GMAT Exam: Grammar Rules for GMAT Verbal, Modifiers, Parallelism, Pronoun, Comparison

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Grammar Rules for GMAT Verbal


  • Modifiers include clauses, words, or phrases that describe other parts of a sentence.
  • For example, I՚m going to the Madras Café for a vegetarian burger. In this sentence, the word “burger” is modified by the word “vegetarian” .
  • Dangling modifier:
    • When a modifier is not modifying a specific word.
    • Most common modifier-related errors.
    • The modifying phrase is misplaced.
    • Describes the incorrect word or phrase.
  • For example, after consulting a selection of current authors, this book has been shortlisted. In this sentence it is not clear who is consulting the selection of current authors.

Subject Verb Agreement

  • In number (singular or plural) , the Subjects and Verbs must agree with one another.
  • A singular subject should be followed by a singular verb whereas a plural subject should be followed by a plural verb.


  • Footballs roll across the floor.
  • Salt and flour are needed for the recipe.


A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun.

For example, I saw John Smith at Whole Foods. John Smith is hilarious.

The above sentence becomes “I saw John Smith at Whole Foods; he is hilarious.”

Common Pronouns

Common Pronouns


Like vs. As

  • The words appear similar and hence confusing.
  • Specifically, ‘like’ compares two nouns.
  • ‘As’ compares two clauses.
  • As is always followed by a second verb. Whereas ‘Like’ isn՚t followed by a second verb.

Between vs. Among

‘Between’ is used while comparing a direct relationship between two items. Whereas ‘Among’ is used while comparing a group of items.

Either vs Neither

  • If ‘either’ is used to compare two items, ‘or’ is used.
  • If ‘neither’ is used to compare two items, ‘nor’ is used.


  • It requires the verbs in a sentence to be in a similar form.
  • It is the repetition of repetition of words, structure, or other grammatical elements in writing and speaking.
  • Phrases that constitute a sentence must be parallel.


You get what you get.

No pain, no gain.

The team went on to win the match and win the hearts of the audience too.


  • The verb՚s structure will change depending on the tense of a verb – past, present, or future.
  • Three categories define a verb՚s state:
    • Simple, continuous, and perfect

Simple Tense

For example, “I will play tonight.”

Continuous Tense

For example, I was sleeping when the meal arrived.

Perfect Tense

For example, I had been watching TV for two hours when I ordered the meal.

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