Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) (Download PDF)


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Zero budget means without using any money or credit to purchase any inputs and other expenses in farming and natural farming means farming with nature and without chemicals. Farmers use products from nature like cow dung as manure. Zero Budget Natural Farming does not involve pesticides, chemicals in farming. The economic survey of 2018 - 19 was focused on the adoption of zero budget natural farming to double the farmer’s income by the end of 2022. Jeevamrutha, Bijamrita, Mulching, and Moisture are the main pillars of Zero Budget Natural Farming.

Zero Budger Natural Farming

Zero Budger Natural Farming

Zero Budger Natural Farming

Pillars of Zero Budget Natural Farming


  • It is fermented microbial culture it uses cow dung and urine.

  • It provides nutrients to the soil.

  • It acts as a catalytic agent that promotes the activity of microorganisms in the soil and increases the earthworm activity.


  • It is used for the seeds and other planting materials.

  • It Protects routes by using cow dung and urine.

  • Cow dung and urine have antifungal properties that help against various pests.


  • Conservation of soil moisture by covering the top layer of the soil with dried Biomass or organic manure.

  • It enhances the fertility of the soil.


  • Plant roots required a lot of water so there is a need to focus on the conservation of soil moisture.

  • Other activities like inter-cropping, rainwater harvesting, contour and bunds, a revival of the soil’s earthworms, etc are also involved in the Zero Budget Natural Farming

Progress of the Zero Budget Natural Farming in India

States implementing Zero Budget Natural Farming

States Implementing Zero Budget Natural Farming

States implementing Zero Budget Natural Farming


  • Zero Budget Natural Farming was first started in Karnataka in an area of 2000 ha.

  • In each of the 10 agro-climatic zones of the state through agriculture and horticulture universities.

  • Research stations were established and scientific experimental trails have been started in fields.

Himachal Pradesh

  • To promote organic farming and to increase farmer’s income and agricultural produce by 2022, Himachal Pradesh launched zero budget natural farming in 2018.

  • It implemented through the state-funded scheme as Prakratik Kheti-Khushal Kisan.

Andhra Pradesh

  • Andhra Pradesh launched a 100 % chemical-free farming in 6 million farm/farmers in 8 million hectares of land by 2024.

  • By this initiative Andhra Pradesh became the India’s first zero budget natural farming.

  • Under the Rashtriya Vikas Yogana Andhra Pradesh stated a zero budget natural farming in 2015.


In Kerala Creating Awareness programs and training works on zero budget natural farming to attract farmers in natural farming.

Benefits of Zero Budget Natural Farming

  • It reduces the input cost of the farmers; it will reduce the problem of agrarian distress.

  • It reduces dependence on credit.

  • It helps in soil fertility.

  • Helps in optimum utilization of water

  • Increase in farmer’s income

  • Promotes intercropping


  • Lack of Scientific validation, no scientific study that zero budget natural farming gives higher yields compared to other chemicals.

  • By natural farming, 30 % lower yield compared to the yield which is used by chemical fertilizers.

  • Need to have location-specific intervention for balanced use of fertilizers and integrated nutrition management.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 23, 2019

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