Gujarat: Point-Wise State Current-Affairs/GS Articles 2020 (Including PIB)- Download PDF

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  • May 28, 2020
  • 1 Typing in Indian Regional Languages: Government Programs in 2020- Essential for Net Neutrality [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Using the Phonetic Keyboard

    • Quillpad & lipikaar is a free online typing tool in Indian languages.

    • Translit eration technologies according to pre-defined rules are supported.

    • A translit eration technology is one that allows users to type words as they would casually do such as r

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  • May 25, 2020
  • 1 Swachh Vidyalaya Puraskar: Eligibility and Criteria for Evaluation, Categories of Awards, Application [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. Launched in 2016. To recognize, inspire and celebrate excellence in sanitation and hygiene practice in schools. To honour schools that have undertaken significant steps towards fulfilling the mandate of the Swachh Vidya

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  • May 20, 2020
  • 1 Down to Earth 1-15 March 2020: Hysterectomy Issue in India, Bats and Zoonotic Diseases, Child Flourishing Index, Toxic Air: the Price of Fossil Fuels Report 2020, Erring Thermal Plants [ Down-to-Earth ]

    Bats and Zoonotic Diseases

    • Zoonotic diseases are the infectious diseases.

    • These diseases are caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites.

    • Spreads from non-human/animals (usually vertebrates) to humans.

    • Another name for Zoonotic disease is Zoonosis.

    • Some of the examples are anthr

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  • May 14, 2020
  • 1 ARI-Highly Mortal: National Health Profile Report and Cellphone Causes Insomnia [ Health ]

    ARI Highly Mortal

    • 69 % morbidity in 2018 due to lung infection.

    • Report was released by the Union Health Ministry.

    • Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) -69.47%

    • Highest in the communicable disease category leading to 27.21 % mortality.

    • States such as Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karna

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  • May 2, 2020
  • 1 One Nation One Card [ Policy/Governance ]

    One nation one ration card scheme will allow portability of food security benefits. Under the initiative eligible beneficiaries would be able to avail their entitled food grains under NFSA from any Fair Price Shop in the country using the same ration card.

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  • Apr 18, 2020
  • 1 Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana (PMRPY) and UBI (Universal Basic Income) Concept [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    PMRGY

    Ministry of labour and employment. PMRY Joined Workforce- Over one crore new employees between August 2016 and March 2019.57 % of them came from 5 States- Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Gujarat and Haryana.

    • Operational since August 2016.

    • Launched for incentivising em

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  • Apr 17, 2020
  • 1 Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Abhiyan [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Recently launched by the government of India. World’s largest health protection scheme. Coverage- To target over 10 crore families based on SECC (Socio-Economic Caste Census) database.

    • No cap on family size and age in the scheme.

    • Insurance Scheme Coverage- Pre and Post-hospital

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  • Apr 11, 2020
  • 1 Code on Wages Bill, 2019 [ Bills ]

    The New Code on Wages bill, 2019. Cleared by the Union Cabinet.

    Current System

    • Mentions 13 most vulnerable categories of employment.

    • The minimum wages are fixed by both the state governments and the Centre.

    • Variance of rates in terms of skill sets, sectors and location.

    Chang

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  • Apr 10, 2020
  • 1 Health: HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Act, MMR, Oxytocin, RTS Vaccine [ Health ]

    HIV Act

    The Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (Prevention and Control) Act. A legal obligation to protect the privacy of persons with HIV and AIDS. India has the third largest HIV-infected population (estimated 2 million).

    • To decrease new infec

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  • Apr 8, 2020
  • 1 Gurjar Bakarwals: Introduction, Occupation, Kinship Groups, Locations, Tribes, Languages, Economy [ Economy ]

    Gurjar Bakarwals

    • Mostly-Sunni Muslim.

    • The word Gurjar is derived from the term gaucharana which means to graze cows.

    • Based in the Pir Panjal and Himalayan mountains of South Asia.

    • Mainly goatherds and shepherds.

    • They have remained marginal forces in Kashmir Politics.

    • They ha

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  • Apr 6, 2020
  • 1 Coronavirus Test Centres in India: All You Need to Know [ All Upd. ]

    As the spread of the coronavirus intensifies across the globe and in India, the government has designated test sites across the country to expedite diagnosis and aid treatment. India has had 169 confirmed cases so far, and three death due to the virus. Here’s a complete list of t

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  • Mar 28, 2020
  • 1 Exploration of Polymetallic Nodules and Polar Vortex [ Geography ]

    India’s rights to explore Polymetallic nodules from seabed in Central Indian Ocean Basin (CIOB). Extended by five years by International Seabed Authority, till 2022. India became the first country to have received the status of a pioneer investor in 1987.

