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Examrace IAS Mains Psychology Optional Series

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"Winning tips","Pointwise and comprehensive","Accurate and to the point"


ISBN: 978-0-9829216-0-9
First edition: 24-May-2010 Last revised:

Rs. 990.00

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Confidently score in psychology-a subject that is scientific but has the essence of social sciences. Take first step to success with our carefully and systematically designed Examrace IAS Psychology Series:

  • Comprehensively covers the entire syllabus emphasizing the most important topics of Psychology.

  • Provides a lucid and explanatory style of writing making it really simple even for the beginners.

  • Extra focus on concepts, connectivity, application, analysis and linking concepts with applicability in real world scenario.

  • Includes theories, applications and research quotes for writing answers.

  • Applied psychology section is something which is hard to find anywhere in such an organized and pointwise manner, Examrace IAS Psychology Series correspondence course aims to provide you with utmost simplification, making applied psychology a real fun.

  • Retention is what matters! Study material is formulated in point-wise manner to help remember and aid faster retention.

  • Numerous journals and research papers in psychology are referred to design this material.

  • Quality is what we aim at! This material rules out the junk and provides quality and relevant material.

  • Develops skill of linking, writing and application beyond the bookish knowledge required for IAS mains examination.

  • Numerous instances and real life examples to support explanations in IAS Mains Psychology.

Volume I Chapters:

  • Introduction to Psychology
  • Methods of Psychology
  • Research Aptitude
  • Statistics & Research Methods in Psychology
  • Focused Group Discussions
  • Grounded Theory Approach
  • Brainstorming
  • Development of Human Behavior
  • Biological Basis of Psychology

Volume II Chapters:

  • Sensation, Attention & Perception
  • Learning
  • Memory
  • Forgetting
  • Thinking
  • Reasoning
  • Problem Solving
  • Concept Formation
  • Emotion
  • Motivation
  • Theories of Motivation & Work Motivation

Volume III Chapters:

  • Intelligence
  • Aptitude
  • Creativity
  • Personality
  • Attitude
  • Values
  • Interests
  • Language
  • Communication

Volume IV Chapters:

  • Applied Psychology
  • Role of Psychology in IT & Mass Media
  • Computer Application in Psychological Laboratory & Testing
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Psycho-cybernetic Imagery
  • Extrasensory Perception
  • Psychological Tests & Individual Differences
  • Mental Disorders
  • Drugs & its Induced Changes

Volume V Chapters:

  • Sleep & Dreams
  • Environmental Psychology
  • Therapeutic Approaches
  • Work Psychology & Organizational Behavior
  • Psychology of Economic Development

Volume VI Chapters:

  • Educational Psychology
  • Community Psychology
  • Psychology of Disadvantaged Groups
  • Psychology of Social Integration
  • Political Psychology
  • Rehabilitation Psychology
  • Population Psychology

Volume VII Chapters:

  • Military Psychology
  • Sports Psychology
  • Psychology of Terrorism
  • Psychology of Gender
  • Appendix-I: Important Model Questions
  • Appendix-II: Psychology Glossary

Detailed Coverage

The study material includes the following list of topics:

CHAPTER 1: Introduction to Psychology


Concept and Meaning of Psychology


Characteristics and Nature of Psychology


Process of Psychological Inferences


Psychology and its Relation to Other Sciences


Scope and Branches of Psychology


Applications and Utility of Psychology


Major Psychological Terms


Schools of Psychology


History of Psychology

CHAPTER 2: Methods of Psychology


Sampling Design


Methods of Collection of Primary Data


Collection of Secondary Data


Characteristics of Measurement










Case Study




Rating Scales


Projective Techniques




Situational Test


Experimental Methods


Psychometric Methods


Psychophysical Methods


Methodological Problems in Psychology

CHAPTER 3: Research Aptitude


Scientific Research


Types of Research


Diagnostic Research


Prognostic Research


Research Design








Format of Scientific Reporting


Types of Psychological Research


Laboratory Experiment


Field Experiment


Field Studies


Survey Research


Experimental Design

CHAPTER 4: Statistics and Research Methods In Psychology


Application of Statistics in Psychology


Basic Descriptive Statistics


Measures of Central Tendency




Measures of Variation


Inferential Statistics


Common Statistical Tests in Psychology




ANOVA or F-Test


Factor Analysis


Regression Analysis


Item Response Theory

CHAPTER 5: Focused Group Discussions (FGD)


