Yojana November 2018: Swachhata from Idea to Reality (Part 3) (Download PDF)


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Star Rating for Garbage Cities: - Ministry has introduced new innovative initiative for evaluating Garbage Free status of Cities & awarding “Garbage Free City Stars” to city. Star Rating initiative, which is rating protocol based on 12 parameters.

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Swachhata from Idea to Reality - Yojana November 2018 (In English)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains Yojana November 2018: Swachhata from Idea to Reality

Follows SMART framework –Single metric, Measurable, Achievable, Rigorous verification mechanism & Targeted towards outcomes - & is devised in holistic manner covering all aspects of Solid Waste Mgmt. viz. Public Cleanliness, Door to Door collection, source segregation, processing, cleanliness of drains & water bodies, plastic waste mgmt. , managing construction & demolition waste, etc. which are critical drivers for achieving garbage free cities.

Image of Star Rating for Garbage Cities

Image of Star Rating for Garbage Cities

Image of Star Rating for Garbage Cities

  • Monks of Ramakrishna Mission in Karnataka hold regular cleaning drives along w/citizen volunteers to keep roads & localities clean.

  • 3 enterprising ladies from Maharashtra –Suvarna Lokhande from Sinnar – Nasik dist. , Sangeeta Awhale from Saikheda – Washim dist. & Chiatali Rathod from Mozar – Yavatmal dist. had taken initiative of building toilets for their families, for their personal & their families’ self-esteem.

  • KOSHISH, Drug-based group of individuals of all ages cleans parks near their community every morning for use of senior citizens.

Social & Economic Impacts of Swachh Bharat Mission: A Few Examples

  • Recent study by Indore Municipal Corporation has found that vector-borne diseases have reduced by 70 % due to sanitation interventions under Swachh Bharat Mission.

  • Number of patients affected by jaundice, cholera, vomiting, diarrhea, hepatitis & malaria in Indore have reduced from 1,00,000 b/w June to August 2016 to 35,000 during same period in 2017.

  • Back-of-the-envelope calculation reveals that potential value added from solid waste today can be to tune of more than Rs. 20,000 cr. (assuming 1 MT of waste generates value of Rs. 3,000) & if properly harnessed & leveraged can evolve into trillion- rupee industry & will be huge contributor to economy.


Swachh environment will lead to ‘Swasth, Swastha, Samarth & Samriddh’ Bharat & pave way for New India -2022.

Sanitation as Everyone’s Business

All for Sanitation

  • Political Will, Public Policy, Investments, Partnerships – all must come together to create enabling environment that would be powered by people’s participation to deliver final assault on decades of lack of sanitation & neglect of hygiene.

  • Countries like Lesotho, Korea & Malaysia stand as brilliant examples of what could be achieved.

Charge of Every Department

To help Union Ministries to build Swachhata into their own schemes & policies, special projects w/measurable outcomes are developed.

📝 Swachhata Action Plan (SAP)

  • SAP was launched on 1st April 2017.

  • Under this ministries & dept. mainstream sanitation in their mandates thru budgeted & accountable action plans.

  • SAP heralds milestone in govt. functioning where all wings join hands to deliver goal of Swachh Bharat, irrespective of their allocated functions.

Swachhata Pakhwada (SP)

During this 15 day process, Ministries report their sanitation activities daily on online portal.

Swachh Iconic Places (SIP)

Swachh Iconic Place (SIP) project, as component of SBM aims to achieve same.

Ganga Grams

  • Ganga Gram is another inter-ministry project b/w SBM & National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG).

  • Project is focused on better cleanliness & infrastructure facilities in villages on banks of river Ganga, thru convergence w/other dept.

Students & Youth to Fore

Swachh Bharat Mission has most productive involvement of students & youth community to rejuvenate sanitation on campus & nearby areas & also to harness their potential as change agents.

Corporate Partnerships

Tata Trusts trained & deployed 475 motivated young professionals to help dist. design, implement & monitor various interventions under SBM-G.

Business of Jan Jan

  • Millions have come together under special campaigns like Swachhata Hi Seva (2017 & 2018), Chalo Champaran, ODF Weeks & fornights & many more for adoption of sustainable sanitation.

  • Celebrities, officials & common people alike have undertaken shramdaan & demonstration activities like pit digging pit emptying etc. to remove misplaced stigma appended to sanitation.

  • Faith leaders across faiths have come out in support of Swachh Bharat motivating their followers.

Sanitation: A Purification Process

Gandhiji’s Idea of Swachh Hindustan

Gandhiji wanted to see Hindustan Swachh – clean & cleansed, body & soul. He was distressed abt way we lived & maintained our inhabitations.