    • Presently having an are

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  • Mar 12, 2020
  • 1 Deep Ocean Mission and Resource Management: Problem of Ghost Gear-Fishing [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Drawn up of a 5-year plan to explore the deep ocean. Drawn up by the Central government. Exercise coordination- Ministry of Earth Sciences. The blueprint of “Deep Ocean Mission” has been recently unveiled by the MOES. Mission proposes to explore the deep ocean similar to the spac

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  • Mar 4, 2020
  • 1 Pollution: Uranium Contamination in Ground Water and Construction and Demolition Waste [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Widespread uranium contamination in groundwater across India. Demand of an urgent response. Groundwater contamination-Must be probed and mapped. Safe sources need to be identified. Over 30 micrograms per litre (mcg/l) of the heavy metal in parts of north-western, southern and sou

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  • 2 Down to Earth (DTE) 1-15 Feb 2020 Part 1 [ Down-to-Earth ]

    Population Explosion and Stability

    • India’s population will most likely surpass that of China.

    • India is one the right path towards Stabilization of the population.

    • At the time of Independence India’s population was around 350 million.

    • Also India became the first developing coun

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  • Feb 10, 2020
  • 1 28 Million Obese by 2030 [ IAS Upd. ]

    World Obesity Federation, Around 28 million children in India will be obese by the year 2030. The country would rank second in the world in terms of the high number of obese people.

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    • Malnutrition

    • Includes U

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  • 2 DTE 16-31 January 2020 Summary [ Down-to-Earth ]

    Cold Trap: India Suffered Massively Due to Cold Waves Disaster in 2012. No Effective Plan to Mitigate the Impact. Over 30 People Have Died in Uttar Pradesh. Nagaland- a Surprise Snowfall After over 40 Years. Bihar-Patna (Capital) Recorded Its Second Coldest Day in the Decade. Del

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  • 3 DTE 16-31 January 2020 India’s Struggling Wind Energy Sector [ Down-to-Earth ]

    Cold Trap: India suffered massively due to cold waves disaster in 2012. No effective plan to mitigate the impact. Over 30 people have died in Uttar Pradesh. Nagaland- a surprise snowfall after over 40 years. Bihar-Patna (Capital) recorded its second coldest day in the decade.

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  • Feb 7, 2020
  • 1 Yojana January 2020 Part 1 [ Yojana ]

    Times to Act: W/time running out to contain ill-effects on environment, recently held Conference of Parties under United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC COP 25) in Madrid, Spain was seen as a window of opportunity.

    India at UNFCC COP 25

    • Union Minister for E

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  • Jan 28, 2020
  • 1 Expected Questions / Topics for UPSC IAS Prelims 2020: Kurukshetra Part 3 Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) [ Kurukshetra ]

    Launched on 28 August 2014. A national mission on financial inclusion. Access to a range of financial services like availability of basic savings bank account, access to need based credit, remittance facility, insurance and pension. Covers both urban and rural areas. Availability

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  • 2 Expected Questions / Topics for UPSC IAS Prelims 2020: Kurukshetra Part 1 [ Kurukshetra ]

    Policy and Planning Towards Rural Education: Interventions to Promote Education in Rural Areas: Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas. Samagra Shiksha. Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalya (KGBV) Scheme. Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS)

    For notes and solved questions with explanations

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  • 3 Atal Bhujal Yojana Scheme [ Health, Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Indian Prime Minister launched Atal Bhujal Yojana on the occasion of the 95th birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Atal Bhujal Yojana is a central sector scheme which the Union Cabinet approved with a total outlay of Rs. 6,000 crores and this is to be

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  • Jan 2, 2020
  • 1 Integrated Coastal Zone Management Program [ Science/Technology, Environment/Ecology ]

    The pollution which is created by the humans at the coastal areas making beaches dirty and the oceans are filling with pollution. To address these issues, the integrated coastal zone management program was launched. It is working under the Ministry of Environment Forest and Clima

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  • Dec 24, 2019
  • 1 2G Ethanol plant in Panipat [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    The government is planning to set up twelve 2G ethanol bio-refinery plants in 11 states in India including Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Assam, Odisha, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh with an investment of 10,000 crores. Indian Oil has

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  • Dec 23, 2019
  • 1 Uttam Rake [ Railways ]

    On the 69th Foundation Day of Western Railways Uttam Rake was introduced. Uttam Rake is a non Ac local train for ladies from Churchgate to Virar in Mumbai. As a part of Make in India initiative several advanced features have been set up in the train. Two Uttam Rake were built at

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  • Dec 19, 2019
  • 1 Swachh-Nirmal Tat Abhiyaan [ Health, Environment/Ecology, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Swachh-Nirmal Tat Abhiyaan is launched under the Union Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) to create awareness about drive and cleanliness program in 50 identified beaches. The beaches were identified from 10 coastal States/UTs these are Andhra Pradesh, Ke

