# Critical Reasoning GMAT Questions

Time duration: 30 minutes

Direction: Select the best answer among the mentioned alternative for every question-

1. Myra: The number of freeway accidents this year in the state of North Carolina, where the speed limit on free ways was lowered to fifty miles an hour two years ago is clear evidence that speed restrictions, rigorously enforced make drivers more aware of the dangers of going too fast. Lewis: Wrong. A close look at the records shows that the number of freeway accidents has been falling ever since the formation of a new special traffic division, which happened two years before the lowering of the speed limit. Which of the following best elaborates the weak point in Myra's statement upon which Lewis focuses?

1. The decrease in freeway accidents may be a temporary phenomenon.

2. The evidence Myra cites comes only from one source-the state of North Carolina.

3. Myra's claim leaves open the possibility that the cause she cities came after the effect she attributes to it.

5. No mention is made of deaths caused on roads other than freeways.

2. Assume that you are a prisoner. Two prison guards, Jake and Jim, defend two doors. One door leads to death, the other to your life and freedom. Each of the guards either always tells the truth or always lies. Both may be truth-tellers, both may be liars or one may be a liar and the other a truth-teller. You are allowed to choose from the following questions to find out which door leads to your release.

2. Are you guarding the door to life and liberty?

4. Are you telling the truth?

Which of the following combinations of questions will take you towards freedom?

1. 3 to Jake, 4 to Jim, 2 to Jake.

2. 3 to Jim, 2 to Jake, 1 to Jim.

3. 2 to Jim, 2 to Jake, 3 to Jake.

4. 4 to Jim, 1 to Jim, 2 to Jake.

5. 1 to Jim, 1 to Jake, 2 to Jim.

3. The Pistons have more points than the Nuggets. The Bullets have less points than the Lakers. The Nuggets and the Suns have the same number of points. The Sun have more points than the Bullets. If the above statement is true, Then which of the following must also be true?

1. The Nuggets have fewer points than the Bullets.

2. The Pistons have more points than the Bullets.

3. The Nuggets have fewer points than the Lakers

4. The Lakers have more points than the Pistons.

5. The Lakers have more points than the Suns.

4. A train leaves New Jersey for New York every minute, all trains traveling on the same line. At the same time and leaving at the same one-minute intervals, trains make the journey in the opposite direction (New York to New Jersey) traveling all the time on rails parallel to the New York-bound trains. All the trains complete the 60-mile journey in exactly one hour. No other trains use these tracks. Given the above facts, which of the following conclusions cannot be made?

1. A train leaving New Jersey at 3 P. M. After the latter has completed one quarter of its journey.

2. The 3: 30 P. M. Out of New York will reach its destination before the train due to arrive in New York at 6 P. M. Has left its home station.

3. The train that leaves New York at 4 P. M. Will pass 60 trains during its journey.

4. The average speed of the train that leaves New York at 5 P. M. Is 60 miles per hour.

5. None of the above:

5. A politician wrote the following: “I realize there are some short-comings to the questionnaire method. However, since I send a copy of the questionnaire to every home in the district, I believe the results are quite representative…I think the numbers received are so large that it is quite accurate even though the survey is not done scientifically.” The writer of the above statement makes which of the following assumptions:

1. Most people who received the questionnaire have replied.

2. Most people in the district live in homes.

3. The questionnaire method of data collection is unscientific.

4. The large number of replies means that a high proportion of those sampled have replied.

5. A large, absolute number of replies is synonymous with accuracy.

6. In 1970, Transylvania earned \$1 million in tourist revenue. By 1990, tourist revenue doubled, and in 2000 it reached the sum of \$4 million. Each of the following, if true, may elaborate the trend in tourist revenue except:

1. The number of tourists has increased from 1970 to 2000.

2. Average expenditure per tourist has increased.

3. Average stay per tourist has increased.

4. The number of total hotel rooms has increased.

5. The average price of tourist services has increased.

7. Donors are almost never offended by being asked for too much (in fact, they are generally flattered). And if you ask for too much, your donor can always suggest a smaller amount. On the other hand, donors are frequently offended by being asked for too little. A common reaction is “So that's all they think I am worth.” The above statement is based on the assumption that:

1. Donors are generally never asked enough.

2. A good fund-raiser will value the worth of the donor.

3. It is worth the gamble to ask for large donations.

4. Fund-raisers often think that donors are incapable of giving much.

5. Donors are seldom offended by fund-raisers.

8. One major obligation of the social psychologist is to provide his own discipline, the other social sciences and interested laymen with conceptual tools that will increase the range and the reliability of their understanding of social phenomena. Beyond that, responsible government officials are today turning more frequently to the social scientist for insights into the nature and solution of the problems with which they are confronted. The above argument based on the assumption that:

1. Social psychologists must have a strong background in other sciences as well as their own.

2. A study of social psychology should be a part of the curriculum of government officials.

3. The social scientist has an obligation to provide the means by which social phenomena are little understood by those outside the field of social psychology.

4. A good social psychologist is obligated principally by the need to solve interdisciplinary problems.

9. Now problems require new solutions. And new problems arise with new populations and new technologies. The solutions of these problems require new institutions as well as new political, economic, and social mechanisms, Yet institutions and political and economic arrangements grow slowly, new institutions should be given every chance of success. The writer of the above makes which of the following assumptions:

1. New institutions are required because old institutions are inefficient.

2. New institutions are created in order to solve existing problems

3. As old institutions are phased out, new ones take their place.

4. If there were no growth, old institutions would die more slowly.

5. Socio-technological change requires new forms of institutional arrangements.

10. About 40% of American husbands think it is a good idea for wives with school-age children to work outside the home. Only one out of ten German household heads approves of mothers working of school-age children live at home. Every second American wife and every third German wife with school-age children has a job outside her home. If the above is correct, which of the following must be true?

1. More German than American wives work outside the home.

2. Employment opportunities for American wives are greater than for German husbands.

3. German husbands have more conservative attitudes than American husbands.

4. German husbands would seem to be less satisfied about working wives who have school-age children than American husbands.

5. German women have fewer children than American women.

11. The states of New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and California provide extensive free higher education to their residents. These states are representative of different geographic areas of the United States. There is little reason why most states cannot provide the same service to their residents. Which of the following if true, would weaken the above argument?

1. Free education is not guaranteed by the constitution.

2. New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and California have more qualified high school graduates than other states.

3. Most other states do not have the tax base that New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and California have.

4. Other states do not have as may high school graduates.

5. Quality education cannot be free; it must be paid for:

12. Professor Archibald had the task of giving grades i.e.. Ranging from A-D in descending value to his 100 students on the basis of the marks they received in three examinations in which the passing mark was 50%. He is guided to follow the following criteria:

All students who scored between 30 and 100% in any two examinations could receive an A grade.

Students that came in the top decile overall were to be awarded an A.

Notwithstanding I and II, if any student failed a paper, the highest he or she could get was a B.

The top 20 students in the whole year, when the overall exam percentages were averaged, could receive an A.

Given the above criteria, which of the following in the absence of further information, would definitely not be permissible?

1. Brown scored 95% in Chemistry and 92% in Biology, received a B grade.

2. White, who was first in Physics and got 96% in History, received a B grade.

3. Green failed English but, because he ranked ninth overall out of the 100 students, he was awarded an A grade.

4. Black was given an A after he came in twentieth out of the 100 students and failed to get above 90% in any of the three examinations.

5. Gray failed his Math paper, but came in top in his other two tests and was awarded a B.