Science & Technology: Point-Wise Current-Affairs/GS Articles 2020 (Including PIB)- Download PDF

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  • Apr 8, 2020
  • 1 AYUSH: Sowa-Rigpa - Practiced Locations, Infrastructure in India, Origin, Training and Education, National Institute [ Education, Science/Technology, Health, Agriculture/Agro Industries ]

    SOWA-RIGPA

    • Ministry of Ayush.

    • One of the oldest, living and well documented medical tradition of the world.

    • Derived from Bhoti language which means ‘Knowledge of Healing’.

    • Commonly known as Amchi system of medicine.

    • Practice of Sowa-Rigpa is similar to “Ayurveda

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  • 2 Global Seed Vault: Global Crop Diversity Trust, Need, Storage, Permafrost, Threat [ Science/Technology ]

    Global Seed Vault or Svalbard Global Seed Vault

    • It is a secure seed bank.

    • Backup of the backups.

    • Lies 360 feet inside of the 1,500-foot Plataberget mountain in Nordenskiöld Land on the island of Spitsbergen in Svalbard, Norway.

    • Svalbard is a Norwegian archipelago in

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  • 3 Arsenic Contamination: Forms, Uses, Threats, Arsenicosis, Arsenic Levels, Biomarkers [ Science/Technology, Environment/Ecology ]

    Arsenic

    • A chemical element with the symbol As and atomic number 33 atomic mass of 74.92.

    • It is a metalloid.

    • Occurs in many minerals usually in combination with sulfur and metals.

    • Toxic to almost all life forms.

    • Naturally present at high levels in the groundwater

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  • Mar 28, 2020
  • 1 Malware Infection Kundankulam Nuclear Plant [ Science/Technology, Defense ]

    Nuclear installations and sites have been a prime target of both espionage and sabotage operations. Around 23 cyber incidents at nuclear facilities have been enlisted by NTI (Nuclear Threat Initiative) over the last three decades.

    Multitude of Threat Actors and Vectors

    • Software

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  • Mar 20, 2020
  • 1 Dark Net, DDOS Attack, National Common Mobility Card (NCMC) and Earth BioGenome Project [ Science/Technology ]

    A computer network with restricted access. Used chiefly for illegal peer-to-peer file sharing. Also refers to networks that are not indexed by search engines such as Google, Yahoo or Bing. Only available to a select group of people and not to the general internet public. Only acc

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  • 2 Sunspots, Solar Tsunami and Lifi [ Science/Technology ]

    Temporary phenomena on the Sun’s photosphere. Appear as spots darker than the surrounding areas. Regions of reduced surface temperature. Caused by concentrations of magnetic field flux that inhibits convection. Usually appear in pairs of opposite magnetic polarity.

    • Number varies

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  • 3 EU Ruling on Gene Editing and IT and Computers [ Science/Technology ]

    The European Court of Justice. Organisms obtained by mutagenesis are also GMOs. Within the meaning of the GMO Directive.

    Gene Editing

    • Editing of the organism’s native genome.

    • CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) a gene editing technology.

    • CRISPR-

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  • 4 Tribolelectric Nanogenerators - Wireless Transmission of Electrical Energy and MediPix Technology [ Science/Technology ]

    First time wireless transmission of electrical energy has been achieved. Key components-nanowires. Nanogenerator-A small electronic chip that harvests mechanical energy and converts it into electrical energy.

    Triboelectric effect- a type of contact electrification.

    Applications

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  • 5 National Policy on Electronics 2019 and 3D Printed Skin [ Science/Technology ]

    Approval given by the Union government. Replaces the National Policy of Electronics 2012 (NPE 2012). Proposed by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). Aims to position India as a global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM). Formulat

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  • Mar 19, 2020
  • 1 Optical Tweezers, Chirped Pulse Amplification and Thermal Battery Plant [ Science/Technology ]

    Optical tweezers grab particles, atoms, viruses and other living cells with their laser beam fingers. Invented by Arthur Ashkin. Tool allowed Ashkin to realise an old dream of science fiction – using the radiation pressure of light to move physical objects. Ashkin succeeded in ge

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  • 2 NETRA, Agni V and Hyperloop Technology [ Science/Technology ]

    First indigenously built Airborne Early Warning and Control System (AEW&CS). Developed by DRDO. A light-weight autonomous UAV for long range surveillance and reconnaissance operations. Radar system is also mounted on Embraer aircraft which gives 240-degree coverage of airspace. H

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  • 3 BOLD-QIT, INS Arihant and Digital Sky Platform [ Science/Technology ]

    BOLD-QIT (Border Electronically Dominated QRT Interception Technique). Under CIBMS (Comprehensive Integrated Border Management system). On India-Bangladesh border in Assam will be launched soon. Project to install technical systems under the CIBMS.

