of youth belonging to LWE region.
  • Ministry of Skill Development is training 160 youth in each of 34 LWE affected district under PMKVY.
  • Skill development in 34 Districts affected by LWE.
  • Police of Jharkhand initiated ‘Taare Zameen Par’ initiative for children of LWE affected region Palamu of the state.
  • Prayas: prepare students for competitive exams (Chhattisgarh)

Scheme Affected by North-East Insurgency

  • Setting up a VC fund worth Rs. 100 cr to start ups.
  • Growth stage of start-ups in the field of IT, ITES, Food processing, Healthcare etc, would get boost due to the fund.
  • Many education reforms introduced through SSA and RUSA.
  • DONER ministry is also offering subsidy incentive in NER.
  • Area of training identified are as follows:
  1. Hospitality, Tourism
  2. Nursing, Para Medics
  3. Wellness and beauty
  4. Retail merchandising

Scheme Affected by Terrorist Organisations and Insurgent Groups of J&K

  • UDAAN: This schemes received overwhelming response and making a considerable impact on ground.
  1. SII for J&K is funded by Ministry of Home Affairs and implemented by NSDC.
  • Sadbhavna: Sadbhavana army runs many programs for youth of J&K.
  1. Army Goodwill Schools
  2. National Integration Tour under Sadbhavana
  3. Vocational training and Women empowerment centres
  4. Kashmir Super 40 initiative for coaching J&K youth for engineering entrance exams
  • Himayat: Runs under Ministry of Rural development of India’s DDUGKY scheme.
  1. Train 1.24 lakh local youth of J&K in job intensive vocational Courses.

GST- the Game Changer

What is GST? All the indirect taxes proposed to be subsumed in a single tax called Goods and Service tax (GST).

  • It will be levied on supply of goods or services or both.
  • Proposed to be dual levy: CGST and SGST

Why GST?

  • Important to understand present Indirect tax structure in India.
  • Central govt levies tax on:
  1. Manufacturer (Central excise duty), Provisions of services (Service tax), Interstate sale of good
  • State govt levies tax on:
  1. Retail sales (VAT), Entry Tax, Luxury Tax, Purchase Tax etc.

Advantages of GST:

  • Helps to create unified common national market
  • Harmonization of laws, procedures and rate of tax
  • Improved environment & mitigate cascading of axes
  • Reduce SGST and IGST rates
  • Common procedures
  • Reduce human interface
  • Boost export and manufacturing activity
  • Helps to reduce poverty

Advantages to Trade and Industry:

  • Simpler tax regime
  • Increased EoDB
  1. Reduction in compliance costs
  2. Elimination of double taxation
  3. Reduction in multiplicity of taxes
  4. Simplified procedure
  5. Reduce average tax burden

Advantages to Customers:

  • Final price of goods is expected to be transparent
  • Reduction in prices of commodities and goods
  • Relatively large segment of small retailers
  • Poverty eradication

Advantages to States:

  • Expansion of tax
  • Being destination based
  • Power to tax services
  • Improve overall investment
  • Reduce incentive for evasion
  • Improved compliance level of tax

GST Council Meeting: Some Important Decision Taken in GST Council Meeting:

  • Rules for conduct of business in GST Council
  • Timetable for implementation of GST
  • Limit for exemption from levy on GST
  • Availing composition scheme would be Rs. 50 lakhs
  • Compensate states for 5 years for loss of revenue
  • Approval draft GST rules
  • All entities exempted from payment of Indirect tax
  • Adoption of 4 slabs tax rate structure
  • SGST, CGST, Integrated IGST

Registration, Return, Invoice, Payment and Refund Rules

  • Valuation, Transitional and composition Rules
  • Challenges to Implementation of GST:
  • Challenging time frame of rolling-out GST by July, 1,2017
  • Passage of draft laws by State legislatures
  • Infrastructure and technology upgradation of tax system particularly of states.
  • Upgradation of IT system of trade and industry

Rashtrapati Bhavan Series of Books Brought Out by Publications Division

It Includes 17 Books:

  1. Abode under the Dome
  2. A Work of Beauty: Art and Architecture of the Rashtrapati Bhavan
  3. Arts and Interiors of the Rashtrapati Bhavan
  4. Around India’s First Table: Dining and Entertaining at the Rashtrapati Bhavan
  5. Discover the Magnificent world of Rashtrapati Bhavan (for children)
  6. Indradhanush – Volume 1
  7. Indradhanush – Volume 2
  8. Life at Rashtrapati Bhavan
  9. Right of the Line: The President’s Bodyguard
  10. Rashtrapati Bhavan: From Raj to Swaraj
  11. The Presidential Retreats of India
  12. The first Garden of the Republic: Nature in the President’s Estate
  13. Winged Wonders of Rashtrapati Bhavan
  14. Selected Speeches of the President: Volume 1
  15. Selected Speeches of the President: Volume 2
  16. XVI Selected Speeches of the President: Volume 3
  17. Selected Speeches of the President: Volume 4 (Currently under production)
Loading video•••

Yojana June 2017 Summary: Empowering Youth (In Hindi)

Dr. Manishika Jain presents the summary of Yojana June 2017. The highlights include - youth empowerment projects.

- Published/Last Modified on: November 22, 2017

Yojana

Doorsteptutor material for CLAT GK-Current-Affairs is prepared by worlds top subject experts- fully solved questions with step-by-step exaplanation- practice your way to success.

Developed by: