Model Paper (GATE-2021) : C6, Humanities and Social Sciences-Sociology

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Q1. to Q12. are MCQ where only one answer is correct. Each question carries one mark.

Q. 1 The book ‘Madness and Civilization’ was written by

(1) Robert. K. Merton.

(2) Max Weber.

(3) G. H. Mead

(4) Michel Foucault

Q. 2 The Appiko Movement is

(a) A religious cult

(b) A people՚s science movement

(c) An environmental movement

(d) A reformative Social Movement

Q. 3 Habitus is a concept popularized by

(a) Pierre Bordieu

(b) Emile Durkheim

(c) Alice Thorner

(d) Anthony Giddens

Q. 4 The law in India that deals with inter-caste and inter-religion marriages enacted in 1954 is

(a) The Indian Marriage Act.

(b) Section 377.

(c) The Special Marriage Act

(d) Inter Faith Marriages Act

Q. 5 When incompatible role demands are placed on a person by two or more statuses (with attached roles) held at the same time, it referred to as

(a) Deliberate Socialization

(b) Role Conflict.

(c) Cultural Strain

(d) Cultural Conflict

Q. 6 Which of the following sociologists studied why some peasant movements were ‘peaceful or constitutional agitations’ while others were ‘insurrectionary or rebellious’ ?

(a) Veena Das

(b) Satish Deshpande

(c) A. R. Desai

(d) D. N. Dhanagare

Q. 7 Consanguineal, Affinal and Social are types of

(a) Family

(b) Clan.

(c) Kinship

(d) Caste

Q. 8 With which sociological theory of development are the concepts of ‘core’ and ‘periphery’ associated?

(a) Dependency Theory

(b) World Systems Theory

(c) Structuration Theory

(d) Systems Theory

Q. 9 Who introduced the “Historical – Comparative” approach to Sociological research?

(a) Max Weber

(b) Auguste Comte

(c) Karl Marx

(d) Emile Durkheim

Q. 10 PESA Act Stands for

(a) Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Ares)

(b) Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Tribe Ares)

(c) Panchayats (Extension to States) Autonomy

(d) Provision for Extension to Scheduled Areas (Panchayats)

Q. 11 Which one of the following perspectives theorize the institution of family as being characterized by hierarchy, oppression, and unequal power relations?

(a) Conflict Perspective

(b) Functionalist Perspective

(c) Systems perspective

(d) Symbolic Interactionist Perspective

Q. 12 Honour killings as a form of punishment aims to protect and reaffirm the collective conscience in the face of acts which question its sanctity. This type of punishment is more a characteristic of ________ solidarity.

(a) Mechanical

(b) Organic

(c) Anomic

(d) Fatalistic

Q13. to Q20. are MSQ type, where one or more answers are correct. Each question carries one marks.

Q. 13 Folkways and mores are

(a) Folk art forms

(b) Forms of totem worship

(c) Informal norms of a society

(d) Informal or unwritten rules of a society

Q. 14 In his book “Distinction – A Social Critique of the judgement of Taste” . Bourdieu states that the consumption field is a site a site of struggle over the definitions of different types of culture. These include legitimate culture, and

(a) Popular culture

(b) Middlebrow culture

(c) Low-brow and Mass culture

(d) Mass culture

Q. 15 Which of these is/are not parts of Talcott Parsons՚ four functional imperatives in his AGIL model?

(a) Latency

(b) Interaction

(c) Goal Attainment

(d) Action

Q. 16 Which of the following can be associated with the work of the sociologist Sharmila Rege?

(a) Patriarchical - Savarna Standpoint

(b) Masculinization of Dalithood

(c) Dalit – Feminist Standpoint

(d) Bahujan – Feminist Standpoint

Q. 17 Which of these is or are not examples of a New Social Movement?

(a) Labour movement

(b) Workers Movement

(c) Environmental Movement

(d) Movement

Q. 18 Which of the following is or are not characteristics of Legitimacy?

(a) Coercive action

(b) Justification to exercise power

(c) Threat of Violence

(d) Consent of the people

Q. 19 Which of these terms are associated with auguste Comte?

(a) Social Physics

(b) Structural - Functionalism

(c) Positivism

(d) Phenomenology

Q. 20 Which one or more of the following are amongst the four types of caste stratification that Yogendra Singh Conceptualized?

(a) Cultural universalistic

(b) Functional Universalistic

(c) Functional Particularistic

(d) Cultural Particularistic

Q21. to Q30. are MCQ type, where only one answer is correct. Each question carries two marks.