    • Enables Border Security Force

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  • 4 International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) and APSARA – U [ Science/Technology ]

    The world’s largest experimental fusion facility is in France. Most complex science project in human history started in 2010. Use of hydrogen fusion, controlled by superconducting magnets, to produce massive heat energy. Nuclear fusion facility- An international cooperation among

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  • 5 YUVIKA and PM-STIAC [ Science/Technology ]

    A special programme residential training program for School Children called ―Young Scientist Programme-YUvaVIgyaniKAryakram. Primarily aimed at imparting basic knowledge on Space Technology, Space Science and Space Applications to the younger ones. Intent of arousing their intere

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  • 6 Liquid Water Lake in Mars and Unnati: Primary Objectives [ Science/Technology ]

    Expected to facilitate a better understanding on the likely presence of life on Mars. A lake stretching for 20-km. An 11-member Italian team of researchers surveyed the Planum Australe region, or the southern polar plains of Mars. Use of Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ion

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  • 7 Vikas Engine and Oumuamua Comet Discovery [ Science/Technology ]

    A family of liquid fuelled rocket engines. Powers India’s launch vehicles PSLV and GSLV. Improving the payload capability of PSLV, GSLV and GSLV Mk-III launch vehicles. Used in second stage of PSLV which consists of four stages in its operation (Solid-Liquid-Solid-Liquid) and in

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  • Mar 17, 2020
  • 1 First Hyper Spectral Imaging Satellite and Draft Space Activities Bill, 2017 [ Science/Technology ]

    HysIS is an earth observation satellite, weighing about 380 kg. Configured around ISRO’s Mini Satellite-2 (IMS-2) bus. Aim is to study the earth’s surface in the visible, near infrared and shortwave infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Mission life of about 5 years.

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  • 2 GSAT-7A Launch - GSLV-F11 and ISRO-Chandrayaan-2 Mission [ Science/Technology ]

    GSAT-7A with GSLV-F11 (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicles). Launched by ISRO.

    GSAT-7A

    • Close to the intended orbit- GSLV-F11 injected GSAT-7A into a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO).

    • An advanced communication satellite.

    • A Gregorian Antenna and other new technologies.

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  • 3 Supercomputer: Param Shivay, Space, GSLV MK III [ Science/Technology ]

    SpiNNaker machine -Spiking Neural Network Architecture is capable of completing more than 200 million actions per second. Each of its chips is having 100 million transistors. Designed and built in The University of Manchester in the UK. SpiNNaker mimics the massively parallel com

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  • 4 Research on CMB Radiation and National Supercomputing Mission [ Science/Technology ]

    Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation in Timbaktu village. Weak electromagnetic radiation from the early universe. This radiation comes from the objects that are observed in the universe, like stars or galaxies, it comes from things that are not formed yet.

    Research Signif

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  • 5 India’s Manned Mission to Space and Mission Shakti - Anti-Satellite Missile Test [ Science/Technology ]

    Announcement by the Indian Space Research Organisation. Gaganyaan Mission. To be a reality by 2022. First set of astronauts to be identified from the Indian Air Force. India would become the fourth nation to launch a Human Spaceflight Mission after USA, Russia and China.

    Works i

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  • Mar 16, 2020
  • 1 Achievements of Indians and Indigenisation of Technology [ Science/Technology ]

    Exoplanets are the celestial bodies orbiting stars outside the solar system in clearly defined elliptical paths. Habitability of exo-planets- Mainly based on its distance from its star (the planet should be neither too hot nor too cold). Indian Scientists have been trying since 2

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  • 2 LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory) and Discovery of Fast Radio Burst [ Science/Technology ]

    Detection of gravitational waves in 2015 by the Scientific Collaboration. Recent announcement regarding publishing a detailed explanation of how it analyses the noise in its detectors.

