Model Paper (GATE-2021) : C2, Humanities and Social Sciences-English

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Q 1. to Q 14. are MCQ where only one answer is correct. Each question carries one mark.

Q. 1 Which of the following texts consists of a series of twelve eclogues, one for each month of the year?

(a) The Shepheardes Calendar

(b) Tottel՚s Miscellany

(c) Nature՚s Pictures drawn by Fancy՚s Pencil to the life

(d) “A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning”

Q. 2 Karukku, Baluta, Akkarmasi are all examples of_ ________.

(a) Dalit autobiographies

(b) Autobiographies by Dalit Women

(c) Tamil Poetry Collections

(d) Coming of age novels in Marathi

Q. 3 Very Famously Virginia Woolf had this to say of a well-known English novel: ‘one of the few English novels written for grownup people.’ Of which novelist and novel was she speaking?

(a) Aphra Behn, Oroonoko

(b) Jane Austen, Persuasion

(c) Emily Bronte, Wuthering Heights

(d) George Eliot, Middlemarch

Q. 4 Who is the author of Beloved, Sula, Song of Solomon, the Bluest Eye?

(a) Toni Morrison

(b) Gwendolyn Brooks

(c) Jamaica Kincaid

(d) Alice Walker

Q. 5 M. H. Abran՚s the mirror and the lamp is study of ________.

(a) Modernism

(b) The Reformation

(c) The Renaissance

(d) Romanticism

Q. 6 What is common among to the following: When Memory Dies, Anil՚s Ghost, Funny Boy, a story of brief marriage, Gorilla, Atawaka Putthu (Half Moon sons) ?

(a) The thematize anticolonial uprisings in Sri Lanka

(b) They are set against the Sri Lankan civil war.

(c) They count as progressive Sinhala fiction that narrate stories of youth insurrections.

(d) They represent Tamil voices in Sri Lankan Fiction.

Q. 7 They treatise on dhvani′ in aesthetic theory by Anandavardhana titled Dhvanyaloka is usually published along with the famous commentary on this text by the Shaiva philosopher from Kashmir, ________

(a) Kshemendra

(b) Utpaladeva

(c) Abhinavagupta

(d) Bhartrihari

Q. 8 Which of the following statements is NOT true about Don Quixote?

(a) Many of Don Quixote՚s recurring elements were drawn from its author Cervantes՚s life

(b) Don Quixote id often taken to be the founding moment of the European novel.

(c) Social Class in the novel is rarely an impediment to what a character truly wants.

(d) The novel is about what happens when romantic idealism clashes with the real world.

Q. 9 Which of the following is not based upon the Mahabharata?

(a) Yayati by Girish Karnad

(b) The Great Indian Novel by Shashi Tharoor

(c) The Difficulty of Being Good: On the subtle are of Dharma by Gurucharan das

(d) The Forest of Enchantments by Chitara Bannerjee Divakurani

Q. 10 In which of the following pairs of poems does Milton Celebrate the Classical goddesses Mirth and Melancholy each with their specific attributes in a poetic style reminiscent of both Italian verse and Elizabethan and Jacobean Poetry?

(a) “Comus” and “Lycidas”

(b) “L” Allegro′ and “Il” Penserroso

(c) “Lycidas” and “L” Allegro′

(d) “Il′ Penseroso” and “Lycidas”

Q. 11 The word migration ( ‘Hijra’ ) in the title of Tayib Salih՚s novel Season of migration to the North refers to ________.

(a) The fraught nature of the colonial condition, especially in terms of its pathologies

(b) Islamism in parts of Africa

(c) Migratory birds in Sudan

(d) The Protagonist՚s deep desire to go back to Sudan

Q. 12 In an essay assessing the political career of a famous public figure, the following words were written as a conclusion by a well-known essayist and novelist of the 20th century: “but regarded simply as a politician, and compared with leading political figures of our time, how clean a smell he has managed to leave behind!” Who was the essayist and on whose political career was this essay written?