Purpose of FGD


Situations not Suitable for FGD


Tips and Procedure to Conduct FGD


Strengths of FGD


Limitations of FGD

CHAPTER 6: Grounded Theory Approach


Concept and Definition


Elements of Grounded Theory Approach


Applications of Grounded Theory Approach


Research Method: Grounded Theory Approach


Analysis of Grounded Theory


Judging Grounded Theory

CHAPTER 7: Brainstorming


Concept of Brainstorming


Basic Rules of Brainstorming


Steps of Brainstorming


Brainstorming Types


Brainstorming Techniques


Benefits of Brainstorming

CHAPTER 8: Development of Human Behavior


Hereditary and Environment (Nature or Nurture Issue)


Learning and Maturation


Culture and Personality


Measurement of Human Behavior




National Character

CHAPTER 9: Biological Basis of Psychology






Transmission of a Nerve Impulse


Brain and Nervous System

CHAPTER 10: Sensation, Attention and Perception


Introduction to Sensation and Perception






Depth Perception


Classification of Perception


Theories of Pain Perception


Selective Perception


Theories of Perception


Person Perception


Attribution Theory


Perception and Personality


Signal Detection Theory






Culture and Perception


Subliminal Perception


Plasticity of Perception


Intersensory Perception


Simulation Studies

CHAPTER 11: Learning


Important Definitions


Sensitization and Habituation


Characteristics of Learning


Factors in Human Learning


Factors affecting Learning


Organic Model of Man


Humanistic Model of Man


Mechanical Model of Man


Important Research


Thorndike’s Theory


Classical Conditioning


Operant Conditioning










Behavior Modification


Social Learning Theory


Observational Learning


Contingency Theory


Tolman’s Purposive Behavior


Cognitive Learning (S-S Learning)


Latent Learning




Programmed Learning


Discrimination Learning Theory

CHAPTER 12: Memory




Basics of Memory


Models of Memory


Memory Process


Measurement of Memory


Factors affecting Memorization




Papez’s Circuit




Anterograde vs. Retrograde Amnesia


Retrograde Amnesia





CHAPTER 13: Forgetting


Concept and Definition


Ebbinghaus Forgetting Curve


Factors affecting Rate of Forgetting


Methods for Increasing the Strength of Memory


Factors affecting Forgetting


Types of Forgetting


Theories of Forgetting

CHAPTER 14: Thinking




Characteristics of Thinking


Tools of Thinking


Types of Thinking

CHAPTER 15: Reasoning


Concept and Definition


Types of Reasoning

CHAPTER 16: Problem Solving


Concept and Definition


Nature of Problem-Solving Behavior


Rules in Problem Solving


Steps in Problem Solving


Factors Influencing Problem Solving

CHAPTER 17: Concept Formation




Characteristics of Concepts


Ways of Concept Formation


Characteristics of Concept Formation


Types of Concepts


Process of Concept Formation


Steps in Concept Formation


Factors influencing Concept Learning


Factors Affecting Concept Learning


Factors Affecting Concept Attainment


Strategies of Concept Formation

CHAPTER 18: Emotion


Concept and Definition of Emotion


Characteristics of Emotions


Factors Affecting Emotions


Plutchik’s Emotional Wheel


Measurement of Emotions


Physiological Basis of Emotions


Effects of Emotions


Main Areas Involved with Emotions


Theories of Emotion

CHAPTER 19: Motivation


Concept and Definition of Motivation


Motivational Cycle


Characteristics of Motivation


Motivational Process


Sources of Motivation


Demotivating Factors


Causes of Motivation




Important Terminology


Classification of Needs


Measurement of Motivation

CHAPTER 20: Theories of Motivation and Work Motivation


Instinct Theory


Drive Reduction Theory


Arousal Theory


Psychoanalytic Theory


Alder’s Social Urge Theory


Need Hierarchy Theory


Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory


Escape Theory


Expectancy Theory


Skinner’s Behavior Modification Theory


Acquired Needs Theory


Attribution Theory


Cognitive Dissonance Theory


ERG Theory


Consistency Theory


Self-Determination Theory (SDT)


