Yojana November 2018: Swachhata from Idea to Reality (Part 1) (Download PDF)


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Key Topics included in this Article: - Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Biofuel Policy, Swachhata Hi Seva, Kayakalp scheme, VISHWAS-A New Initiative, Swachh Swasth Sarvatra, Village Health Sanitation & Nutrition Committees

  • Mahila Aarogya Samitis (MAS)

  • Swachhata Action Plan (SAP)

  • Ganga Grams

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Swachhata from Idea to Reality - Yojana November 2018 (In English)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains Yojana November 2018: Swachhata from Idea to Reality

Forthcoming Issue: Digital India

  • This is what Father of Nation appealed for, in his call for Swachh Hindustan. ‘Cleanliness is next to Godliness’ – For Mahatma Gandhi this was not just thought but way of life.

  • Gandhiji not only preached cleanliness but also practised it himself.

A People’s Movement

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

  • When scheme was announced, rural sanitation coverage of India was 39%.

  • But this ‘people’s movement’ has transformed into ‘women’s movement’ w/rural women playing leading role in programme.

Image of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Image of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Image of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

  • Toilets in several parts of India are named “Izzat Ghar”. This is for 1sttime that subject matter in toilet construction campaign has taken central stage of national agenda.

Revision of Amount

  • Remuneration of Anganwadi workers is raised from Rs. 3000/- to Rs. 4500/- per month; mini Anganwadi workers from Rs. 2250/- is increased to Rs. 3500/-.

  • Remuneration of Anganwadi helpers is increased from Rs. 1500/- to Rs. 2250/- per month.

  • These workers will get incentive of Rs. 500/- per month & Rs. 250/- per month respectively on basis of real time monitoring of performance.

On the Road to Swachh Bharat

  • Minister of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, one of major Swachhata challenges is cleaning of River Ganga to restore its Aviralta & Nirmalta – its continuous & unpolluted flow.

  • Abt 2953 million litres of sewage generated by 97 towns along banks enter river untreated every day.

Cleaning the Ganga

  • 👌 For 1st time separate ministry was made for Ganga Rejuvenation in 2014 & Namami Gange was approved as flagship programme w/outlay of Rs. 20,000 cr. in 2015.

  • 👌 National Mission for Clean Ganga that is responsible for implementing programme was declared as Authority under Environment Protection Act 1986, giving it more powers in 2016 & State & District Ganga Committees were established in 2017.

Innovative Models

  • 👌 16 projects are taken up on Ganga tributaries, like Yamuna (Sonepat & Panipat in Haryana, Delhi, Mathura & Vrindavan in UP), Ramganga (Moradabad, UP), Saryu (Ayodhya, UP) & Kosi (Naugachia, Bihar).

  • These projects are for creating 1353 MLD sewage treatment capacity at cost of Rs. 3028 cr.

  • 100 % centrally funded programme is that it is comprehensive & integrated, allowing collaborative action b/w state & central agencies.

Swachhata in the Roads

Around 111 waterways are declared as National Waterways & will be developed for transport.

Green Ports

  • Ministry of Shipping has focused on setting up of ‘Green Ports’ for sustainable, environment – friendly & long term development of ports.

  • 👌 Vishakhapatnam Port Trust was adjudged as winner in category of Outstanding Renewable Energy User in service sector in India by Indian Federation of Green Energy.

  • Port consumes 1.2 MU of power per year & 100 % of its power consumption is being met from green energy.

Towards Clean & Healthy Villages

Transforming the Destiny of our Villages

In every house of Open Defecation Free village, abt Rs. 50000 are being saved because family is saving on expenditure otherwise being incurred on treatment of various diseases.

Swachhata: Juggernaut of Change

  • Over 9 cr. toilets are constructed & more than 4.5 lakh villages are declared Open Defecation Free (ODF).

  • Oil & Gas Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs) & their Joint-Ventures (JV), which are among largest corporations in India, have not only undertaken multifaceted projects around their core business offerings & Corporate Social Responsibility to build infrastructure that supports sanitation.

Amenities in Petrol Pumps

  • Petrol pumps of nationalized Oil Marketing Companies (OMC) form one of densest retail networks in country.