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  • Dec 14, 2019
  • 1 Yojana December 2019 Urbanisation Slums in India – Facts & Misconceptions [ Yojana ]

    Slums in India – Facts & Misconceptions: “Blue polygon” settlements, so termed because clusters of such homes- four poles surmounted by a blue plastic sheet-appear as blue rectangles in satellite images. UN- Habitat employs five criteria to identify slums. Each related to a livin

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  • Dec 10, 2019
  • 1 Mangroves of Sundarbans Wetland [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    The mangroves are considered as salt tolerant plants being adaptable to harsh conditions in climatic conditions in coastal regions. Mangroves can withstand higher temperature; higher humidity and can stand strong winds. It provides protection to the coastal communities.

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  • Nov 28, 2019
  • 1 Wastelands the Land Resource Department [ Environment/Ecology ]

    The National Remote Sensing Centre prepared a wasteland Atlas being released by the Land Resource Department. Degraded forests, overgrazed pastures, drought-struck pastures, eroded valleys, hilly slopes, waterlogged marshy lands, barren land etc constitute to Wastelands.

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  • Nov 27, 2019
  • 1 Suranga Bawadi Situated at Bijapur District in Karnataka [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Suranga Bawadi is an ancient 16th century underground water harvesting system has got placed in world Monument Watch List. It is going to receive funds from the World Monument Fund for the Restoration purpose as it has entered the World Monument Watch list for 2020. It is a part

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  • Nov 25, 2019
  • 1 India Justice Report-2019 [ Policy/Governance ]

    India Justice Report is the first ever ranking of Indian states on Justice Delivery which is released by the Tata trust in collaboration with Centre for Social Justice, common cause and Commonwealth Human Rights initiative. The report ranks Indian states on the basis of four para

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  • Nov 20, 2019
  • 1 DTE 1-15 Nov Summary 2 [ Down-to-Earth ]

    Blockchain Impact on Coffee Production: The Blockchain based e-market platform was launched by the Coffee Board of India (CBOI) on 28 march 2019 with a very dull response. In 2018 - 19 only 100 tonnes of India’s 0.32 million tonnes of coffee was produced and was sold via the plat

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  • 2 30 Expected & Most Important Topics Geography Optional UPSC Mains 2020 [ IAS Upd. ]

    1. Water Crisis to Floods – Journey of Mismanagement of Water & Consequences 2. Solar irradiance – possible cause of global change 3. India’s Space Mission in light of Chandrayaan -2 – Vikram (landing of South Pole) 4. Amazon Rainforest 5. Gender Gap Report 6. Global Slavery Inde

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  • Nov 18, 2019
  • 1 Yojana November 2019 SANITATION FOR a HEALTH SOCIETY Part 4 [ Yojana ]

    An exclusive toilet is more likely to be used if household has access to a dedicated water facility. Chances of open defecation increase if distance of drinking water source is more than 400 meters from premises instead of having a drinking water source w/I dwelling. Similarly. C

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  • Nov 7, 2019
  • 1 Warming Seas a Breath of Foul Air [ Down-to-Earth ]

    The sea level rose globally by about 15 cm relative to 1986 - 2005 on an average during the 20th century. This warming of seas is expected to rise twice as fast and could reach up to 60 cm by 2100. On September 23,2019 according to the reports of UN Climate Action Summit (UNCAS)

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  • Nov 4, 2019
  • 1 Yojana October 2019- Invaluable Legacy (Part- 1) [ Yojana ]

    Key Topics Included In This Article: Basic Argument, Trusteeship is Based on Ahimsa, Trusteeship Allows Creation Of Wealth, Trusteeship & Nature, Trusteeship In Consumption, Gandhi’s Response to Direct Violence, Gandhi’s Response to Structure violence, Gandhi’s Response to Cultur

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  • 2 Yojana October 2019- Invaluable Legacy (Part- 2) [ Yojana ]

    Mahatma Gandhi’s Eleven Vows: Object & Observances of Ashram, Truth, Non-Violence or Love, Chastity (Brahmacharya), Control of Palate, Non-Stealing, Non-Possession or poverty, Physical Labour, Swadeshi, Fearlessness, Removal of Untouchability, Tolerance,

    Gandhi as an Internation

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  • Nov 2, 2019
  • 1 Kurukshetra October 2019 - Agricultural Reforms (Part 3) [ Kurukshetra ]

    Public – Private partnership In Agriculture Sector: A public – private partnership (PPP, 3P or P3) Is a long – term cooperative arrangement between 2 or more public & private Sector. Genesis of PPP: - PPP Sell set up in 2016 in department of Economic affairs (DEA) Ministry of Fin

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