Opponent-Process Theory


Attitude-Behavior Consistency


Reward Theory (Incentive Theory)


Carrot and Stick Theory


Fear of Punishment Theory


Pareek’s Integrated Theory


Likert’s Approach to Motivation


Theory X and Theory Y


Lewin’s Field Theory


The Porter and Lawler Model


Adam’s Equity Theory

CHAPTER 21: Intelligence


Concept and Definition of Intelligence


Characteristics of Intelligence


Functions of Intelligence


Operations of Intelligence


Factors affecting Intelligence


Theories of Intelligence




Deviation IQ


Constancy of IQ


Social Intelligence


Emotional Intelligence


Measurement of Intelligence


Common Subtests


Common Intelligence Tests

CHAPTER 22: Aptitude


Concept and Definition of Aptitude


Characteristics of Aptitude


Assumptions of Aptitude Concept


Application of Aptitude in Various Branches


Aptitude Test


Some Important Tests


Limitations of Aptitude Tests

CHAPTER 23: Creativity


Concept and Definition of Creativity


Characteristics of Creativity


Nature of Creativity


Stimulation of Creativity


Characteristics of Creative Person


Creative Process


Levels of Creativity


Some Major Creativity Tests


Procedure for Constructing Creative Tests


Teaching Problem Solving


Teaching Creativity

CHAPTER 24: Personality


Definitions and Concepts


Characteristics of Personality


Traits of Personality


Determinants of Personality


Theories of Personality


Type Approach


Trait Approach


Type-cum-Trait Approach


Psychoanalytic Approach


Humanistic Approach


Learning Approach


Big Five Theory of Personality


Measurement of Personality

CHAPTER 25: Attitude


Concept and Definition of Attitude


Characteristics of Attitude


Formation of Attitude


Approaches to Study Attitude


Benefits of Positive Attitude


Consequences of Negative Attitude


Determinants of Attitude


Factors affecting Attitude Development


Difference between Attitude and Opinion


Attitude Change


Theories of Attitude Change


Measurement of Attitude

CHAPTER 26: Values


Concept and Definition of Values


Characteristics of Values


Motivational Property of Values


Rokeach Description of Types of Values


Tests of Values

CHAPTER 27: Interests


Concept and Definition of Interests


Characteristics of Interests


Interest Tests


Measurement of Interests

CHAPTER 28: Language


Concept and Definition of Language


Linguistic Relativity


Rules of Grammar and Syntax


Units of Language


Structure of Language




Stages of Language Development


Theories of Language Development


Linguistic Hierarchy


Critical Period Hypothesis


Language Acquisition

CHAPTER 29: Communication


Concept and Definition of Communication


Communication Terminology


Importance of Communication


Characteristics of Good Communication


Components of Communication


Objectives of Communication


Communication Situations


Barriers to Communication


Steps to Remove Communication Barriers


Process of Two-Way Communication


Factors affecting Communication


Effective Communication


Active Listening


Developmental Process of Communication in Children


Group Communication


Methods of Communication


Mediums of Communication


Complexities of Communication System


Types of Communication


Grapevine Communication


Information Overload

CHAPTER 30: Applied Psychology


Concept of Applied Psychology


Nature, Scope and Branches of Applied Psychology


Problems in Applied Psychology

CHAPTER 31: Role of Psychology in Information Technology and Mass Media




Information Overload


Management of Information Systems (MIS)


Technology and its Impact on Human Behavior

CHAPTER 32: Computer Application in Psychology


Steps and Stages of Computer Application


Contribution of Computer to Psychological Studies


Applications of Computers to Psychology


Computer Software and Systems used in Psychology


Steps for Implementation of Computer Applications


Extent of Computerization

CHAPTER 33: Artificial Intelligence (AI)