Q. 21 Which of the following sociological perspectives view society as a system of interdependent and coordinated part?

(a) Functionalism

(b) Symbolic Interactionism

(c) Structuralism

(d) Conflict theory

Q. 22 The principle of ‘status summation’ is associated with

(a) The gap between ideal and real culture

(b) The achievements of an individual

(c) The idea of westernization

(d) The closed system of caste stratification

Q. 23 The Sachar Committee was set up to

(a) Examine the centre – state relationships on various portfolios and suggest changes

(b) Address the issues of housing the poor in India

(c) Study the social, economic, and educational conditions of Muslims in India

(d) Probe into the Thoothukudi police firing

Q. 24 Triangulation is a

(a) Form of descriptive research

(b) Combination of several research methods to study the same phenomenon

(c) Technique of cybernetic analysis

(d) Statistical package for the social sciences

Q. 25 For sociologists, attempting to understand or explain ‘why’ things go wrong (e. g. Crime, discrimination) is a

(a) Grand theory problem

(b) Sociological problem

(c) Social problem

(d) Social action problem

Q. 26 According to C. Wright-mills the method of ‘Sociological Imagination’ makes a distinction between

(a) ‘The private troubles of milieu’ and ‘the public issues of social structure’

(b) ‘The personal troubles of milieu’ and ‘the public issues of social structure’

(c) ‘The personal troubles of milieu’ and ‘the inequality issues of social structure’

(d) ‘The individual troubles of milieu’ and ‘the national of a society’

Q. 27 In the film “Rocket Singh – Salesman of the Year” , Rocket Singh refuses to pay bribes to meet sales targets, and is hence demoted, humiliated, and ridiculed by his office boss and colleagues. This is an example of

(a) Status Conflict

(b) Ascribed Status

(c) Role Conflict

(d) Role Strain

Q. 28 According to Peter Berger, if crime and revolution are ‘social’ problems, the ‘problems’ for the sociologist would be ________ and ________ respectively.

(a) Government and Law

(b) Society and Law

(c) Law and Government

(d) Police and Law

Q. 29 Defining cultures as “webs of significance” , Clifford Geertz states that in understanding the term ‘culture’ we need to sort out the “________”

(a) Structures of Signification

(b) Models of social functioning

(c) Modes of Structuration

(d) Functions of Signification

Q. 30 Which of the following id true regarding Charismatic leaders?

(i) Charismatic leaders might occasionally undermine the Rule of Law

(ii) Charismatic leaders might occasionally mobilize people to defy democratic values

(a) Both I and ii

(b) I only

(c) Neither i nor ii

(d) ii only

Q31. to Q40. are MSQ type, where one or more answers are correct. Each question carries two marks.

Q. 31 Voluntary action for social change are

(a) Mainly developmental in nature

(b) Purely political endeavors to influence policy making.

(c) None of the other options

(d) Merely awareness building activities for the public

Q. 32 In Marx՚s view, the source (s) of all value is/are

(a) Capital

(b) Nature and Capital

(c) Labour

(d) Nature

Q. 33 Which of the following is are not features or characteristics of caste as a system of social hierarchy?

(a) Exogamy

(b) Occupational Association

(c) Achieved Status

(d) Purity and pollution norms

Q. 34 Munib Rehaan was not interested in higher studies, but enrolled for a ph. D in Wisconsin University as his girlfriend was studying there, This is an example of ________ type of social action.

(a) Traditional - Rational

(b) Purposive - Rational

(c) Emotional

(d) Affective

Q. 35 The Gujarat riots of 2002 are widely perceived as revenge for the Godhra train burning incident. According to Durkheim revenge killings indicate a belief in

(a) Restitutive law

(b) Restorative law

(c) Retributive law

(d) Repressive law

Q. 36 Which of the following term or terms are associated with Karl Marx՚s theory of alienation?

(a) Surplus value

(b) Estrangement

(c) Species -essence

(d) Normlessness

Q. 37 Which of the criteria given below fits/fit the definition of a “dominant caste” as given by M N Srinivas?

(a) High position in the caste hierarchy

(b) Presence of gendered division of labour

(c) Political Power

(d) Belongs to non-twice-born caste

Q. 38 Read the excerpt from an article by Andre Beteille and answer the question below.

“Srinivas became the leading advocate of the field-view and the sociological approach, by which he meant an approach based on a careful and methodical examination of observed or observable facts. It does not treat religion as being either completely autonomous or as invariant. Eternal and unchanging. Religious beliefs and practices vary and change, and this must be examined in relation to variation and change in the structure of society. No religion operates independently of specific social arrangements, and Srinivas set out to show the two-way relationship between religion and social structure. This approach does not always find favour with religious bel”

Which of the following statements can be said to be true from a reading of the above excerpt?

(a) There is a two-way relationship between the social structure and religion

(b) Religion operates independently of specific social arrangements

(c) Sociology does not treat religion as unchanging

(d) Sociologists believe that religion is pure

Q. 39 Read the passage below by Margaret Mead and answer the question below.

“I concentrated upon girls of the community. I spent the greater part of my time with them. I studied most closely the households in which adolescent girls lives. I spent more time in the games of children than in the councils of their elders. Speaking their language, eating their food, sitting barefoot and cross-legged upon the pebbly floor, I did my best to minimize the differences between us and to learn to know and understand all the girls of three little villages on the coast of the little island of Tau, in the Manu՚a Archipelago.”

Which methodologies or research techniques are reflected in the above passage?

(a) Semi-structured interview

(b) Ethnography

(c) Survey research

(d) Participant observation

Q. 40 Which of the following sentences represent Erving Goffman՚s dramaturgical perspective?

(a) We imagine how others perceive us and respond to our feeling of their judgment of us

(b) Social life is a ‘performance’ carried out by ‘teams’ if participants

(c) Social life is a ‘drama’ performed by ‘groups’ of participants

(d) Performance takes place in the ‘front stage’ , ‘back stage’ , and ‘off stage’ .