Delhi: Point-Wise State Current-Affairs/GS Articles 2020 (Including PIB)- Download PDF

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  • May 22, 2020
  • 1 Impress Scheme: Objectives, Eligibility and Application [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Impactful Policy Research in Social Science (IMPRESS). An initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India.

    • Is being implemented by the Indian Council of Social Science Research.

    • Aims to encourage social science research in policy relevant areas.

    • T

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  • 2 Government Steps Against Ragging: Committee under Dr. R K Raghavan, Director CBI [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    The anti-ragging campaign got an impetus in 1999. The Hon’ble Supreme Court. In response to a PIL filed by the Vishwa Jagriti Mission, asked the University Grants Commission (UGC) to issue guidelines to universities to curb ragging. Formation of a four membered committee by the U

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  • May 20, 2020
  • 1 Down to Earth 1-15 March 2020: Hysterectomy Issue in India, Bats and Zoonotic Diseases, Child Flourishing Index, Toxic Air: the Price of Fossil Fuels Report 2020, Erring Thermal Plants [ Down-to-Earth ]

    Bats and Zoonotic Diseases

    • Zoonotic diseases are the infectious diseases.

    • These diseases are caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites.

    • Spreads from non-human/animals (usually vertebrates) to humans.

    • Another name for Zoonotic disease is Zoonosis.

    • Some of the examples are anthr

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  • 2 Employment Opportunities in Rural Homestays [ Yojana ]

    Development of rural Tourism. Enhancing economic empowerment and employment generation. Sustainable livelihoods.

    • Can provide direct benefits to the local communities or stakeholders both economically and socially.

    • Forest fringe Marginalised communities in North East provides th

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  • May 12, 2020
  • 1 Yuwaah Youth Skilling Initiative and Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) [ Education, International Relations/Organizations, Health ]

    Launched by UNICEF. ‘YuWaah’ Generation Unlimited in India on 1.11. 2019.

    Key Points

    • Generation Unlimited called YuWaah in India.

    • Is a multi-stakeholder alliance.

    • Aims to facilitate youth to gain relevant skills for productive lives and the future of work.

    • Target age group- a

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  • 2 Alumni Endowment Fund and Chavang Kut [ Education, Culture ]

    Endowment fund for IIT Delhi. Launched by the President of India. QS World University Ranking-182.

    Key Points

    • An initial commitment of more than ₹250 crore.

    • Nearly half of which will come from Flipkart co-founders.

    • Initial seed capital of ₹255 crore.

    • An aggressive target of r

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  • May 8, 2020
  • 1 Number of Cities in Centres Clean Air Program Inadequate [ Environment/Ecology ]

    According to a recent report by Greenpeace India, the pollution levels of 80 % of Indian cities exceed Particulate Matter standard. Jharia (a neighbourhood in Dhanbad District) in Jharkhand has been listed as the most polluted city in terms of PM10. The report also reveals that t

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  • May 4, 2020
  • 1 Scientists Find a New Way to Fight TB [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    A joint study by Translational Health Science and Technology, New Delhi, IIT Indore and All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. Identification of a panel of single stranded DNA aptamers that are Mycobacterium tuberculosis malate synthase specific. Short nucleotide seq

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  • May 2, 2020
  • 1 Verbal Autopsy [ Health, Bills ]

    Verbal autopsy is a research method for ascertaining and attributing causes of death where there was no medical record or formal medical attention given. In VA, health information and events prior to death are acquired from interview of person (s) familiar with the deceased. The

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  • Apr 29, 2020
  • 1 Judiciary: Concerns with Collegium System and Court Supervised Mediation [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Scrapping of two decisions by the SC Collegium. Fresh appointments have been made by the Supreme Court. There is a sanctioned strength of 31 but the apex court is presently functioning with 26 judges.

    Elevation of Judges by the Supreme Court:

    • Justice Pradeep Nandrajog, the Chie

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  • 2 Decriminalization of homosexuality by A Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court, Aadhar Judgement and Beggary Act [ Bills ]

    Decriminalization of homosexuality

    A Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court.