Definition and Concepts


Fields of AI


AI Techniques


Applications of AI


Problems in AI

CHAPTER 34: Psycho-cybernetic Imagery




Psycho-cybernetic Imagery

CHAPTER 35: Extrasensory Perception


Definition and Concepts


Scope and Types of ESP


Criticism of ESP

CHAPTER 36: Psychological Tests and Individual Differences


Psychological Tests


Individual Differences

CHAPTER 37: Mental Disorders


Mental Health


Happiness Disposition






Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)




Depressive Neurosis




Difference between Neurosis and Psychosis












Mood Disorder


Manic Depressive Disorder


Personality Disorder


Substance Use Disorder

CHAPTER 38: Drugs and Its Induced Changes


Definition and Concepts


Categories of Drugs


Some Common Drugs

CHAPTER 39: Sleep and Dreams


Concept of Sleep


Sleep Measurement


Timing of Sleep


Types or Stages of Sleep


Pattern of Sleep (Hypnogram)




Sleep Theories


Functions of Sleep


Optimal Amounts of Sleep


Sleep Disorders




Dream Content


Dream Theories

CHAPTER 40: Environmental Psychology


Concept of Environmental Psychology


Perspectives of Environmental Psychology


Elements of Environmental Psychology


Areas of Study


Approaches to Environmental Psychology


Scope of Environmental Psychology

CHAPTER 41: Therapeutic Approaches


Group Therapy




Meditation or Dhayan






Behavioral Therapy


Humanistic Therapy


Cognitive Therapy


Existential Therapy




Biofeedback Therapy


Activity Therapy



CHAPTER 42: Work Psychology and Organizational Behavior




Human Resource Management












Participative Management








Sensitivity Training

CHAPTER 43: Psychology of Economic Development


Entrepreneur and Entrepreneurship


Achievement Motivation


Consumer Protection and Consumer Courts

CHAPTER 44: Educational Psychology


Career Counseling


Educational Guidance


Vocational Guidance


Psychological Tests in Educational Institutions


Exceptional Children


Physical Handicapped


Gifted Children


Creative Children


Mentally Retarded Child


Educationally Backward Child


Learning Disabled Child


Adolescent in Learning Situation

CHAPTER 45: Community Psychology


Social Change


Small Groups



CHAPTER 46: Psychology of Disadvantaged Groups


Disadvantages Group


Classification of Disadvantaged Groups


Criteria Used to Determine Disadvantaged Groups



CHAPTER 47: Psychology of Social Integration






Social Integration

CHAPTER 48: Political Psychology


Concept of Political Psychology


Concepts of Political Psychology

CHAPTER 49: Rehabilitation Psychology




Social Deviance




Psychology of Law


Juvenile Delinquency






Problem of Aged


Drugs and Drug Addiction


Disease Prevention

CHAPTER 50: Population Psychology


Important Research in Population Psychology


Effects of Change in Role of Women


Reasons for Acceptance of Smaller Family



CHAPTER 51: Military Psychology


Introduction to Military Psychology


Perceiving and Performance


Selection and Recruitment


Issues Faced by Military Personnel


Human Problems in Aviation and Space


Human Engineering in Defense

CHAPTER 52: Sports Psychology




Sporting Excellence


Goal Setting


Training of Sports Personnel

CHAPTER 53: Psychology of Terrorism


Important Definitions


Stages of World Terrorism


Terrorist Motivating Factors


Kinds of Terrorist Aggression


Reasons for Spreading Terror


Approaches to Understand Psychic of Terrorists


Important Research on Psychology of Terrorism

CHAPTER 54: Psychology of Gender


Introduction to Gender Psychology


History: Psychology of Gender


Stereotypes, Prejudice, Discrimination and Gender Discrimination


The Emergence of Gender Psychology


Theory of Development of Gender Psychology


Developmental Issues: Gender Psychology


Gender Therapy


Self-Fulfilling Prophecy


Glass Ceiling Effect


Women and Indian Society


Government Policies for Promotion of Women Entrepreneurship



Appendix 1: Important Model Questions


Appendix 2: Glossary


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