Yojana November 2018: Swachhata from Idea to Reality (Part 2) (Download PDF)


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Other Highlights : - In Rewari dist. of Haryana, school children are becoming voice of SBM as they went on rally to spread awareness abt cleanliness & hygiene. In Jaunpur of UP, communities came together to participate in sanitation activities & spread message of Swachhata. Pit emptying was done in Solapur of Maharashtra. In Ranchi of Jharkhand various cleanliness activities were undertaken by school students.

  • In Madhepura dist. of Bihar, people came out of their homes to offer sharmdan.

  • Large numbers of volunteers from Art of Living Foundation organized cleaning drives across country.

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Swachhata from Idea to Reality - Yojana November 2018 (In English)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains Yojana November 2018: Swachhata from Idea to Reality

Improving Cleanliness of Health Care Facilities

  • Since 2015, it has particularly made sanitation centre piece of its efforts to improve health & wellbeing of citizens.

  • MoHFW’s Kayakalp initiative began in 2015 w/aim of improving infrastructure upkeep, hygiene & sanitation & infection control practices in Central Govt. institutions & public health facilities in all 36 States & UTs.

  • Health facilities are assessed & scored on number of parameters & every year highest-scoring facilities at each level receive recognition though Kayakalp Awards that carry cash award, apart from citation.

  • Kayakalp scheme has resulted in significant improvement in level of cleanliness, hygiene & infection control practices at public healthcare facilities & has inculcated culture of ongoing assessment & peer review to promote hygiene, cleanliness & sanitation.

Image of Improving Cleanliness of Health Care Facilities

Image of Improving Cleanliness of Health Care Facilities

Image of Improving Cleanliness of Health Care Facilities

📝 VISHWAS-A New Initiative

  • VISHWAS-Village based Initiative to Synergise Health, Water & Sanitation – a year long campaign to be carried out by VHSNCs to build community awareness & develop local champions for action on water, sanitation & health & create platform for building synergies b/w various programmes, such as Swachh Bharat Mission.

  • Assessment of facilities in undertaken on 7 broad thematic areas & set of specific criteria & checkpoints w/I each of them, which are:

  • Hospital/Facility Upkeep

  • Sanitation & Hygiene

  • Waste Management

  • Infection Control

  • Support Services

  • Hygiene Promotion

  • Kayakalp outside boundary

Image of VISHWAS-A New Initiative

Image of VISHWAS-A New Initiative

Image of VISHWAS-A New Initiative

📝 Swachh Swasth Sarvatra

  • Swachh Swasth Sarvatra is joint initiative of Ministry of Health & Family Welfare & Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation to achieve better health outcomes thru improved sanitation & increase awareness on healthy lifestyles.

  • Its objective is to have more synergy b/w 2 complementary programmes – Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) & Kayakalp.

  • 3 broad objectives of scheme:

  • Enabling Gram Panchayat where Kayakalp awarded PHCs is located to become Open Defecation Free (ODF).

  • Strengthening Community Health Centre (CHC) in ODF blocks to achieve high level of cleanliness to meet Kayakalp standards thru support of Rs. 10 lakhs under NHM.

  • Build capacity thru training in water, sanitation & hygiene (WASH) to nominees from such CHCs & PHCs.

📝 Village Health Sanitation & Nutrition Committees (VHSNCs)

  • National Rural Health Mission, since its inception in 2005, created Village Health Sanitation Committees (VHSCs) across all states, as ‘platform for community action on health’, clearly highlighting key role of mobilizing communities in improving sanitation & achieving health outcomes.

  • VHSCs were established at village level & were provided ‘united fund’ of Rs. 10000, per year, to support community’s own initiative for convergent action on health & other social determinants of health.

  • Abt 5.2 lakh VHSNCs are in place (92 % VHSNCs formed against target of which 97 % have bank accounts).

📝 Mahila Aarogya Samitis (MAS) under NUHM

  • Under National Urban Health Mission (NUHM), equal emphasis is placed on sanitation & hygiene interventions.

  • Similar to VHSNCs, Mahila Aarogya Samiti (MAS) is established in urban areas under NUHM.

  • MAS are groups of abt 12 - 20 women in urban area, in community of primarily poor & vulnerable sections.

  • Every MAS receives Rs. 5000 per year as united fund similar to VHSNCs.

  • Abt 74000 MAS are constituted across states, but programme is still evolving.

📝 VISHWAS (Village based Initiative to Synergise, health, Water & Sanitation) Campaign

  • Under VISHWAS, yearlong campaign is to be carried out by each VHSNC in its area, w/focus on building awareness & social mobilization, developing community champions for action on water sanitation & health & creating platform for building synergies b/w various govt. programmes.

  • Campaign along w/Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) is to carry out 11 monthly campaign days, each one of which will be focused on selected theme.