Sanitation & Hygiene in South Africa

👌 Main objective of Gandhiji was to win, for Indian communities such locations in towns & cities in South Africa that would be amenable to good sanitation & hygiene.

Sanitation in Indian Cities

  • In educational institutions & public events such as conferences, Gandhiji for 1st time brought up issue of sanitation & hygiene.

  • After Gandhiji’s arrival in India, in every event that he attended, sanitation committee was 1st to be organized in which all attending leaders had to volunteer in day to day cleaning activities.

Gandhiji in Action on Sanitation

  • 👌 In Sevagram Ashram at Wardha in late 1930s, his attention towards sanitation had not ebbed. In fact, he detailed it in following way for inmates

  • Everyone must wash his dish thoroughly & keep it in its place. Guests & visitors are requested to bring their own plate, drinking pot, bowls & spoon as well as lantern, bedding, mosquito net & napkins.

Status of Sanitation in Country

  • Toilet coverage in country which was around 40 % in 2014 has gone upto 90% & more.

  • Abt 4.5 lakh villages are covered w/toilets.

Staircase to Swaraj

Vinoba Bhave, Thakkar Baba, J C Kumarappa & innumerable youngsters w/sparkling brilliance joined freedom struggle & took safai & Swachhata root to independence.


Demanding right of Indian Home Rule, Bal Gangadhar Tilak roared. ‘Swaraj is my birth right’. For Gandhi, term ‘Swaraj’ was more profound in its implication. He stated in Young India, “Swaraj is sacred word, Vedic word, meaning self-rule, self-resistant which ‘independence’ often means.

An Act of Sublime Joy

Gandhi, who saw non-violent living as best means to worship God & Truth, saw every act that serves life as way to God. He deemed cleaning as act of purification & drew immense joy from it.

Ambassadors of Cleanliness

  • Bhagwat Gita in Chapter 13, talks abt ‘shaucham’ – cleanliness, as one of values to be cultivated if person wants to evolve.

  • ‘Shaucha’ gives rise to purity of mind, contentment, victory over senses & competency to attain self-realization.

  • 📝 KVS has converted cleanliness mission for students into learning event by making it part of core school activities:

  • Swachhata is embedded now in school psyche.

  • Students are carrying idea to their family & neighbourhood & participation of community in such school programmes is visible.

  • Students under cleanliness drive, not only create awareness in family & neighbourhood but act as ambassadors of Swachhata.

  • Green Schools Programme (GSP) of Centre for Science & Environment (CSE) is learning programme for schools to move beyond theories & text books & concentrate on “doing”.

Swachh Rail, Swachh Bharat

  • Indian Railways has more than 8700 stations, running average of over 13000 trains every day.

  • Maintaining & improving cleanliness of these stations & trains is mammoth task due to heavy footfalls/overcrowding.

  • 📝 “Swachh Rail, Swachh Bharat” campaign that includes but is not limited to followings:

  • Outsourcing of cleanliness of all major stations

  • Improving flooring of platforms to enable mechanized cleaning

  • Providing separate dustbins for diff. types of waste

  • Employing CCTVs to monitor cleaning practices

  • Installation of bio-toilets in passenger coaches

  • Development of “Customer Complaint” Web Portal & Mobile Application to collect continous Citizen Feedback

  • Introduction of Pay-and-Use toilets at various stations

  • Introduction of on-board housekeeping services (OBHS), Clean my Coach & Coach Mitra services in nominated trains

  • Employing 1st of its kind, real time 24 × 7 public grievance system thru Twitter & provision of medical, security & other emergency assistance to passengers.

  • ‘Clean Train Station’ (CTS) are provided for limited mechanized cleaning services to passing thru trains during their stoppages at selected stations enroute.

  • 39 CTSs are made operational across Indian Railways.

Cleanliness Drive: Modalities

  • General Conditions of Contacts (GCC) for service contracts are introduced on Indian Railways to guide Zonal Railways to tackle various situations governing execution of service contracts.

  • In new standard bid document issued for housekeeping of stations, coaching depots & trains, 10 % weightage is given to ‘use of type & quantity of consumables & machinery’ in evaluation of contractor’s performance which is linked to monthly payments.

  • 2 packet tendering system is followed. In addition to min. eligibility criteria, only bidders scoring min. 70 % in technical evaluation stage will qualify for opening of financial bids.

