Maharashtra: Point-Wise State Current-Affairs/GS Articles 2020 (Including PIB)- Download PDF

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  • May 22, 2020
  • 1 Government Steps Against Ragging: Committee under Dr. R K Raghavan, Director CBI [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    The anti-ragging campaign got an impetus in 1999. The Hon’ble Supreme Court. In response to a PIL filed by the Vishwa Jagriti Mission, asked the University Grants Commission (UGC) to issue guidelines to universities to curb ragging. Formation of a four membered committee by the U

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  • May 20, 2020
  • 1 Down to Earth 1-15 March 2020: Hysterectomy Issue in India, Bats and Zoonotic Diseases, Child Flourishing Index, Toxic Air: the Price of Fossil Fuels Report 2020, Erring Thermal Plants [ Down-to-Earth ]

    Bats and Zoonotic Diseases

    • Zoonotic diseases are the infectious diseases.

    • These diseases are caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites.

    • Spreads from non-human/animals (usually vertebrates) to humans.

    • Another name for Zoonotic disease is Zoonosis.

    • Some of the examples are anthr

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  • May 13, 2020
  • 1 New Ramsar Sites in India [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    10 more wetlands announced under Ramsar Convention. Sites of “International importance”. Total number of Ramsar sites in India increased to 37. Till Dec 2019 India had 27 sites.

    • To develop and sustain a network of wetlands.

    • Maintain components of ecosystem and processes.

    • Wetla

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  • May 12, 2020
  • 1 Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) [ Health ]

    Commonly known as elephantiasis or Hathipaon. It is a neglected tropical disease. Caused mainly by Wuchereria Bancrofti and spread by Culex mosquito.

    Culex Mosquito

    • Grows in dirty accumulated water.

    • Infection occurrence- when filarial parasites are transmitted to humans through

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  • May 2, 2020
  • 1 One Nation One Card [ Policy/Governance ]

    One nation one ration card scheme will allow portability of food security benefits. Under the initiative eligible beneficiaries would be able to avail their entitled food grains under NFSA from any Fair Price Shop in the country using the same ration card.

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  • Apr 30, 2020
  • 1 Right Issues: Maratha Reservation, Waqf Properties [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    Maratha Reservation

    Maharashtra government’s law on reservation for Marathas has been recently upheld by the Bombay High Court. The law proposed reservation benefits in education and public employment on the Maratha community. Creation of a group called Socially and Educationally

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  • Apr 28, 2020
  • 1 Terrorism and Organised Crime - TADA, POTA, LTE [ International Relations/Organizations ]

    5 prominent human rights activists have been arrested in Maharashtra. Charges based on the stringent “Unlawful Activities Prevention Act” (UAPA).

    TADA

    • Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act, 1987.

    • The main law used in cases of terrorism and organised crime.

    • Due t

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  • Apr 18, 2020
  • 1 Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana (PMRPY) and UBI (Universal Basic Income) Concept [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    PMRGY

    Ministry of labour and employment. PMRY Joined Workforce- Over one crore new employees between August 2016 and March 2019.57 % of them came from 5 States- Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Gujarat and Haryana.

    • Operational since August 2016.

    • Launched for incentivising em

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  • Apr 11, 2020
  • 1 Road Safety Bill - Motor Vehicle Bill 2017, 2019 [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill (2017)

    To better the quality of roads and improve safety standards. The bill has failed to make any progress in the Rajya Sabha since last year. Re-introduction in Parliament.

    Challenges

    • Potholes have become a major challenge for accidental death

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  • Apr 10, 2020
  • 1 Health: HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Act, MMR, Oxytocin, RTS Vaccine [ Health ]

    HIV Act

    The Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (Prevention and Control) Act. A legal obligation to protect the privacy of persons with HIV and AIDS. India has the third largest HIV-infected population (estimated 2 million).