  • National training of trainers (TOT) was conducted in New Delhi & Guwahati in June & Sept. 2017 respectively.

  • UP has started rollout of VISHWAS Campaign in 5 selected dist. (Varanasi, Gorakhpur, Jhansi, Lucknow & Kanpur).

Map of Varanasi, Gorakhpur, Jhansi, Lucknow & Kanpur

Map of Varanasi, Gorakhpur, Jhansi, Lucknow & Kanpur

Map of Varanasi, Gorakhpur, Jhansi, Lucknow & Kanpur

  • State is integrating VISHWAS Campaign w/community level interventions being undertaken for elimination of Japanese Encephalitis in dist. of Gorakhpur.

A Hygienic Environment for Mother and Child

“Sanitation in community is more imp. than independence. Sanitation is common spiritual effort in community like ours & it is basic human right”.

  • M. K. GANDHI

  • Concept of ‘Sanitation’ is comprehensive one including effective mgmt. (collection, treatment & disposal/recovery, reuse or recycling) of human waste, solid waste (including biodegradable & non-biodegradable refuse/trash/rubbish), waste water, sewage effluents, industrial wastes & hazardous wastes (such as hospital, chemical, radioactive, plastic or other dangerous).

  • Mahatma Gandhi dealt w/nearly all aspects of Sanitation-Technical, Social & Economic & its various aspects – Personal, Domestic & Corporate.

  • Water, Sanitation & Hygiene are 3 cr. issues which are grouped together to represent growing sector.

  • While each is separate field of work, each is dependent on presence of other.

  • India accounts for 90 % of people in South Asia & 59 % of 1.1 billion people in world who practice open defecation.

  • Poverty & malnutrition exacerbate risk of infants & children to various infectious diseases like diarrhea & pneumonia & heighten probability of death, particularly among children w/low birth weight.

  • It is widely realized that practice of open defecation is main reason as to why India reports highest diarrhea deaths among children below 5 in India.

Sanitation Revolution: Cleansing Urban India

  • There are studies linking cleanliness & hygiene w/reduction in respiratory disorders, gastrointestinal diseases (especially diarrhea), psychological issues & allergic conditions.

  • As per UNICEF report (2011), almost 90 % of child deaths from diarrheal diseases are directly linked to contaminated water, lack of sanitation or inadequate hygiene.

  • As per India Health Report for Nutrition Security in India (PHFI, 2015), North Eastern state of Mizoram has reported 13 % point decline in stunting (below normal height for age) & 5 % points decline in underweight children (underweight & short) b/w 2006 & 2014 due to improved access to sanitation.

The Launch of Swachh Bharat Mission

Decades ago, Mahatma Gandhi said that ‘sanitation is more imp. than political freedom’.

Image of The Launch of Swachh Bharat Mission

Image of The Launch of Swachh Bharat Mission

Image of The Launch of Swachh Bharat Mission

Image of Swachh Bharat Mission

Image of Swachh Bharat Mission

Image of Swachh Bharat Mission

Solid Waste Management – Multi-Pronged approach

In India, estimated 65 million tonnes of Municipal Solid Waste is generated annually by around 400 million citizens residing in urban areas.

 Image of Solid Waste Management – Multi-Pronged approach

Image of Solid Waste Management – Multi-Pronged Approach

Image of Solid Waste Management – Multi-Pronged approach

  • It is estimated that 165 million tonnes of waste will be generated by 2030 & 450 million tonnes by 2050, along w/resultant public health & environmental challenges.

  • States such as Chhattisgarh, Kerala & Goa are doing exemplary work on Solid Waste Mgmt.

  • Cities as Indore, Navi Mumbai, Aligarh, Sasvad & Bengaluru are showing way forward in innovative & sustainable approaches.

Map of Indore, Navi Mumbai, Aligarh, Sasvad & Bengaluru

Map of Indore, Navi Mumbai, Aligarh, Sasvad & Bengaluru

Map of Indore, Navi Mumbai, Aligarh, Sasvad & Bengaluru

  • Chhattisgarh is on its way to becoming Zero Landfill state thru Zero Waste Model being replicated in its cities.

  • 100 % of waste in Gangtok is being segregated at sources & being processed.

  • Indore, Bhopal & Jabalpur in MP are practicing 100 % source segregation.

  • Navi Mumbai is segregating 88 % of its MSW at source segregation.

  • Bengaluru has innovative online portal to support all Bulk Waste generators to comply w/SWM rules.

  • Aligarh has introduced ‘magic bricks’ made out of dry waste which can be used in construction activities

  • Sasvad in Maharashtra uses innovative colour coding of households (red, yellow, green) to denote households that do not segregate their waste, segregate occasionally & regularly segregate respectively.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 4, 2018


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