Policies & Governance: Point-Wise Current-Affairs/GS Articles 2020 (Including PIB)- Download PDF

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  • Jun 25, 2020
  • 1 22nd Law Commission [ Policy/Governance ]

    22nd Law Commission

    • The Union cabinet approved the creation of 22nd law commission.

    • The term of 21st law commission ended in August, 2019.

    • The new panel will have a term of three years and it will be notified by the law ministry.

    • The law commission advises the government on c

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  • 2 COVID- 19 Battle [ Policy/Governance ]

    COVID- 19 Battle

    • To fight with the epidemic Finance Minister has suggested measures to augment the funds.

    • To deal with COVID-19 (Novel Coronavirus Disease), the Finance Minister has suggested that District Mineral Fund should be utilized by the states.

    • Finance Minister also an

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  • Jun 11, 2020
  • 1 UPSC Plans to Merge CAPF Recruitment to Civil Services Recruitment [ Policy/Governance, Defense ]

    The central government is planning to bring major changes in the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) recruitment. As per the proposal the CAPF exam will be merged with Civil services examination.

    Overview

    • The group ‘A’ executive cadre officers were granted the status of Organise

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  • Jun 2, 2020
  • 1 Bioinformatics and Cyber Security [ Education, Policy/Governance, Computers & ICT ]

    Bioinformatics

    • An interdisciplinary field.

    • Develops methods and software tools for understanding biological data.

    • Application of Bioinformatics to biological, medical and health research.

    • It can provide personalized instruction and enable students to learn at their own pace.

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  • 2 Cognitive Cloud Computing, Angular and React and Intelligent Apps (I – Apps) [ Education, Policy/Governance, Computers & ICT ]

    An extended ecosystem of traditional Cloud and Cognitive Computing. The next big evolution in the IT industry.

    • Converses in human languages.

    • Helps in better decision making thereby understanding the complexities of Big Data.

    • IBM, Microsoft, Google and Cisco have already start

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  • 3 IoT or Internet of Things and Robotic Process Automation [ Education, Policy/Governance, Computers & ICT ]

    IoT or Internet of Things

    Interlinking of digital services with people, machines and appliances. This interlinking is done through wireless networks.

    • To be used as a part of Digital India Mission by the government of India.

    • A draft policy has already been published the Departm

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  • 4 Deep Learning and Blockchain [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Deep Learning

    Involves building computer programs. A subset of machine learning.

    • Uses some machine learning techniques to solve real-world problems.

    • Mimics the structure of animal brains.

    • For data processing, many layers of artificial neurons are used.

    • Can be used to transcr

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  • 5 Mihir and Quantum Computing [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Mihir: High Performance Computing

    High performance computer system (HPC) or supercomputer Mihir (meaning Sun). National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), Noida.

    • Will provide facility for improving weather/climate forecasts.

    • Mihir is India’s largest HPC faci

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  • Jun 1, 2020
  • 1 CERT and Pratyush: Developments in 2020 [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    CERT

    • An acronym for Indian Computer Emergency Response Team.

    • Functions under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.

    • Primary role is to raise security awareness among Indian cyber community.

    • To provide technical assistance.

    • Advise them to help them recover fr

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  • 2 Vidyanjali and National Repository of Open Educational Resources (NROER) [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Vidyanjali

    To strengthen the co-scholastic activities in government schools. Involve volunteers from different walks of life.

    • Is being implemented under the overall aegis of the Samagra Shiksha.

    • Enhance the community involvement in Government schools.

    • Effectively engage child

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  • 3 ARIIA and PISA: 2020 Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements and Programme for International Student Assessment [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    ARIIA

    Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements. Considers all major indicators which are commonly used globally.

    • To rank most innovative education institutions/universities in the world.

    • Will focus on quality of innovations.

    • Will try to measure the real impact

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  • 4 NIRF 2019 Rankings [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Top 5 Engineering Institutions in India-2019:

    • Indian Institute of Technology, Madras

    • Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi

    • Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay

    • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

    • Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur

    Top 5 Universities:

    • Indian Insti

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  • 5 Imprint and NIRF- the National Institutional Ranking Framework [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Imprint

    Flagship schemes of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD). Launched in November, 2015.

    • Impacting Research, Innovation and Technology (IMPRINT).

    • A pan-IIT and IISc joint collaboration.

    • To develop a blueprint for research of immediate relevance to society.