  • Additional toilets at Railway Stations are installed including Pay-and-Use toilets. Enforcement of Indian Railways (Penalties for activities affecting cleanliness at railway premises) Rules 2012 is intensified. Use of CCTV s for monitoring cleanliness activities at major stations is increased.

  • Railways actively supported & participated in drive launched by GoI against Open Defecation (OD) on 25th Sept. , 2016.

  • 👌 1st train, Gwalior-Varanasi-Bundelkhand Express fitted w/IR-DRDO bio-toilets was introduced in service in January 2011.

Solid Waste Management

  • Pilot plants are being set up at Jaipur & New Delhi which will convert bio-degradable waste to energy thru bio-methanation process.

  • Disinfestations of coaches by authorized & approved agencies is being regularly done to eradicate presence of cockroaches in coaches as per following schedule:

  • For AC coaches & pantry cars: Once in 15 days.

  • Reserved non AC coaches: Once in 30 days.

  • Unreserved non AC coaches: Once in 60 days

Other Important Notes

Punjab to launch bilingual ODF sustainability mobile App

  • Punjab is 1st State to launch ODF sustainability App under its ‘My Village My Pride’ campaign.

  • It allows for online submission of complaints regarding open defecation.

👌 PM receives UNEP Champions of Earth Award

  • PM was awarded ‘UNEP Championship of the Earth’ award, United Nations’ highest environmental honour.

  • Award was presented by UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres at special ceremony in Pravasi Bharatiya Kendra, New Delhi on 3rd Oct.

Kerala launches 1st biogas plant under GOBAR-Dhan

  • Kerala has taken lead by setting up country’s 1st bio-gas plant under GOBAR-Dhan scheme.

  • 👌 Thuruthi waste treatment plant in Pappinissery Gram Panchayat of Kannur dist. will treat bio waste collected from public spaces, including community & commercial spaces such as markets.

Image of Pappinissery Gram Panchayat of Kannur dist.

Image of Pappinissery Gram Panchayat of Kannur Dist.

Image of Pappinissery Gram Panchayat of Kannur dist.

  • 👌 GOBAR-Dhan Scheme is conceptualized w/aim to convert waste into bio energy, gas & compost which would not only benefit people but also maintain cleanliness in villages.

  • 👌 New plant in Kannur has capacity of treating 1000 kg of waste per day.

Murshidabad makes great strides in ODF-S

👌 Significant initiatives undertaken by sanitation teams:

  • Nazardari & Gandhigiri

  • Toilets for all

  • Kachha Toilet Todo Abhiyan

  • Focus on educational institutions & Anganwadi Centres

  • Sanitation Cards

  • MUKTI: Under Mukti project, dist. identified places of open defecation & made plans to transform & beautify those places by land reclamation, plantation & greenery thru MGNREGS.

  • Child Cabinet

SATAT initiative to promote Compressed Bio-Gas as Alternative, Green Transport Fuel

👌 Innovative initiative – SATAT – to set up Compressed Bio-Gas (CBG) production plants & make available CBG in market for use in automotive fuels was launched recently by Union Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas & Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, w/PSU Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) inviting Expression of Interest (EoI) from potential entrepreneurs.

River Pollution Abatement Project in Udhampur in Jammu & Kashmir

👌 ‘Pollution abatement of rivers Devika & Tawi in Udhampur, J&K. Project is scheduled for completion by March 2021.

Plastic Free Sitamarhi

  • 👌 Sitamarhi, 1st dist. in Bihar to become open defecation free (ODF) on 17th July 2018 is now heading towards much-talked abt plastic ban that will be carried out in phased manner.

Image of Sitamarhi, 1<sup>st</sup> dist. in Bihar

Image of Sitamarhi, 1st dist. in Bihar

Image of Sitamarhi, 1st dist. in Bihar

  • Until now as many as 10 lakh cotton bags which are made by rural woman entrepreneurs from various Self Help Groups (SHG) of project JEEVIKA are procured by dist. for distribution.

Sampling SAP

  • Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas has developed Swachhta@PetrolPump app to monitor & improve cleanliness levels at petrol pumps & service stations.

  • Dept. of School Education & Literacy has achieved 100 % gender segregated toilets in all Schools.

  • Ministry of Civil Aviation, Power & Rural Development has successfully implemented Water Conservation, Bio-Fuel, Waste Recycling & Waste to Energy initiatives.

  • Ministry of Railways is committed to set bio-digester toilets by October 2019.

  • Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has implemented 5S (Sort, Set in order, Shine, Standardize & Sustain) in Health facilities & is coordinating w/MDWS in implementing Swachh Swasth Sarvatra.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 4, 2018


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