    Concerns

    • Creates a class of criminals consisting of individuals who engage in consensual sexual activity.

    • Led to stigmatisation, condemnation and even ineffective HIV prevention and treatment among LG

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  • Apr 28, 2020
  • 1 Security Forces - Strategic Planning Group, NSA, AFRS [ International Relations/Organizations ]

    The Strategic Planning Group (SPG) will now be chaired by the National Security Advisor (NSA). The cabinet Secretary will be the only member. Lack of understanding of the nature and complexity of security challenges.

    Existing Security Architecture

    • India became a nuclear-weapon s

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  • Apr 26, 2020
  • 1 International Organisations - G-20, SCO, UNSC [ International Relations/Organizations ]

    G-20 Summit

    The annual G-20 summit for 2019 was recently held in Osaka, Japan. The leaders summed up the key outcomes of the meet.

    Key Takeaways

    • Terrorism

    • Anti-corruption

    • Climate change

    • Climate Change - U. S.

    • Quality infrastructure

    • Trade

    Shanghai Cooperation Organisation- Bishk

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  • 2 Functions of National Authority and Creating Charter Cities [ International Relations/Organizations ]

    Functions of National Authority

    Act as the “national focal point” for effective communication with organizations. Matters relating to the Convention. Fulfilling the obligations of the country. To issue directions and even close down facilities which violate the Convention.

    • Also

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  • Apr 18, 2020
  • 1 Approval on Kartarpur Corridor and Status of Rohingyas [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Kartarpur Corridor

    Approved by the Cabinet. To enable smooth passage of pilgrims willing to visit Pakistan’s Kartarpur Sahib. Kartarpur Gurudwara stands on the bank of River Ravi, about 120 km northeast of Lahore.

    • Kartarpur Sahib is also supposed to be Guru Nanak’s final resting

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  • 2 RSBY Implementation Challenges and Adopt a Heritage Scheme [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    RSBY Implementation Challenges

    Estimated workforce of 47 crores. Eight crores are organized workers. 39 crores are workers in the unorganized sector. Every year about 36 million families or 14 % of households face a medical bill.

    • RSBY was launched in 2008 as the health insurance

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  • Apr 17, 2020
  • 1 Striking Away the Beggary Act and Significance of the NCBC Bill [ Bills ]

    Beggary Act

    Delhi High Court struck down as unconstitutional, certain sections of Bombay Prevention of Beggary Act, 1959 as extended to Delhi. No Central Act in India on beggary. Most of the states and Union Territories have used the Bombay Prevention of Beggary Act, 1959. The ma

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  • Apr 11, 2020
  • 1 Code on Wages Bill, 2019 [ Bills ]

    The New Code on Wages bill, 2019. Cleared by the Union Cabinet.

    Current System

    • Mentions 13 most vulnerable categories of employment.

    • The minimum wages are fixed by both the state governments and the Centre.

    • Variance of rates in terms of skill sets, sectors and location.

    Chang

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  • Apr 10, 2020
  • 1 Vulnerable Sections and Juvenile Justice Act, 2015 [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    JJ Act 2000 was amended in 2015 with a provision allowing for Children in Conflict with Law (CCL). To be tried as adults under certain circumstances. Defines a child as someone who is under age 18. As per the amended Act, children in the age group 16 - 18 as a category which can

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  • 2 Health: HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Act, MMR, Oxytocin, RTS Vaccine [ Health ]

    HIV Act

    The Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (Prevention and Control) Act. A legal obligation to protect the privacy of persons with HIV and AIDS. India has the third largest HIV-infected population (estimated 2 million).

    • To decrease new infec

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  • Apr 8, 2020
  • 1 Gurjar Bakarwals: Introduction, Occupation, Kinship Groups, Locations, Tribes, Languages, Economy [ Economy ]

    Gurjar Bakarwals

    • Mostly-Sunni Muslim.

    • The word Gurjar is derived from the term gaucharana which means to graze cows.

    • Based in the Pir Panjal and Himalayan mountains of South Asia.

    • Mainly goatherds and shepherds.

    • They have remained marginal forces in Kashmir Politics.