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  • May 28, 2020
  • 1 Olabs for Schools and Dictionary of Martyrs of India’s Freedom Struggle [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Olabs for Schools

    Lab experiments can be taught using the Internet, more efficiently and less expensively. These labs can also be made available to students with no access to physical labs.

    • Helps students in competing with the students in better equipped schools thereby bridgin

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  • 2 Ericsson Report: The Changing Mobile Broadband Landscape and Loon for All-Internet for Everyone [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Ericsson Report: The Changing Mobile Broadband Landscape

    • While accessing internet across several locations, over 60 % mobile users in India are facing network problems.

    • The quality and reliability issues are being faced by the people depending upon the locations.

    • The reliabili

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  • 3 Typing in Indian Regional Languages: Government Programs in 2020- Essential for Net Neutrality [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Using the Phonetic Keyboard

    • Quillpad & lipikaar is a free online typing tool in Indian languages.

    • Translit eration technologies according to pre-defined rules are supported.

    • A translit eration technology is one that allows users to type words as they would casually do such as

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  • 4 Bhasha Sangam Initiative and Apache OpenOffice Writer [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Bhasha Sangam Initiative

    The Bhasha Sangam initiative under the “Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat”. To provide multilingual exposure to students in Indian languages listed in Schedule VIII of the Constitution of India.

    • All CBSE heads have been suggested by the Ministry of Human Resou

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  • May 26, 2020
  • 1 Joyful Saturday Initiative of Rajasthan Government [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Rajasthan Government. To create an environment to learn without burden for the students of Class I to XII of government schools.

    • Initiative is part of the Samgra Shiksha Abhiyan (SMSA).

    To cultivate values in the students and enhance their creativity by conducting activities li

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  • 2 Pota Cabins and Pratibha Parv: Residential Schools for Children in LWE Affected Areas [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Pota Cabins

    Residential schools for children in LWE affected areas of Chhattisgarh. An innovative educational initiative for building schools with impermanent materials like bamboo and plywood in Chhattisgarh.

    • This initiative has helped reduce the number of out-of-school childr

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  • 3 Multiple Intelligence: Howard Gardner’s Psychological Theory about People and Their Intelligences [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Is Howard Gardner’s psychological theory about people and their different types of intelligences (logical, visual, musical etc).

    There are seven intelligences:

    • Visual/Spatial Intelligence

    • Verbal/Linguistic Intelligence

    • Logical/Mathematical Intelligence

    • Bodily/Kinesthetic Intel

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  • 4 Diskha-National Teacher Platform and Online Assessment-Saransh [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Diskha-National Teacher Platform

    An initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. A state-of-the-art platform built to host Open Educational Resources (OER).

    • Tools for Teachers in Schools, Teacher Educators in Teacher Education Institutes (TEIs)

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  • 5 Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning Domains [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    The cognitive domain (Bloom, 1956). Involves knowledge and the development of intellectual skills.

    Cognitive Domain: Mental Skills (Knowledge)

    • Includes the recall or recognition of specific facts, procedural patterns, and concepts that serve in the development of intellectual a

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  • May 25, 2020
  • 1 Teachers, Teaching and ICTs [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Importance of traditional teacher leadership skills and practices. Lesson planning is important while using ICTs.

    Pedagogy

    • Introducing technology alone will not change the teaching and learning process.

    • ICTs seen as tools to help teachers create more ‘learner-centric’ learning

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  • 2 School Health Programme [ Education, Policy/Governance, Health ]

    Two teachers, preferably one male and one female, in every school designated as “Health and Wellness Ambassadors”. Training to transact health promotion and disease prevention information in the form of interesting activities for one hour every week. Every Tuesday may be dedicate

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  • 3 Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme and EQUIP [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme

    The Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme: DHRUV. Started by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. To identify and encourage talented children to enrich their skills and knowledge.

    • Children will be mentored and nurtured

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  • 4 Atal Innovation Mission and School Education Shagun [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Atal Innovation Mission

    A flagship initiative set up by the NITI Aayog. To promote innovation and entrepreneurship across the length and breadth of the country.

    Objectives

    • To create and promote an ecosystem of innovation and entrepreneurship across the country.

    • School, univers

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  • 5 Swachh Vidyalaya Puraskar: Eligibility and Criteria for Evaluation, Categories of Awards, Application [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. Launched in 2016. To recognize, inspire and celebrate excellence in sanitation and hygiene practice in schools. To honour schools that have undertaken significant steps towards fulfilling the mandate of the Swachh Vidya

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  • 6 Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prizes [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Prize for Science and Technology. Instituted in the year 1957. In the memory of late Dr (Sir) Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar, the founder director of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). CSIR aims at recognising outstanding Indian work in Science and Technology.

