Science & Technology: Point-Wise Current-Affairs/GS Articles 2018 (Including PIB)- Download PDF

  • Sep 11, 2017
  • 1 PSLV-C39 Flight Carrying IRNSS-1H Navigation Satellite Unsuccessful [ Sci-Tech ]

    The forty first flight of India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C39), conducted on August 31st 2017 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota, was unsuccessful. Now with satellite inside the heat shield resulted in the unsuccessful mission.

    PSLV-C39 Flight Carrying IRNSS-1H Navigation Satellite

    PSLV-C39 Flight Carrying IRNSS-1H Navigation Satellite

    PSLV-C39 Flight Carrying IRNSS-1H Navigation Satellite

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  • Sep 8, 2017
  • 1 Largest Volcanic Region on Earth Under Antarctica [ Sci-Tech ]

    Scientists have uncovered the largest volcanic region on Earth two kilometers below the surface ice sheets covering West-Antarctica. Found almost 100 volcanoes with the highest as tall as the Eiger stands at almost 4, 000 m in Switzerland.

    Image of Landsat Mosaic of Antarctica (LIMA) Project

    Image of Landsat Mosaic of Antarctica (LIMA) Project

    Image of Landsat Mosaic of Antarctica (LIMA) Project

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  • Sep 6, 2017
  • 1 🌟 Editing the Genes of Human Embryos: Moral Issues (Important) [ Sci-Tech ]

    Oregon Health and Science University scientists’ successfully edited genes of human embryos correcting defective DNA that can cause inherited diseases. They used the CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing technology to alter single-cell human embryos allowing specific sections of DNA to be a

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  • 2 🌟 Distribution of Methane Hydrate- Methane Hydrate Under South China Sea Exploited (Important) [ Sci-Tech ]

    China was successfully in producing natural gas from methane hydrate in the South China Sea (SCS) - total of 309, 000 cubic meters of natural gas was produced from gas hydrate in 60 days. India also has rich deposits of methane hydrates.

    Image shows Occurrences of Methane Hydrates in orange color

    Image Shows Occurrences of Methane Hydrates in Orange Color

    Image shows Occurrences of Methane Hydrates in orange color

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  • 3 🌟 2014-2017 Achievements in Space Sector (Important) [ Sci-Tech ]

    During the last three years (June 2014 to June 2017), Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has successfully accomplished 41 missions, which includes 19 launch vehicle missions, 19 satellite missions and 3 technology demonstrator missions. India is in top six space faring nat

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  • 4 🌟 Food and Seed Irradiations (Important) [ Sci-Tech ]

    Radiation in agriculture is used for developing improved varieties of seeds increasing the GDP of the country. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) is using radiation-induced mutagenesis along with cross breeding to develop several varieties of oilseeds, pulses, rice, and jute fo

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  • 5 🌟 Aadhaar Privacy Issues (Important): mAadhaar App for Aadhaar Data- UIDAI [ Sci-Tech ]

    The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) launched ‘mAadhaar’- mobile app for syncing Aadhaar data. Allows users to carry Aadhaar information including number, name, date of birth, gender, and address on smartphones.

    Image of 12 Digit Aadhaar Number

    Image of 12 Digit Aadhaar Number

    Image of 12 Digit Aadhaar Number

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  • 6 🌟 खोज (Some important research in Hindi) [ Sci-Tech ]

    वजन: -अधिकतर लोगो के सामने केविन हाल सोचते थे के लोगो के मोटे होने के कारण एकदम सामन्य है। वे पूछते थे, मोटे लोग कम खाते और अधिक एक्सरसाइज (व्यायाम करना) क्यों नहीं करते हैं। भौतिकशास्त्री हाल जितनी कैलोरी खाओ, उतनी हजम करो के गणित में भरोसा करते थे। लेकिन, उनकी खुद की रिसर्च (अ

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  • 7 🌟 NASA and Venus – Important Information [ Sci-Tech ]

    What is NASA? : NASA stand for National Aeronautics and Space Administration It has been an independent agency of the executive branch of the United Nations Federal Government. It does the work of the space programme and it does its research on aeronautics and aerospace research

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  • 8 🌟 Rustom-II, India’S Combat-Capable, Drone Successfully Completes Maiden Test Flight- Important [ Sci-Tech ]

    Rustam-II is the two-tonner indigenous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) platform, aka TAPAS 201 developed by defense and Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE).During the test, TAPAS 201 accomplished the main objectives flying, such as take-off, bank, level flight and landing

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  • 9 🌟 India, Russia Agree to Double the Range of BrahMos Missile- Important [ Sci-Tech ]

    The Brahmos missile jointly developed by India and Russia is the deadliest cruise missile in the world- supersonic speed with deadly accuracy and ability to hit targets 290 km away. Missile can be fired from a standoff range without the Indian forces coming under enemy fire.