(a) E. M. Forster on Winston Churchill

(b) Graham Greene on John F. Kennedy

(c) Somerset Maugham on Charles de Gaulle

(d) George Orwell on Mohandas Gandhi

Q. 13 The author՚s “Foreword” of which book has the following words?

“The telling has not been easy. One must convey in a language that is not one՚s own; the spirit that is one՚s own. I use the word ‘alien,’ yet English is not really an alien language to us. It is the language of our intellectual make-up, like Sanskrit or Persian was before, but not of our emotional make-up. We are all instinctively bilingual, many of us writing in our own language and in English. We cannot write like the English. We should not. We cannot write only as Indians.”

(a) Midnight՚s Children

(b) Rajmohan՚s Wife

(c) Swami and Friends

(d) Kanthapura

Q. 14 Identify the novel whose preface begins with the following words:

The world is so taken up of late with novels and romances, that it will be hard for a private history to be taken for genuine, where the names and other circumstances of the person are concealed, and on this account, we must be content to leave the reader to pass his own opinion upon the ensuing sheet, and take it just as he pleases.

The author is here supposed to be writing her own history, and in the very beginning of her account she gives the reasons why she thinks fit to conceal her true name, after which there is no occasion to say any more about that.

(a) Samuel Richardson՚s Clarissa

(b) Elizabeth Gaskell՚s Mary Baron

(c) Daniel Defoe՚s Moll Flanders

(d) Charlotte Perkins Gilman, what Diantha did

Q 15. to Q 24. are MCQ type, where only one answer is correct. Each question carries two marks.

Q. 15 Match the two Columns

Match the Two Columns
i.Audience centrica.New Criticism
ii.Author Centricb.Romanticism
iii.World Centricc.Reader response Theory
ivText Centricd.Historicism

(a) i-b, ii-c, iii-d, iv-a

(b) i-d, ii-b, iii-a, iv-c

(c) i-c, ii-b, iii-d, iv-a

(d) i-c, ii-a, iii-b, iv-c

Q. 16 Literary canons in India՚s regional languages, primarily forged in the colonial period, took as their point of departure the premodern corpus of bhakti. The word ‘premodern’ in this context directs us to the ________.

(a) Persistence of idioms from the Indo-Islamic millennium in Indian Modernity

(b) The time before when the Crown formally assumed rule of India

(c) Oblivion of idioms from the Indo-Islamic millennium in Indian modernity

(d) Medieval epoch during which Muslim dynasties ruled

Q. 17 Eric Auerbach՚s argument about realism in European literature in Mimesis underscores ________ _ .

(a) How Western realism is different from non-Western realism

(b) How the West invented the idea of realism and made it the dominant generic mode of representation from the nineteenth century onwards

(c) How mankind has been harried by, and has therefore meditated on, reality since the beginning of time

(d) How the reality of present experience (the experience of the present) as a figure of the future has been an integral aspect of its literary tradition since ancient times

Q. 18 “A tragedy, then, is the imitation of an action that is long and also, as having magnitude, complete in itself; in language with pleasurable accessories, each kind brought in separately in the parts of the work; in ________; with incidents arousing pity and fear, wherewith to accomplish its catharsis of such emotions.”

Fill in the blanks in this definition of tragedy offered Aristotle, taken from the Ingram By water translation of Poetics.

(a) A dramatic, not in a narrative form

(b) A narrative, not in a poetic form

(c) A poetic, not in a dramatic form

(d) A dramatic, not in a poetic form

Q. 19 Who coined phrase “school of suspicion” (also known as the hermeneutics of suspicion) and about whom?

(a) Paul Ricoeur, about Nietzsche, Freud, and Marx

(b) Tristan Todorov, about Nietzsche, Freud, and Schopenhauer

(c) Roland Barthes, about Althusser, Derrida, and Lacan

(d) Louis Althusser, about Derrida, Marx, and Freud

Q. 20 In V. S. Naipaul՚s novel the Enigma of arrival, the first-person narrator as newly arrived in the English country side tries to re-imagine the English landscape from the point of view of an ex-colonial. What the novel does in this is to ________.