  • Every day, countless Indians fuel their vehicles at these pumps & so, sanitation amenities at petrol pumps would benefit hundreds & thousands of commuters.

  • At time of writing, over 55,784 out of 56,601 OMC petrol pumps have toilet facilities.

Making Cooking Women Friendly

  • Exposure to smoke produced by firewood/coal/cow-dung burning choolha, apart from causing alarming household pollution & deforestation, adversely affects health of women & children causing several respiratory disorders.

  • PM has set new PMUY target of 8 cr. LPG connections by 2020.

Improving Fuel Efficiency

  • India has followed regulatory pathway for fuel quality & vehicle emissions standards termed as Bharat Stage (BS) & successfully implemented BS IV norms at petrol pumps all across country in April 2017.

  • Govt. has taken bold decision to leapfrog from BS IV to BS VI fuel norms directly.

📝 Biofuel Policy

  • W/objective of addressing both environmental pollution from burning of agricultural waste & generating additional income for Indian farmers, govt. approved landmark National Policy on Biofuels in 2018.

  • Plans are afoot to set up 12 2nd generation bio-refineries which will be capable of generating bio-ethanol from agricultural residue.

  • So far we have achieved 4 % ethanol blending in petrol leading to 7.8 million MT reduction in greenhouse gas emissions & forex savings of $1520 million from fuel imports & target is to reach 10 % ethanol blending in petrol.

Swachhata in Tourist Locations

  • Some of most innovative projects undertaken by oil & gas CPSEs include Bandicoot robotic manhole cleaner installed by Indian Oil Corporation in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu which replaces manual scavenging.

Map of Indian Oil Corporation in Thanjavur

Map of Indian Oil Corporation in Thanjavur

Map of Indian Oil Corporation in Thanjavur

  • ONGC provisioned 3 water ATMs & solar RO water purifiers at locations in Assam, Jharkhand & Tripura which are used by more than lakh people.

  • Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited has installed 33 Micro Composting Centres to generate compost from 174 MT daily at Avadi & Poonamallee in Tamil Nadu.

Map of Avadi & Poonamallee in Tamil Nadu.

Map of Avadi & Poonamallee in Tamil Nadu.

Map of Avadi & Poonamallee in Tamil Nadu.

  • Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited collaborated w/Tata Trust to provide washing facilities at 300 schools for more than 50,000 students, in 4 States.

Sanitation Revolution: Implementation at Scale

  • After building phenomenal 87 million individual household toilets, as many as 5.1 lakh villages, 529 dist. & 25 States & UTs are now open defecation free.

  • Scale: To meet need to change behaviour of 600 million people, SBM had to acknowledge scale it was dealing w/ & respond w/national Team Swachh Bharat w/caliber to change behaviour of individual, as well as community.

  • 📝 Key Elements of sustainability strategy:

  • ODF-Quality (ODF-Q): Requires every toilet constructed under Mission to be geo-tagged.

  • ODF-Sustainability (ODF-S): Ensures continous behaviour change communication, to remain much after achievement of ODF.

  • ODF plus (ODF+): SBM goes beyond toilets & works towards clean villages by prioritizing solid & liquid waste mgmt. practices in ODF villages, as well as prioritization on rural water supply for ODF villages, in coordination w/National Rural Drinking Water Programme.

  • As reported by WHO, SBM will result in averting over 300,000 deaths related to diarrhoea & protein-energy malnutrition b/w 2014 & Oct. 2019.

  • 📝 From addressing 4Ss, SBM has guided discourse to lessons learnt in form of importance of 4 Ps:

  • Political Leadership: Political will & leadership from top are critical.

  • Public funding: Over Rs. 1 lakh cr. are committed by centre & states to SBM to ensure no shortfall in funding.

  • Partnerships: Constant engagement w/development partners, NGOs, pvt. sector, civil society, media, etc.

  • People’s Participation: Sanitation is not govt. programme, but jan andolan.

Swachhata Hi Seva

👌 Objectives of SHS 2018 are to:

  • Re-energize Swachh Bharat jan andolan

  • Accelerate SBM progress in final stages

  • Reinforce ‘Sanitation as Everyone’s Business’.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 4, 2018


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