    • They ha

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  • 2 Global Seed Vault: Global Crop Diversity Trust, Need, Storage, Permafrost, Threat [ Science/Technology ]

    Global Seed Vault or Svalbard Global Seed Vault

    • It is a secure seed bank.

    • Backup of the backups.

    • Lies 360 feet inside of the 1,500-foot Plataberget mountain in Nordenskiöld Land on the island of Spitsbergen in Svalbard, Norway.

    • Svalbard is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic

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  • Apr 6, 2020
  • 1 Coronavirus Test Centres in India: All You Need to Know [ All Upd. ]

    As the spread of the coronavirus intensifies across the globe and in India, the government has designated test sites across the country to expedite diagnosis and aid treatment. India has had 169 confirmed cases so far, and three death due to the virus. Here’s a complete list of t

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  • Mar 20, 2020
  • 1 National Policy on Electronics 2019 and 3D Printed Skin [ Science/Technology ]

    Approval given by the Union government. Replaces the National Policy of Electronics 2012 (NPE 2012). Proposed by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). Aims to position India as a global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM). Formulat

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  • Mar 15, 2020
  • 1 Climate Change-Global Scenario: Green Growth [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Green Growth

    • OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) released a report.

    • Title- “Green Growth Indicators 2017”.

    • Highlights-The slow progress in achieving the Green Growth.

    • Fostering economic growth and development.

    • Ensuring the natural assets continue to p

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  • Mar 12, 2020
  • 1 Climate Change-Global Scenario [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Climate Change-Global Scenario

    Green Growth

    • OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) released a report.

    • Title- “Green Growth Indicators 2017”.

    • Highlights-The slow progress in achieving the Green Growth.

    • Fostering economic growth and development.

    • Ensuring t

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  • 2 Deep Ocean Mission and Resource Management: Problem of Ghost Gear-Fishing [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Drawn up of a 5-year plan to explore the deep ocean. Drawn up by the Central government. Exercise coordination- Ministry of Earth Sciences. The blueprint of “Deep Ocean Mission” has been recently unveiled by the MOES. Mission proposes to explore the deep ocean similar to the spac

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  • Mar 9, 2020
  • 1 National Clean Air Programme and World Air Quality Report 2018 [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Launched by the Centre. Objective includes comprehensive mitigation actions for prevention, control and abatement of air pollution. Aims to augment the air quality monitoring network across the country. Strengthening the awareness and capacity building activities. City-specific a

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  • 2 Air Pollution Report-WHO [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Report released by WHO on air pollution and child health. Sidelines of its first ever global conference on Air Pollution and Health. About 93 % of the world’s children under the age of 15 (1.8 billion children) breathe polluted air every day. Includes 630 million children under 5

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  • Feb 24, 2020
  • 1 Crime Against Children [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Recently the POCSO Act has been amended to make it more effective. It has been made more proactive in dealing with crimes against children, child abuse in the country. Uttar Pradesh accounts for maximum number of crimes against children, whereas Nagaland constitutes the least amo

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  • 2 C-Sections Spike in Telangana Reasons for Increase in C-Section [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    UNICEF found in its research paper that Telangana accounts for maximum number of C-section in the country. It accounts for 58 % deliveries through C-section in Telangana alone according to National Family Health Survey report of 2016. It was 75 % among deliveries at private-secto

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  • Feb 19, 2020
  • 1 Invitation to Participate in Tide Turner Plastic Challenge [ Environment/Ecology ]

    World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) a leading conservation organization ispleased to introduce the, “Tide Turner Plastic Challenge” in partnershipwith UN environment to engage youth in conversation, action and advocacyaround reducing the use of single-use plastic from our day to day

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  • Feb 10, 2020
  • 1 DTE 16-31 January 2020 Summary [ Down-to-Earth ]

    Cold Trap: India Suffered Massively Due to Cold Waves Disaster in 2012. No Effective Plan to Mitigate the Impact. Over 30 People Have Died in Uttar Pradesh. Nagaland- a Surprise Snowfall After over 40 Years. Bihar-Patna (Capital) Recorded Its Second Coldest Day in the Decade. Del

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