(a) Embrace the idea of an ‘English landscape’

(b) suggest that Trinidad and England represent two different kinds of landscapes, so incommensurable that they cannot be compared

(c) Posit England as a way of Forgetting′ Trinidad

(d) Present the ‘Specter of comparison’ where in the English landscape exerts a fascination for the ex-colonial

Q. 21 In Mahasweta Devi՚s story, ‘the Hunt,’ Mary from the oraon tribe ‘hunts’ the character about to sexually assault her. Devi՚s story is replete with images and metaphors drawn from the annual hunt that is a high point of the oraon calendar. Devi՚s sttempt in this story is to ________ .

(a) Celebrate the traditions of the indigenous people of India

(b) Show how the idea of power can be handed down as a gift ancestrally in the annual hunt, and can translate into Mary՚s ability to turn the tables against the predator

(c) Narrate how the bloodthirstiness of the hunt can be used by this Oraon woman to defend her self

(d) None of the other options

Q. 22 When the term ‘untranslatable’ is evoked in translation theory, the presumption or the implication is that ________.

(a) Genuine comparative literature is an impossibility

(b) Words and phrases are to be understood as lexical vestibules opening out into other languages and not exact equivalents

(c) Translation is a heuristic Process

(d) The richer the text is in one language, the more impossible it is to translate it: such texts should be left untranslated

Q 23. to Q 30. are MSQ type, where one or more answers are correct. Each question carries one marks.

Q. 23 Which among the following apply/applies to Amitav ghosh՚s book in an antique land?

(a) It is a history of early pharaonic Egypt

(b) It is a multi-generic book.

(c) It is a work of history in the guise of a traveller՚s tale.

(d) The ‘antique land’ refers to Egypt and the book is about the relationship India shares with Egypt.

Q. 24 In his essay “The Modest Proposal,” Jonathan Swift argues that best the colonized Irish can do is offer up their children for the English to feed on the rhetoric the essay deploys or the area of writing in which Swift excelled is/are

(a) Irony

(b) Innuendo

(c) Satire

(d) Double Entendre

Q, 25 Which of the following is/are written by M. G. Vassanji?

(a) Uhuru Street

(b) The In-Between World of Vikram Lall

(c) Cereus Blooms at Night

(d) Such a long Journey

Q. 26 The following – Arun Kolatkar, Adil Jussawala, Arvind Krishna Mehrotra, Namdeo Dhasal, Dom Moraes, Eunice de Souza – all _ ________.

(a) Wrote poetry primarily in the English language

(b) Can be described as ‘Bombay Poets’

(c) Were founding members of the art and craft scene of Bombay in the 1960s

(d) Were editors at the Bombay Literary Review in Different points in history

Q. 27 Which of the following is/are true of the Gutenberg Bible?

(a) It is the first ever printed book in the world

(b) It is an edition of the Latin Vulgate

(c) It was printed

(d) in s by Johannes Gutenberg in Mains, in present-day Germany.

Q. 28 Samuel Beckett՚s Krapp՚s last tape employs the banana motif throughout, to show which of the following?

(a) The text՚s affinity with ecology and environment

(b) The text՚s investment in the symbolic implications of the form and the colour of a banana

(c) Yhe text՚s close familiarity with the slapstick hum our of popular cinema

(d) The repetitiveness and futility of human goals

Q. 29 The Hunter commission of 1882 was presided by Sir Willian Hunter and was appointed by Lord Ripon, the then viceroy of India. With which among the following was the commission tasked with?

(a) To consider different aspects of education in India, Paying Particular attention to primary education.

(b) To set up colleges for women in three presidencies

(c) To design English literature curriculum for the natives

(d) To advocate education for the ‘lower’ castes

Q. 30 The William James՚s work the principles of psychology cast an influence on which of the following?

(a) The Rainbow

(b) The Sound and Fury

(c) Ulysses

(d) Mrs. Dalloway

Q 31. to Q 40. are MSQ type, where one or more answers are correct. Each question carries one marks.