    Bene

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  • Sep 6, 2017
  • 1 🌟 India’S First Solar Storage Power Plant of India at Andaman- Important [ Sci-Tech ]

    First city-scale battery Solar Storage Power Plant of India is going to be setup at Andaman- well known for its fabulous beaches.NTPC, the largest power generation utility of India will construct two solar storage plants with total 25 mw (megawatt) capacity at Port Blair under th

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  • 2 🌟 Urja Ganga Launched in Varanasi - Important [ Sci-Tech ]

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched Urja Ganga, the highly ambitious gas pipeline project in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. He also launched other schemes worth of Rs 5000 crore in his Lok Sabha constituency. Gas pipeline would provide piped cooking fuel to residents of the eastern r

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  • 3 🌟 Porbandar-Wansjaliya, Okha-Kanalus Sections of Gujarat Become Green Train Corridors- Important [ Sci-Tech ]

    Union Ministry of Railways has declared the Okha-Kanalus and the Porbandar-Wansjaliya railway sections of Gujarat as Green Train Corridors. All trains passing on these 175-km long lines are now equipped with bio-toilets making them waste discharge free zone as part of the Swachh

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  • 4 🌟 Rajasthan: First State to Adopt LED Street Lights in All ULBs- Important [ Sci-Tech ]

    Rajasthan is 1st state of India to adopt Street Lighting National Programme (SLNP) of Central Government in all urban local bodies (ULB) of state. It will begin replacing around 5 lakh conventional street lights with LED street lights across the state.

    Location of Rajasthan

    Location of Rajasthan

    Location of Rajasthan

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  • 5 ISRO, NASA for 2021 NISAR Mission [ Sci-Tech ]

    ISRO and NASA have launched NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) mission to co-develop and launch a dual frequency synthetic aperture radar (SAR) satellite by 2021. Satellite to be most expensive earth-imaging satellite costing around $1.5 billion. Aims to study global envi

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  • Sep 5, 2017
  • 1 Nanotechnology-Based Drug Delivery System Developed by All-Women Team of IIT Delhi Researchers [ Sci-Tech ]

    All-women team of researchers from IIT Delhi developed a new drug delivery platform based on nanoparticles with ability to boost the efficacy of antibiotics at the cellular level and improve chances of recovery from cancer-related bacterial infections.

    Image of Nanotechnology-Based Drug Delivery System

    Image of Nanotechnology-Based Drug Delivery System

    Image of Nanotechnology-Based Drug Delivery System

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  • 2 IISc Researchers Develop Low-Cost, Sensitive CO Sensor [ Sci-Tech ]

    Indian Institute of Science (IISc) researchers developed a highly sensitive, low cost miniature nanometre-scale carbon monoxide (CO) sensor for pollution monitoring using novel fabrication technique not involving costly lithography technology.

    Image of Fabrication Process Flow

    Image of Fabrication Process Flow

    Image of Fabrication Process Flow

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  • Sep 4, 2017
  • 1 NSDC and Google India Launches Mobile App Development Program [ Sci-Tech ]

    The National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) and Google India jointly launched Android Skill Development program for improving mobile developer ecosystem. NSDC’s partners will design and deliver 100-hour course outside the formal education system.

    Image of Average Retention Curve for Apps

    Image of Average Retention Curve for Apps

    Image of Average Retention Curve for Apps

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  • 2 ISRO Developing Hyperspectral Imaging Earth Observation Satellite [ Sci-Tech ]

    The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is launching a full-fledged Earth observation (EO) Hyperspectral Imaging Satellite (HySIS). ISRO’s HySIS satellite can observe 55 spectral or colour bands from 630 km above ground.