    Aw

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  • May 22, 2020
  • 1 Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    DHRUV has been started by Ministry of Human Resource Development. To identify and encourage talented children to enrich their skills and knowledge. Children will be mentored and nurtured by renowned experts in different areas in centres of excellence across the country.

    Benefits

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  • 2 Impress Scheme: Objectives, Eligibility and Application [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Impactful Policy Research in Social Science (IMPRESS). An initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India.

    • Is being implemented by the Indian Council of Social Science Research.

    • Aims to encourage social science research in policy relevant areas.

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  • 3 UGC (Online Courses) Regulations, Regulations Provide 2018 [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Meeting held on 24th May, 2018.

    Higher Educational Institutions can now offer:

    • Certificate

    • Diploma and Degree Programmes in full-fledged online mode

    • In line with their regular programs

    Overall Regulations Provide

    • Enabling provisions for maintaining sanctity of admissions.

    • T

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  • 4 Government Steps Against Ragging: Committee under Dr. R K Raghavan, Director CBI [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    The anti-ragging campaign got an impetus in 1999. The Hon’ble Supreme Court. In response to a PIL filed by the Vishwa Jagriti Mission, asked the University Grants Commission (UGC) to issue guidelines to universities to curb ragging. Formation of a four membered committee by the U

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  • 5 Samagra Shiksha and Anti-Ragging Policies [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    An overarching programme for the school education sector. Extension from pre-school to class 12.

    Samagra Shiksha

    • Subsumes the three Schemes of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE).

    Objectives

    • Quality education and e

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  • May 20, 2020
  • 1 Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) Policies and Schemes [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA)

    • A Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS).

    • Launched in 2013.

    • Aims at providing strategic funding to eligible state higher educational institutions.

    Objectives

    • Improving the overall quality of state institutions.

    • Ensure reforms in the af

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  • 2 Highlights, Parameters Covered, Significance, China’s BRI, BRI Vs Blue Dot, US’s Foreign Policy [ Policy/Governance ]

    Blue Dot Network is a multi-stakeholder initiative for global infrastructure development. This network was formally announced on 4th Nov, 2019 at the Indo-Pacific Business Forum in Bangkok, Thailand.

    This initiative is being led by the United States along with Japan and Australi

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  • May 18, 2020
  • 1 Uighurs in China: Atrocities and Details [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    A Turkic minority ethnic group. One of the 56 recognized ethnic groups in China. Mostly Muslims. Recognized as native to the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China.

    • Uyghur is an official language of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region formerly known a

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  • May 9, 2020
  • 1 Jal Shakti Campaign is Taking Success Strides: Water Conservation [ Policy/Governance ]

    On 26th January, 2020, in Mann ki baat the Prime Minister of India talked about the successful strides made by Jal Shakti Campaign. He gave the example of Jalore district of Rajasthan where two step wells have been rejuvenated by people participation.

    • Saarahi Lake in Barabanki,

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  • May 8, 2020
  • 1 No Election Tickets for Candidates with Criminal Background [ Policy/Governance ]

    The Election Commission of India has told the apex court that its 2018 directions regarding declaration of criminal antecedents by the candidates has not been successful in curbing the criminalization of politics. The poll panel has rather suggested that Supreme Court should ask

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  • May 2, 2020
  • 1 One Nation One Card [ Policy/Governance ]

    One nation one ration card scheme will allow portability of food security benefits. Under the initiative eligible beneficiaries would be able to avail their entitled food grains under NFSA from any Fair Price Shop in the country using the same ration card.

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  • Apr 30, 2020
  • 1 Right Issues: Maratha Reservation, Waqf Properties [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    Maratha Reservation

    Maharashtra government’s law on reservation for Marathas has been recently upheld by the Bombay High Court. The law proposed reservation benefits in education and public employment on the Maratha community. Creation of a group called Socially and Educationally

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  • 2 Official Secrets Act, Rafale Deal Case [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    Official Secrets Act

    Stolen documents’in Rafale case. Imperative to understand the Official Secrets Act (OSA).

    Key Features

    • Spying or espionage which is dealt with in Section 3 of the Act.

