Yojana September 2019 Resurgent India 2019 - 20 Water Conservation

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Water Crisis - A Major Impediment: India has just 2.4 % geographical area of the world while harbouring nearly one sixth of the global population and the world՚s highest owner of livestock. Although the mother Earth is predominantly (70 %) covered by water, only 2.5 % is freshwater. India harbours only 4 % of World՚s freshwater resources. Less than 1 % of the freshwater resources. Less than 1 % of the freshwater is easily accessible in lakes and rivers. India is not only committed to fulfill its international obligations towards biodiversity conservation, environmental management, Climate change mitigation, human rights, Social justice, equity as well as peace but at the same time it is fully geared for planned accomplishments essential for nation building and meaningful contribution towards global agenda on sustainable development.

Nature, Water and People

  • Biodiversity has a functional role as it underpins ecosystem Process and functions and, therefore, the delivery of ecosystem services. In order to appreciate causes of water crisis and develop holistic approaches for ensuring water security in the country, the foremost requirement is to understand such interconnections in the country՚s different regions/landscapes.

Water Conservation

  • Water conservation Primarily involves the following three objectives:

a) Enhance Water Availability

b) Improve water quality

c) Reducing water-related risks

A National movement

  • Innovative, ‘Nature Based Solutions (NBS) ’ are expected to make significant efforts aiming at water conservation. Moreover, current efforts demand a national movement.
  • Accordingly, the Ministry launched ‘Jal Shakti Abhiyan’ , a campaign for water conservation and water security. The campaign will run through citizen participation while focus of the campaign would be on water-stressed districts and blocks in the country.
  • Some of the other prominent programmes/schemes launched by concerned Ministries are: PMKSY - ‘Har Khet ko Pani’ and ‘More Crop Per Drop’ ; Jal Shakti Abhiyan; River Basin Management; National Water Mission; National Mission for Clean Ganga - Namami Gange, National Mission for Sustainable Himalayas; Dam Improvement and Rehabilitation Programme; Interlinking of Rivers, Ground Water Management, Flood Control and Forecast, Biodiversity Conservation, Wetland Conservation, Green India Mission, CAMPA and National and State Level Action Plans on Climate Change.
  • As the ‘New India’ moves in the direction of sustainable development, due emphasis is to given for formulation of strategies, guidelines and Plans for sustainable use of the water resource, in other words, water budgeting.
  • In conclusion, following six priority actions are visualised for making water management sustainable In the country as a reality through an aggressive national movement:

a) Institutions and Governance

b) Participatory Approach

c) Knowledge Management

d) Ecosystem - Based Management Approach

e) Continuous Care

f) Capacity Development

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