Yojana September 2019 Resurgent India 2019-20 Skills for a $5 Trillion Economy (Download PDF)

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Skills for a $5 Trillion Economy: According to the Economic Survey, ‘the working-age population in the country will grow by roughly 97 lakh per year during the coming decade and 42 lakh per year in the 2030s’. It has projected that, “If we assume that the labour force participation rate (LFPR) would remain at about 60 % in the next two decades, about 55 - 60 lakh jobs will have to be created annually over the next decade. “National Skill Development Policy was initiated in FY2009 and the National skill Development Fund (NSDF) and the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) was established under the Ministry of Finance, Govt. of India. The National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF) were established in FY2013. National Apprenticeship promotion scheme was initiated in 2016 to promote apprenticeship w/h provision for basic training & on-the-job training or practical training at workplace. Till June 2019,11.87 lakh candidates & 76,860 establishment have registered under scheme.

  • MSDE
  • PMKVY
  • DDUGKY
  • PMKK
  • NAPS
  • SANKALP
  • STRIVE
  • SANKALP launched in 2017, aims to create convergence among all skill traing activities, improve quality of skill development programmes & create industry-led & demand-driven skill training capacity. As on Decm. 2018, process of disbursements of funds to states & UTs is underway.
  • Regional workshop w/h state & UTs are alos being held to facilitate roll out.
  • Under PMKVY, 16.60 lakh candidates of a total of 22.65 lakh who enrolled for recognition of prior learning passed as on 13 may, 2019.

Best practices for ground water harvesting

  • Dobha construction for rain water harvesting, Jharkhand
  • Kapil dhara construction of dug wells under MGNREGA, Madhya Pradesh
  • Farm pond on Demand scheme, Vidarbha & Marathawada region, Maharashtra
  • Jalyukta shivar abhiyan, Maharashtra
  • Sujalam sufalam jalsanchay abhiyan 2018, Gujarat
  • Pani panchayat: odisha water resource consolidation project
  • Mukhyamantri jal swavlamban abhiyan, Rajasthan
  • Artificial recharge for spring rejuvenation, south Sikkim district, Sikkim
  • Mission Kakatiya, Telangana

Transforming Indian Health systems

  • The national health policy (NHP) 2017 has provided a concrete shape giving direction to health coverage as its central goal.
  • In 2002, India had released second National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) to as the first major health system reforms in India, since the report of Sir Joseph Bhore committee in 1946. Initiative under NRHM, in the decade to follow, resulted in India eliminating Polio, Yaws & maternal & neonatal tetanus; reduced incidences of many communicable diseases & brought attention on strengthening PHC system.
  • New & 3rd National Health Policy (NHP) was released in 2017, followed by Ayushman Bharat Programme (ABP) in 2018 as an implementation component
  • In Union Budget 2019 20, one of the 10 components of ‘Vision for India’ in decade ahead is “Healthy India: Ayushman Bharat, well-nourished Women & Children”
  • This Vision can serve as the 3rd step to sustaining the (health) policy Implementation & ensuring that country achieves health-related sustainable development goals (SDGs) by 2030.
  • Stronger Health systems through Stronger PHC System
  • Re-design PHC system based Upon available local evidence:
  • An effective planning of health services & tackling inequities in health outcomes need a sub- district unit level planning.
  • Every block level can h/v a hospital, public health unit & planning for health services (funding, human resources & detailed planning) should be done at this level
  • Correct ‘the inverted pyramid’ of health services provisional & utilization:
  • Start focused initiatives to tackle social determinants of health (SDH):
  • Establish sub- district-based health system in India.
  • Strengthen urban health governance for multi-sectoral collaboration.
  • Use of Behavioural Economics for better health outcome.
  • Focus on Public Health carde

Infrastructure Development for the Next Generation

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)

  • This mandate also includes upgradation of slums. Achieving goal step in realization of New India Vision 2022 that will trigger economic growth & create Millions of job for skilled as well as unskilled workers.
  • PMAY Phase I: April 2015 to March 2017;
  • PMAY Phase II: April 2017 to March 2019;
  • PMAY III: April 2019 to March 2020;
  • PMAY-G is aims to achieve the objective of “Housing for All” by 2022. A total of 1.54 cr rural homes have been completed in last 5 year. In 2nd Phase of PMAY-G during 2019 2019 - 20 to 2021 - 22,1.95 cr houses are proposed to be provided to eligible beneficiaries.

ENERGY

  • Make available 24 × 7 power to all by 2019;
  • Achieve 175 Giga Watt (GW) of renewable energy generation capacity by 2022; &
  • Reduce imports of oil & gas by 10 per cent by 2022 - 23
  • Some of major challenges on achieving milestones set for 2022 - 23 are
  • Overall energy
  • Power
  • Oil & Gas
  • Coal
  • Renewable Energy
  • Energy Efficiency

- Published/Last Modified on: September 23, 2019

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