    Image of Hyperspectral Imaging Technology

    Image of Hyperspectral Imaging Technology

    Image of Hyperspectral Imaging Technology

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  • Sep 2, 2017
  • 1 Bionic Leaf: Bacteria Can Convert Solar Energy to Liquid Fuel [ Sci-Tech ]

    Scientists from Harvard University created a system that uses bacteria to convert solar energy into liquid fuel. Work produces an “artificial leaf, ” using a catalyst to make sunlight split water into hydrogen and oxygen, with a bacterium engineered to convert carbon dioxide plus

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  • Sep 1, 2017
  • 1 Indian Global Positioning System [ Sci-Tech ]

    Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) deployed an indigenous regional positioning system- “Navigation with Indian Constellation” (NavIC). Consists of seven satellites providing Position, Navigation and Timing (PNT) services in Indian mainland and surrounding region up to 1500

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  • Aug 24, 2017
  • 1 खोज ( Search in Hindi) [ Sci-Tech ]

    सरस्वती खोज: -भारतीय अंतरिक्ष वैज्ञानिकों के एक दल ने आकाशगंगाओं का एक बहुत बड़ा समूह (सुपरक्लस्टर) खोजा है जिसका आकार अरबों सूर्यों के बराबर है। इसका नाम सरस्वती रखा गया है। पुणे स्थित ’इंटर यूनिवर्सिटी (विश्वविद्यालय) सेंटर (केन्द्र) फॉर (का) एस्ट्रोनॉमी (खगोल) एंड (और) एस्ट्रो

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  • 2 Aarambh Mobile App for Road Maintenance [ Sci-Tech ]

    The Union Ministry of Rural Development launched Aarambh mobile app for performance based maintenance contracting and community contracting for maintenance of rural roads. Uses Geographic Information System (GIS) based mapping for making road inventories and condition survey.

    Aarambh Mobile App for Road Maintenance

    Aarambh Mobile App for Road Maintenance

    Aarambh Mobile App for Road Maintenance

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  • Aug 21, 2017
  • 1 India Quake App for Earthquake Parameter Dissemination [ Sci-Tech ]

    Ministry of Earth Science launched India Quake application developed by the National Centre for Seismology (NCS) for automatic dissemination of earthquake parameter (location, time, and magnitude) after the occurrence of earthquakes.

    Key Features of India Quake App

    Key Features of India Quake App

    Key Features of India Quake App

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  • 2 Gelator to Remove Oil from Spills: IISER [ Sci-Tech ]

    Scientists from the Indian Institute of Science, Education and Research (IISER), Thiruvananthapuram developed hydrophobic and oleilophilic gelator that can take up oil on contact. It is a cost effective method to recover marine oil spills.

    Gelator to Remove Oil from Spills IISER

    Gelator to Remove Oil from Spills IISER

    Gelator to Remove Oil from Spills IISER

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  • 3 What are Sprites (Spacecraft) and Breakthrough Starshot? [ Sci-Tech ]

    Breakthrough Starshot is a research and engineering project by Breakthrough Initiatives to develop a proof-of-concept fleet of light sail spacecraft, named StarChip. They are capable of making the journey to the Alpha Centauri star system, 4.37 light-years away, at speeds between

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  • 4 Ocean Observation Systems [ Sci-Tech ]

    The Ministry of Earth Sciences implements Ocean Observations System programs since 1996 to acquire real-time, time series data on surface meteorological and upper oceanographic parameters from the Indian seas including from the Indian Ocean Region.

    Image of Ocean Observation Systems

    Image of Ocean Observation Systems

    Image of Ocean Observation Systems

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  • 5 Plastic Converted to Petrol and Bio-Glue for Wound Healing [ Sci-Tech ]

    CSIR-Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP), Dehradun in collaboration with GAIL Ltd. developed a process to convert waste polyethylene and polypropylene into petrol and diesel. One kilogram of waste polyethylene and polypropylene can be converted to either about 600 - 650 ml of pet

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  • Aug 17, 2017
  • 1 NITI Aayog Clears Six Proposals for High-Tech Public Transport [ Sci-Tech ]

    The NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog has approved six public transport proposals conditional on trial runs and safety measures before commercial operations.

    National Institution for Transforming India

    National Institution for Transforming India

    National Institution for Transforming India

    Metrino

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