Q. 31 Which of the following is/are true of jane Austen՚s novel pride Prejudice

(a) The Wickham subplot in pride and Prejudice is a parody of Henry Fielding՚s Tom Jones.

(b) Pride and Prejudice, published in 1813 in 3 volumes, was the first novel to be published with Jane Austen named as the author

(c) The novel reflects on the assumptions of the conduct book tradition popular in eighteenth-century England

(d) The phrase “pride and prejudice” was likely taken from Frances Burney՚s

Q. 32 Shakespeare՚s ‘Jacobean’ plays such as Titus Andronicus are sometimes described as tragic-comic. This play is marked by its embrace of a visceral kind of violence, especially when it is directed against the female protagonist of the play. What is/are plausible argument/s to explain the intermingling of violence and the comic in the play?

(a) It Indicated the play՚s affiliation with the economy of popular theatre, especially the violent and bloody revenge plays that remained popular all through the 16th century

(b) It brings out an element of the tragic that was not yet attained in the better- known ‘tragic’ plays such as Hamlet.

(c) It brings out the banality of gendered violence.

(d) It diminishes the seriousness of sexual violence and its impact on the audience.

Q. 33 Frantz Fanon՚s Black Skin, White Masks discusses ________.

(a) the tortured relation between a defeatist sense of blackness and whiteness envy.

(b) How the native in colonial conditions harbors the deepest desire to master the language of the colonizer, as proof of his worth.

(c) The failure of the Algerian anti-colonial movement

(d) The autho՚s experiences of anti-Black racism in Martinique as a child and later with the Free French forces during the Second World War

Q. 34 Which of the following statement/s are true of Christopher Marlowe?

(a) Marlowe is best known for his play the Spanish Tragedy

(b) Marlowe was one of the earliest writers to make innovative use of the blank verse.

(c) Marlowe՚s collection of plays, printed during his lifetime to great acclaim, was dedicated to Elizabeth I.

(d) Marlowe was one of the most well-known of Elizabethan playwrights and is known to have significantly influenced Willian Shakespeare

Q. 35 Which of the following, according to Sharan Kumar Limbale, is/are congruent to Dalit aesthetics?

(a) Anumana (speculation) and anubhava (experience) should both be used

(b) Works should evoke sympathy for Dalit individuals

(c) Linguistic experiments, especially ungrammatical formulations should be embraced

(d) The anger and distress Dalits Experience should beexpressed.

Q. 36 On which of the following theme՚s do Jyotirmoyee Devi՚s Epar Ganga, Opar Ganga (title of the English translation: The River Churning) , Anita Desai՚s clear light of day, and Bapsi Sidhwa՚s Ice-Candy man focus?

(a) Women as citizens and refugees in postcolonial South Asia

(b) The post-partition spin-offs in newly independent nation states in India and Pakistan

(c) Women՚s bodies as the site of the violence of nation-making

(d) The idea of nationalism as a patriotic ideal

Q. 37 In his essay on the ‘Storyteller’ Walter Benjamin draws in a story from Herodotus in the following way

“When the Egyptian king Psammenitus had been beaten and captured by the Persian king Cambyses, Cambyses was bent on humbling his prisoner. He gave orders to place Psammenitus on the road along which the Persian triumphal procession was to pass. And he further arranged that the prisoner should see his daughter pass by as a maid going to the well with her pitcher. While all the Egyptians were lamenting and bewailing this spectacle, Psammenitus stood alone, mute, and motionless, his eyes fixed procession to be executed, he likewise remained unmoved. But when afterwards he recognized one of his servants, an old, impoverished man, in the ranks of the prisoners, he beat his fists against his head and gave all the signs of deepest mourning. From this story it may be seen what the nature of true storytelling is. It resembles the seeds of grain which have lain for centuries in the chambers of the pyramids shut up air-tight and have retained their germinative power to this day.”

From this passage we may conclude that________.

