Competitive Exams: Current Affairs 2011: China-Africa Ties

China-Africa Ties

  • China's relations with Africa cover all facets political, defence, economic and other areas of cooperation. Shared perceptions on regional and international issues have been highlighted repeatedly. The growing China link has helped put a global focus on Africa. Similarly, relations with Africa help China to project itself as a global power.

  • China-Africa trade, valued at $10 billion in 2000, shot up to $107 billion in 2008. China, to a large extent, imports minerals and crude oil, and exports manufactured goods. Currently, China imports over 20 per cent of its oil requirements from Africa. Over 1, 600 Chinese companies have investment or an operational presence on the continent today

  • The China in AfricA'phenomenon has triggered conflicting reactions and assessments. Supporters have argued that China's approach is to promote mutual benefit and a balance of advantages.

  • On the other hand, critics have argued that China is an exploitative ‘and extractive’ mercantilist power with its own neo-colonialist inclinations.

  • Perhaps the truth lies somewhere between the two positions. It may largely depend on how an African government manages to enhance benefits and reduce harmful effects. The India angle

  • India's relations with Africa have been deeper, stronger and more substantive for long.

  • However, in recent years, the gap between India's and China's profile in Africa has been widening, to our disadvantage.

  • A balanced view indicates that India should leverage its many natural advantages and core strengths.

  • It is time for India to enhance its engagement wisely and rapidly. A sustained combination of greater activism, sensitivity and synergy is essential.

Courtesy: The Hindu and Times of India