    • To decrease new infec

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  • Apr 8, 2020
  • 1 Gurjar Bakarwals: Introduction, Occupation, Kinship Groups, Locations, Tribes, Languages, Economy [ Economy ]

    Gurjar Bakarwals

    • Mostly-Sunni Muslim.

    • The word Gurjar is derived from the term gaucharana which means to graze cows.

    • Based in the Pir Panjal and Himalayan mountains of South Asia.

    • Mainly goatherds and shepherds.

    • They have remained marginal forces in Kashmir Politics.

    • They ha

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  • Apr 6, 2020
  • 1 Coronavirus Test Centres in India: All You Need to Know [ All Upd. ]

    As the spread of the coronavirus intensifies across the globe and in India, the government has designated test sites across the country to expedite diagnosis and aid treatment. India has had 169 confirmed cases so far, and three death due to the virus. Here’s a complete list of t

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  • Mar 28, 2020
  • 1 Exploration of Polymetallic Nodules and Polar Vortex [ Geography ]

    India’s rights to explore Polymetallic nodules from seabed in Central Indian Ocean Basin (CIOB). Extended by five years by International Seabed Authority, till 2022. India became the first country to have received the status of a pioneer investor in 1987.

    • Presently having an are

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  • Mar 19, 2020
  • 1 NETRA, Agni V and Hyperloop Technology [ Science/Technology ]

    First indigenously built Airborne Early Warning and Control System (AEW&CS). Developed by DRDO. A light-weight autonomous UAV for long range surveillance and reconnaissance operations. Radar system is also mounted on Embraer aircraft which gives 240-degree coverage of airspace. H

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  • Mar 15, 2020
  • 1 Minamata Convention and Biodiversity [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Ratification of Minamata Convention on Mercury. Approved by the Union Cabinet. Convention on Mercury enabling India to become a Party of the Convention. First Conference of the Parties (CoP) under the Minamata Convention took place in Geneva, Switzerland in 2017. Adopted decision

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  • Mar 12, 2020
  • 1 Deep Ocean Mission and Resource Management: Problem of Ghost Gear-Fishing [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Drawn up of a 5-year plan to explore the deep ocean. Drawn up by the Central government. Exercise coordination- Ministry of Earth Sciences. The blueprint of “Deep Ocean Mission” has been recently unveiled by the MOES. Mission proposes to explore the deep ocean similar to the spac

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  • Mar 9, 2020
  • 1 Project WASCAL and World Bank Report on Climate Change [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Project WASCAL (West Africa Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land). A regional climate change project. Sponsored by Germany. To combat climate change in West Africa. Is working on more precise rain forecasts for farmers. WASCAL database

    Foundation on which our

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  • Feb 22, 2020
  • 1 Going Online as Leaders’ Programme, Key Characteristic, Outcomes of the Project [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    The Union Minister of State for Tribal Affairs recently announced the second phase of the program. The first phase was organized in March 2019. GOAL (Going Online as Leaders) is an initiative of Facebook to make tribal youth self-capable and self-reliant.

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  • Feb 10, 2020
  • 1 DTE 16-31 January 2020 Summary [ Down-to-Earth ]

    Cold Trap: India Suffered Massively Due to Cold Waves Disaster in 2012. No Effective Plan to Mitigate the Impact. Over 30 People Have Died in Uttar Pradesh. Nagaland- a Surprise Snowfall After over 40 Years. Bihar-Patna (Capital) Recorded Its Second Coldest Day in the Decade. Del

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  • 2 DTE 16-31 January 2020 India’s Struggling Wind Energy Sector [ Down-to-Earth ]

    Cold Trap: India suffered massively due to cold waves disaster in 2012. No effective plan to mitigate the impact. Over 30 people have died in Uttar Pradesh. Nagaland- a surprise snowfall after over 40 years. Bihar-Patna (Capital) recorded its second coldest day in the decade.