    2015 Discovery

    • Gravitational waves are ripples in the fabric of space-time.

    • Arises from the m

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  • 3 Green Propellants and Upgrade to Large Hadron Collider – CERN [ Science/Technology ]

    Green Propellants

    • Getting developed by ISRO.

    • Use in future rocket & satellite propulsion systems.

    • An eco-friendly solid propellant.

    • To eliminate the emission of chlorinated exhaust products from rocket.

    • Propellants are based on Glycidyl Azide Polymer (GAP) as fuel and Ammoniu

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  • 4 Developments and Their Applications and Effects in Everyday Life [ Science/Technology ]

    Change in ‘Kilogram’ Definition

    • Redefinition of the International system of units (SI).

    • Seven fundamental units.

    • Based on unchanging properties of nature.

    • These are the second (time), the metre (distance), and the candela (luminous intensity, a measure for light’s brightness).

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  • Mar 2, 2020
  • 1 Fast Track Court for Rape Cases [ Science/Technology, Health ]

    Government of India has asked to setup 1023 Fast track courts in the country. Their main function is to trail dispose of rape cases and cases under Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act. The total estimated cost to set up FTCs is about Rs. 767.25 crore. It has b

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  • Feb 24, 2020
  • 1 CSIR Developed Anti-Diabetes Medicine [ Science/Technology, Health ]

    Council of Scientific and Industrial Research has developed a scientifically validated herbal product NBRMAP-DB as anti-diabetic formulation. This formulation is effective in treating type 2 diabetes.

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  • Feb 14, 2020
  • 1 Telecom Industry Did No Research on Health Impacts of 5G’, Harmful Effects of 5-G Technology [ Science/Technology, Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    India plans to launch trails for 5G trials in 2020. The fifth generation wireless network is 50 times faster than its predecessor 4G.

    Overview

    • The 5G networks when integrated with satellites will open the way for new application

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  • 2 Skills Build Platform [ Education, Science/Technology ]

    Recently the government has developed is a digital platform. The digital platform focuses on holistic learning of the child. Also it has been aligned with Skill India initiative by the government of India.

    Overview

    • India is the 4th

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  • Feb 12, 2020
  • 1 A Rare Transit of Mercury [ IAS Upd. ]

    November 11-Mercury skipped the vast, glaring face of the sun. A rare celestial transit. Planet Mercury Facts, Nearly tidally locked to the Sun. Known as a gravitational lock also. Rotation of the planet has been slowed down to match its orbit around the Sun.

    For notes and so

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  • Feb 5, 2020
  • 1 Double trouble: A drug for alcoholism can also treat cancer by targeting macrophages [ Science/Technology ]

    A drug for alcoholism can also treat cancer by targeting macrophages: New research presents a first-of-its-kind cancer treatment strategy that targets a pro-tumor protein FROUNT and suppresses tumor-associated macrophages.

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  • Feb 4, 2020
  • 1 Arctic Emergency [ Science/Technology ]

    Arctic Emergency refers to the surface air that is being warmed at twice the global rate. It has been observed that the over the last five years temperatures in the Arctic have exceeded all the records since 1990. The rapidly melting of sea ice has resulted in in the oceans absor

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  • Jan 2, 2020
  • 1 National Institute of Design Amendment Bill, 2019 (NIDAB) [ Science/Technology, Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    National Institute of Design (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was introduced in Rajya Sabha by the Minister of Commerce and Industry on July 2019 to declare 4 National Institutes of Design as Institutions of National Importance. In the last 60 years, the parliament declared 141 institution

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  • 2 Integrated Coastal Zone Management Program [ Science/Technology, Environment/Ecology ]

    The pollution which is created by the humans at the coastal areas making beaches dirty and the oceans are filling with pollution. To address these issues, the integrated coastal zone management program was launched. It is working under the Ministry of Environment Forest and Clima

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  • Dec 23, 2019
  • 1 Global Bio-India Summit [ Science/Technology, Environment/Ecology, Agriculture/Agro Industries ]

    First Global Bio-India Summit-2019 was organized in New Delhi from 21st to 23rd November, 2019. This Summit was organized by the Department of Biotechnology under the Ministry of Science and Technology and co-organized by the Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council. Th