(a) Stories and lore are incommunicable

(b) Stories harbor links to arcana and storytelling can help retrieve ancient secrets retained in them

(c) The sapiential (the link to traditions of wisdom) has always had a tie to storytelling.

(d) Some stories are universal and capture universal emotions, one of which is expressed in Psammenitus՚s crying

Q. 38 read the poem and answer the question below. Note that two other questions in this section are based on the same poem, but they may not appear in sequence.

Song for Refugees

By Philip Meters (2019)

After Mohamad Zatari⚹

Ooze, oud. Ease hearts whose eyes sink low.

Be hourglass in the pillaged O ________.

Be wells none see. Unstopped tears,

O oud, we gather in your bowl.

O ladle of ores, scoop ink here

Now seeping from the foreigner,

Be sighs, O oud, and cloven aches

In the dark of millions of ears.

Be gift for famished wails and wakes

To lacks and flares and tented stakes,

The lonely outer sounds of sleeves

Eating wind and drowning faces.

The oud՚s lovely ark that leaks

With tales and bromides, we can՚t keep,

And miles of ghosts before their sleep.

And miles of ghosts beneath our sleep.

[⚹Mohamad Zatari is an Arab classical musician: composer and soloist, he plays the oud, a short-neck, pear-shaped, lute-type stringed instrument.]

Which of the following is/are correct for the poem?

(a) It in the form of a Sonnet

(b) It deploys alliteration as well as assonance

(c) It follows a rhyme scheme of aabc, bbbb, dded, egg

(d) It alludes to a canonical American poem

Q. 39 read the poem and answer the question below. Note that two other questions in this section are based on the same poem, but they may not appear in sequence.

Song for Refugees

By Philip Meters (2019)

After Mohamad Zatari⚹

Ooze, oud. Ease hearts whose eyes sink low.

Be hourglass in the pillaged O ________.

Be wells none see. Unstopped tears,

O oud, we gather in your bowl.

O ladle of ores, scoop ink here

Now seeping from the foreigner,

Be sighs, O oud, and cloven aches

In the dark of millions of ears.

Be gift for famished wails and wakes

To lacks and flares and tented stakes,

The lonely outer sounds of sleeves

Eating wind and drowning faces.

The oud՚s lovely ark that leaks

With tales and bromides, we can՚t keep,

And miles of ghosts before their sleep.

And miles of ghosts beneath our sleep.

[⚹Mohamad Zatari is an Arab classical musician: composer and soloist, he plays the oud, a short-neck, pear-shaped, lute-type stringed instrument.]

Which of the following imahes is/are associated with the refugees in the poem?

(a) Miles of ghosts before their sleep

(b) Lonely outer sounds of sleeves

(c) Hearts whose eyes sink low

(d) Wells none see

Q. 40 read the poem and answer the question below. Note that two other questions in this section are based on the same poem, but they may not appear in sequence.

Song for Refugees

By Philip Meters (2019)

After Mohamad Zatari⚹

Ooze, oud. Ease hearts whose eyes sink low.

Be hourglass in the pillaged O ________.

Be wells none see. Unstopped tears,

O oud, we gather in your bowl.

O ladle of ores, scoop ink here

Now seeping from the foreigner,

Be sighs, O oud, and cloven aches

In the dark of millions of ears.

Be gift for famished wails and wakes

To lacks and flares and tented stakes,

The lonely outer sounds of sleeves

Eating wind and drowning faces.

The oud՚s lovely ark that leaks

With tales and bromides, we can՚t keep,

And miles of ghosts before their sleep.

And miles of ghosts beneath our sleep.

[⚹Mohamad Zatari is an Arab classical musician: composer and soloist, he plays the oud, a short-neck, pear-shaped, lute-type stringed instrument.]

Which of the following can be observed in the poem?

(a) All stanzas are addressed to the oud

(b) Refugees stand in the poem for universal human suffering.

(c) The “we” an “they” in the poem are related but are different entities.

(d) The oud is a metaphor for the refugees.

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