‘Ethnic Cleansing’ of Rohingya Pursuing Myanmar: UN Official (Download PDF)

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Thousands of desperate people have pushed over the border into Bangladesh in the last few days, bringing with them horrifying stories of gang rape, torture and the systematic killing of their ethnic group.

  • Up to 30,000 of the impoverished ethnic group have abandoned their homes in Myanmar to escape the unfolding violence.
  • Dhaka has resisted urgent international appeals to open its border to avert a humanitarian crisis, instead telling Myanmar it must do more to prevent the stateless Rohingya minority from entering.
Myanmar is carrying out ethnic cleansing Rohingya

Myanmar is Carrying Out Ethnic Cleansing Rohingya

Myanmar is carrying out ethnic cleansing Rohingya

  • It is very difficult for the Bangladeshi government to say the border is open because this would further encourage the government of Myanmar to continue the atrocities and push them out until they have achieved their ultimate goal of ethnic cleansing of the Muslim minority in Myanmar.
  • This is not the first time such claims have made against Myanmar.
  • Troops killed at least 300 men in the village market and gang-raped dozens of women before setting fire to around 300 houses, Muslim-owned shops and the mosque where he served as imam.
  • Bangladesh border guards have intensified patrols. Coast guards have deployed extra ships. They have stopped around a thousand Rohingya at the border.
  • Myanmar’s military has denied burning villages and even blamed the Rohingya themselves.

Myanmar’s Democratic Transition

  • The government has blamed the raids on Rohingya militants and a search for the culprits has seen more than 30 people killed and dozens arrested.
  • Stories of grave abuse by security officers – including sexual violence, summary executions and the torching of villages – have spiralled on social media but are difficult to verify with the army barring rights groups and journalists from the remote region bordering Bangladesh.
  • Security is taken very seriously and rescue team is very careful about being safe.
  • It would mark a troubling development in a religiously split region where the stateless Rohingya have languished under years of repression but so far shown little interest in jihadist ideology.
  • Many in Buddhist-majority Myanmar insist the Rohingya are illegal immigrants from Bangladesh and oppose any moves to grant their citizenship.

Rohingya People

  • The Rohingya people are Muslim Indo-Aryan peoples from the Rakhine State, Myanmar.
  • They are indigenous to Rakhine State, while other historians claim that they migrated to Myanmar from Bengal primarily during the period of British rule in Burma and to a lesser extent, following Burmese independence in 1948 and the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.
  • International media and human rights organizations have often described Rohingyas as one of the most persecuted minorities in the world.
  • While origin of that term with relation to the United Nations is still unclear.

History

  • Although Muslim settlements have existed for a long time in Arakan.
  • The original settlers before the British rule are assumed to be few.
  • After four decades of British rule in 1869, Muslim settlers reached 5% of Arakan’s population.
  • The number steadily increased until World War II.

- Published/Last Modified on: November 26, 2016

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