E-20 Ethanol Mixed Petrol (Download PDF)

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  • The government of India recently has introduced the E-20 fuel for the promotion of green fuel such as ethanol. This E-20 blend of ethanol is further expected to reduce the vehicular emission thereby reducing oil imports.
  • E-20 is a blend of 20 % ethanol with gasoline (petrol) . The draft notification was published by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways inviting suggestions from the public for the adoption of E-20 fuel.
E-20 Ethanol Mixed Petrol

Benefits of E-20

  • It saves foreign exchange.
  • It helps in boosting energy security of the country.
  • It further helps in reducing emissions of Hydrocarbons and carbon dioxide.


  • It is a biofuel.
  • It is a common by-product that comes from agricultural feedstock such as corn, hemp, potato, etc.
  • It can be successfully used as a bio-fuel in Flexi-fuel vehicles.
  • At present only 10 % ethanol blend is permissible in India, in 2019 it could reach only 5.6 % .
  • Ethanol is greener than gasoline because the corn and crop plantations absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.


  • To take the ethanol economy to 2 lakh crores of rupees in next 5 years.
  • The ethanol economy in India at present is at twenty-two thousand crores of rupees.

Drawbacks of Ethanol

  • Ethanol is less efficient as a fuel.
  • Compared to energy-rich gasoline and diesel, ethanol has a lower energy content.
  • 15 % ethanol or blends over E-15 is highly corrosive for older vehicles.
    • Old rubber seals can be broken down by the alcohols.
    • Also, alcohol can damage engines.

Other Initiatives to Promote Bio-Fuels

The National Biofuel Coordination Committee

  • The surplus rice has been allowed to get converted into ethanol.
  • Alcohol based hand sanitizer can be made.

The EBP (Ethanol Blended Programme) Programme

  • It promotes the blending of Ethanol in petrol and was launched in 2003.
  • Also addresses environment concerns such as fossil fuel burning, reduce crude imports, etc.

The National Policy on Biofuels

  • It was launched in 2018.
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
  • This policy proposed for the conversion of over surplus quantity (food grains) into ethanol.

- Published/Last Modified on: June 3, 2021

Economy, Environment/Ecology

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