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  • Feb 7, 2020
  • 1 📹 Yojana January 2020 Part 2 [ Yojana ]

    Water Management: Building a Resilient Nation: ‘Women-led Water, Sanitation, Hygiene & Resilient practices Project’ or W-SHARP was implemented in 2018 to test effectiveness of risk-informed planning driven by local contexts & communities such as those of Marathwada, especially du

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  • Feb 4, 2020
  • 1 Delhi’s Air Quality [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    According to weather forecasting agency Skymet in November 2019 Delhi’s air quality reaches mark of 500 with that Delhi becomes the world’s top polluted City. System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR) recorded the Air Quality Index at 552 for Delhi on the

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  • Jan 30, 2020
  • 1 Utilization Status of Nirbhaya Fund [ Policy/Governance ]

    Nirbhaya Fund is a non- lapsable corpus fund that was created by the Ministry of Finance in 2013 to enhance safety and security for women. Ministry of women and child development is the nodal ministry to monitor and review the progress of the Nirbhaya fund. This fund is monitored

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  • Jan 28, 2020
  • 1 Expected Questions / Topics for UPSC IAS Prelims 2020: Kurukshetra Part 3 Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) [ Kurukshetra ]

    Launched on 28 August 2014. A national mission on financial inclusion. Access to a range of financial services like availability of basic savings bank account, access to need based credit, remittance facility, insurance and pension. Covers both urban and rural areas. Availability

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  • 2 Expected Questions / Topics for UPSC IAS Prelims 2020: Kurukshetra Part 1 [ Kurukshetra ]

    Policy and Planning Towards Rural Education: Interventions to Promote Education in Rural Areas: Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas. Samagra Shiksha. Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalya (KGBV) Scheme. Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS)

    For notes and solved questions with explanations

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  • 3 Atal Bhujal Yojana Scheme [ Health, Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Indian Prime Minister launched Atal Bhujal Yojana on the occasion of the 95th birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Atal Bhujal Yojana is a central sector scheme which the Union Cabinet approved with a total outlay of Rs. 6,000 crores and this is to be

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  • Jan 7, 2020
  • 1 Carbon Credit Smoke Screen CO2 emissions [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies, Down-to-Earth ]

    In 2018 COP24 in Katowice (is a city in southern Poland) finalises elements of the Paris Rulebook on the format for national targets, financial reporting, transparency requirements, and the global stocktake. In 2019 Russia Agreement. The US triggers one-year countdown to final wi

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  • Jan 2, 2020
  • 1 Integrated Coastal Zone Management Program [ Science/Technology, Environment/Ecology ]

    The pollution which is created by the humans at the coastal areas making beaches dirty and the oceans are filling with pollution. To address these issues, the integrated coastal zone management program was launched. It is working under the Ministry of Environment Forest and Clima

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  • Dec 31, 2019
  • 1 DTE 1-15 Dec 2019 Carbon Credit Smoke Screen [ Down-to-Earth ]

    Carbon Credit Smoke Screen: Carbon markets have shifted the mitigation responsibility from developed to the developing countries. These carbon markets were created under the Kyoto Protocol of 1997 with the hope that their expansion would increase investments in low-carbon and mit

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  • Dec 24, 2019
  • 1 2G Ethanol plant in Panipat [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    The government is planning to set up twelve 2G ethanol bio-refinery plants in 11 states in India including Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Assam, Odisha, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh with an investment of 10,000 crores. Indian Oil has

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  • Dec 23, 2019
  • 1 Uttam Rake [ Railways ]

    On the 69th Foundation Day of Western Railways Uttam Rake was introduced. Uttam Rake is a non Ac local train for ladies from Churchgate to Virar in Mumbai. As a part of Make in India initiative several advanced features have been set up in the train. Two Uttam Rake were built at

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  • Dec 19, 2019
  • 1 Swachh-Nirmal Tat Abhiyaan [ Health, Environment/Ecology, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Swachh-Nirmal Tat Abhiyaan is launched under the Union Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) to create awareness about drive and cleanliness program in 50 identified beaches. The beaches were identified from 10 coastal States/UTs these are Andhra Pradesh, Ke

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