    • Disclosure of other secret information of the government which is dealt with in Section

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  • 3 The Union: Privilege Motion [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Breach of privilege motion was moved against PM and Defence Minister. Misleading of the Parliament on the Rafale fighter jet deal issue. The members of Parliament, individually and collectively can enjoy certain rights and immunities.

    • Enables them to effectively discharge their

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  • Apr 29, 2020
  • 1 Lateral Entry, Anti-Surveillance Laws, NPE (Language), Strengthening Civil Societies [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Launch of lateral entry of joint secretaries by the Union government. A measure of reform in bureaucracy.

    Role of IAS Officers in Governance

    • Selected through the Civil Services Examination (CSE) conducted by the UPSC.

    • IAS officer’s explicit approval is required for functioning

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  • 2 Elections: Usage of VVPATs and ETPBS in Elections and Electoral Bonds Case [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    VVPAT

    Voter verifiable paper audit trial (VVPAT) is an independent system attached to an EVM. Allows the voters to verify that their votes are cast as intended. A slip is printed on the VVPAT printer containing the serial number, name and symbol of the candidate voted as soon as

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  • Apr 28, 2020
  • 1 Drones Policy and Regulations by DGCA [ Policy/Governance, Disaster Management ]

    Drafted by the Ministry of Civil Aviation. Came into effect from December 1,2018. Drone Regulations 1.0 clarifies where, when and how drones can operate within India.

    National Drones Policy-Drone Regulations 1.0

    • With this new policy coming into effect, flying drones or remotely

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  • Apr 26, 2020
  • 1 Government Policies /Interventions: Draft Indian Forest Act, 2019, Anti-Maritime Piracy Bill, UNCLOS [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Forest Act

    Recently released by the Union government. Proposal of an overhaul of the Indian Forest Act, 1927. Indian Forest Act, 1927 was imposed by the British rulers to take over Indian forests.

    Draft Indian Forest Act, 2019

    • Forest officials could govern areas declared as for

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  • Apr 24, 2020
  • 1 US President on Golan Heights [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Backing Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights by the United States. Seized from Syria in 1967.

    Significance

    • President of the US decided to recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

    • To move the US Embassy to the city.

    • Welcomed by the Israel.

    • Offensive to Palestinians

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  • 2 Libyan Crisis and Need of the Peace Talk [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    A peace initiative. By the Tripoli based government of Libya.

    Need of the Peace Talk

    • Attempts by Mr Haftar led LNA to oust the government of Mr. al-Sarraj (GNA) and to capture Tripoli.

    • Favorable view taken by the United States.

    • Aimed at stabilizing the war torn country.

    The

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  • 3 US Government’s Response - Swiss EU treaty, Brexit, [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    American investigating agencies cracked down two IT staffing companies running “bench-and-switch” scheme. Arrest of four Indian-Americans. The perpetrators face a maximum potential penalty of 5 years in prison and a $250,000 fine.

    Swiss-EU Treaty

    • A battle in the share trading b

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  • Apr 20, 2020
  • 1 India at SCO Summit and Indo-US COMCASA Agreement [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    To attend the SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organisation) summit as a full member. Both India and Pakistan became part of the grouping last year which was finalized at the summit held in Astana, Kazakhstan. Under the SCO Summit India enjoys an opportunity to showcase the kind of powe

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  • Apr 18, 2020
  • 1 Approval on Kartarpur Corridor and Status of Rohingyas [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Kartarpur Corridor

    Approved by the Cabinet. To enable smooth passage of pilgrims willing to visit Pakistan’s Kartarpur Sahib. Kartarpur Gurudwara stands on the bank of River Ravi, about 120 km northeast of Lahore.

    • Kartarpur Sahib is also supposed to be Guru Nanak’s final restin

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  • Apr 10, 2020
  • 1 Government Interventions - Surrogacy Regulation Bill 2016 [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Practice where a woman agrees to give birth to a baby. Usually by artificial insemination or surgical implantation. On behalf of another couple.

    Surrogacy (Regulation Bill), 2016

    • Surrogacy is a $2.3 billion industry across India annually.

    • Lack of regulation and poverty.

    Repo

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  • Apr 9, 2020
  • 1 New E-Commerce Policy and Draft National Education Policy 2019 [ Policy/Governance ]

    New e-Commerce Policy

    • Inter-ministerial task force-Constituting a new e-commerce policy has submitted its report to the government.

    • To define e-commerce, strengthen FDI laws in the sector, address regulatory and competition issues and customer concerns.

    Expected Belief of the

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