UPSC IAS Mains GS Syllabus and Important Topics for 2022

Click here to read Current Affairs & GS.

General Study Paper 1

  • History:
    • Art & Culture
    • Literature
    • India before Independence (British policy, (Significant events, personalities, issue, Freedom Struggle, Contributors from different parts of the country)
    • India after Independence (Slogan, Person Contribution)
    • World history (Industrial revolution, WWs, redrawn boundaries, colonisation, decolonisation, communism, capitalism, socialism and their effect)
  • Social Science:
    • Caste, Religion, Region (Debates, Communalism, Regionalism, Secularism; Social Empowerment
    • Poverty, Population, Globalization (Diversity of India, Globalization)
    • Role of Women and women՚s organisation (effects of globalization on women in India, Sex-Ratio, Gender)
  • Geography:
    • Physical (Earthquakes, tsunami, volcanoes, cyclones, land sides, Islands; Geographical features and location)
    • Climates and disaster related (Critical geographical features, flora, fauna, changes and effects thereof)
    • Resource distribution (Distribution of key natural resources with world, S. Asia, Indian subcontinent, issues)
    • Factors affecting industrial locations (primary, secondary, tertiary; India, world)
    • Urbanization (Problems and remedies)

General Study Paper 2

Strongly paper related with current affairs and Federal constitution, Quasi-Judicial body, Indian governance system and other topics.

  • Supreme Court: Basic Structure Binds Parliament of India
  • Federal constitution, Quasi-Judicial body, Indian governance system
  • Govt. Social Welfare Scheme
  • Federalism in India
  • Indian Foreign Policy
  • Socio-Economic Development in India
  • Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization
  • Indus Water Treaty and Indo-Pak Analysis

General Study Paper 3

  • Economy:
    • Economic growth in India, Employment
    • Gold Monetization Scheme
  • Capitalism
    • Provisions of bill and implication
    • Inclusive growth and issues therein
    • Liberalization, Changes in Industrial policy,
    • Government budgeting (Subsidies in India, FRBM act 2003, Tax expenditure, GST in India)
    • Infrastructure (Energy, ports, roads, airports, railways, transport policy, infrastructure project, PPP model)
    • Investment models (FDI)
    • Trade pattern of economy
  • Agriculture:
    • Farming (E-technology, Marketing, Development)
    • Food processing and related industry in India
    • Food security, Issues
    • Land reforms in India
  • Science:
    • Environment (Conservation, Pollution, Environmental impact Assessment, Power plant, Green energy corridor)
    • Science-technology (Projects, Programmes and scheme, developments and everyday applications & effects; Awareness in fields of IT, Space, Computers, Robotics, Nanotech, Biotech, IPR issues, New technology)
    • Disaster management
  • Security:
    • Linkages between Development & spread of Extremism
    • Cyber security and social media (Digital signature, Social networking site, Cyber warfare, Policy, Security forces)
    • Cross border, money laundering, Org. Crime

General Study Paper 4

  • Ethics:
    • Ethics- Basic theory (Law and ethics, Value and ethics, Environmental ethics, Different types, Ethical management, Human interface)
    • Emotional Intelligence (Concepts, utility & application in administration and governance, Negative emotion, Happiness, Term related conscience)
    • Thinkers and Reformers (Contributions of Moral Thinkers & Philosophers from India and world; human value lessons from great leaders, reformers & administrators, Different leaders concepts)
  • Surrounding:
    • Attitude, Politics and ethics
    • Moral and Political Attitudes
    • Family, Society (Role of family, society, educational institutions in inculcating values, Social problems
    • Social influence and Persuasion
    • Sarkaari Job Values (Civil Service aptitude & foundational values (integrity, impartiality, non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, Various issues,
  • Public organizations:
    • Strengthening of ethical & moral values in governance
    • Public service values & Ethics in Public Administration
    • Accountability & ethical governance
    • Philosophical basis of governance and probity