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  • Nov 29, 2019
  • 1 Dhanush Artillery Guns [ Science/Technology, Defense ]

    Dhanush is the first indigenous long range artillery gun introduced in the Indian army on 4th November, 2019. It was manufactured by the Jabalpur based Gun Carriage Factory. Indian Army which began inducting the indigenously upgraded Dhanush artillery guns entire order of 114 gun

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  • Nov 27, 2019
  • 1 Real Time Train Information System (RTIS) [ Science/Technology, Railways ]

    Real Time Information System is a significant step of the Indian Railways that will help in monitoring precise speeds and movements of the trains throughout the journey right from the starting position to the destination. Nearly 500 passenger locomotives of the South Central Rail

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  • Nov 15, 2019
  • 1 Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) Technology Part 2 [ Science/Technology ]

    AIP is a marine propulsion technology which access non-nuclear submarine to operate without access to atmospheric oxygen. On 30th Oct 2019, DRDO tested a land based prototype of an Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) for submarine.

    Needs and Its Significance to India

    • DRDO developed

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  • Nov 6, 2019
  • 1 Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) Technology [ Science/Technology ]

    AIP is a marine propulsion technology which access non-nuclear submarine to operate without access to atmospheric oxygen. On 30th Oct 2019, DRDO tested a land based prototype of an Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) for submarine. The prototype operation at the naval materials rese

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  • Oct 31, 2019
  • 1 MoU Signed Between ISRO and DRDO to Provide Technologies for Human Space Mission [ Science/Technology ]

    In a significant development in the field of Space and Technology, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) signed Memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) to provide technologies for development of human centric systems for Hum

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  • 2 Inauguration of 50 Kilowatt “Gandhi Solar Park” at UN Headquarters [ Science/Technology, International Relations/Organizations ]

    The Prime Minister of India inaugurated a 50 kilowatt ‘Gandhi Solar Park’ at the Headquarters of United Nations (UN) on 24th September 2019. The solar park was inaugurated at UN Headquarters New York City during a special commemorative event that celebrated the 150th anniversary

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  • Oct 15, 2019
  • 1 Su-30 MKI Successfully Tested Astra’ Air-to-Air Missile [ Science/Technology, Defense ]

    In a significant development in the field of Defence and Technology, an indigenous air-to-air missile ‘ASTRA’ has been successfully flight tested off the coast of Odisha on 16th September 2019. As a part of user trial, the beyond-visual-range missile was launched from Sukhoi-30 M

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  • Oct 14, 2019
  • 1 A New Species Cryodrakon Boreas Identified [ Science/Technology, Environment/Ecology ]

    A new species named Cryodrakon Boreas has been identified by the Paleontologists in Western Canada. This species is believed to have flown over the heads of dinosaurs. Paleontologists are the person who studies fossil animals and plants. The Cryodrakon boreas has a wingspan of 10

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  • 2 Deployment of 300 Drones for Mapping the Country [ Science/Technology, Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    For the very first time the Survey of India (SOI) will use about 300 drones to map the country. The Survey of India is responsible for mapping and surveying entire country. The Survey of India is affiliated to the Department of Science and Technology (DST).

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  • Oct 9, 2019
  • 1 Blackest of All Materials Created by MIT Engineers [ Science/Technology, International Relations/Organizations ]

    A material being claimed to be 10 times blacker than anything has been created by the Engineers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). The material has been created from a vertically aligned carbon nanotubes, or CNTs microscopic filaments of carbon that the team grew

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  • Oct 4, 2019
  • 1 ISRO Wants Chandrayaan 2 to Land on Moon’S South Pole [ Science/Technology ]

    In a significant development towards the field of Space and Technology, ISRO’s Chandrayaan 2 successfully entered into Moon’s orbit on 20 August 2019. The next target of ISRO is to make Chandrayaan 2 landing on the South Pole of the Moon. Chandrayaan 2 was launched on 22 July 201

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  • Oct 3, 2019
  • 1 National Genomic Grid to Be Set Up for India-Specific Cancer Research [ Science/Technology, Health ]

    In a significant development towards Health and Family Welfare so as to take cancer research to the next level and make treatment viable for people of different economic classes, the Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare announced to set up a National Genomic Grid. The Gen

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