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Examrace IAS Mains Psychology Optional Series

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ISBN: 978-0-9829216-0-9
First edition: 24-May-2010 Last revised:

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Confidently score in psychology-a subject that is scientific but has the essence of social sciences. Take first step to success with our carefully and systematically designed Examrace IAS Psychology Series:

  • Comprehensively covers the entire syllabus emphasizing the most important topics of Psychology.

  • Provides a lucid and explanatory style of writing making it really simple even for the beginners.

  • Extra focus on concepts, connectivity, application, analysis and linking concepts with applicability in real world scenario.

  • Includes theories, applications and research quotes for writing answers.

  • Applied psychology section is something which is hard to find anywhere in such an organized and pointwise manner, Examrace IAS Psychology Series correspondence course aims to provide you with utmost simplification, making applied psychology a real fun.

  • Retention is what matters! Study material is formulated in point-wise manner to help remember and aid faster retention.

  • Numerous journals and research papers in psychology are referred to design this material.

  • Quality is what we aim at! This material rules out the junk and provides quality and relevant material.

  • Develops skill of linking, writing and application beyond the bookish knowledge required for IAS mains examination.

  • Numerous instances and real life examples to support explanations in IAS Mains Psychology.

Volume I Chapters:

  • Introduction to Psychology
  • Methods of Psychology
  • Research Aptitude
  • Statistics & Research Methods in Psychology
  • Focused Group Discussions
  • Grounded Theory Approach
  • Brainstorming
  • Development of Human Behavior
  • Biological Basis of Psychology

Volume II Chapters:

  • Sensation, Attention & Perception
  • Learning
  • Memory
  • Forgetting
  • Thinking
  • Reasoning
  • Problem Solving
  • Concept Formation
  • Emotion
  • Motivation
  • Theories of Motivation & Work Motivation

Volume III Chapters:

  • Intelligence
  • Aptitude
  • Creativity
  • Personality
  • Attitude
  • Values
  • Interests
  • Language
  • Communication

Volume IV Chapters:

  • Applied Psychology
  • Role of Psychology in IT & Mass Media
  • Computer Application in Psychological Laboratory & Testing
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Psycho-cybernetic Imagery
  • Extrasensory Perception
  • Psychological Tests & Individual Differences
  • Mental Disorders
  • Drugs & its Induced Changes

Volume V Chapters:

  • Sleep & Dreams
  • Environmental Psychology
  • Therapeutic Approaches
  • Work Psychology & Organizational Behavior
  • Psychology of Economic Development

Volume VI Chapters:

  • Educational Psychology
  • Community Psychology
  • Psychology of Disadvantaged Groups
  • Psychology of Social Integration
  • Political Psychology
  • Rehabilitation Psychology
  • Population Psychology

Volume VII Chapters:

  • Military Psychology
  • Sports Psychology
  • Psychology of Terrorism
  • Psychology of Gender
  • Appendix-I: Important Model Questions
  • Appendix-II: Psychology Glossary

Detailed Coverage

The study material includes the following list of topics:

CHAPTER 1: Introduction to Psychology

    

Concept and Meaning of Psychology

    

Characteristics and Nature of Psychology

    

Process of Psychological Inferences

    

Psychology and its Relation to Other Sciences

    

Scope and Branches of Psychology

    

Applications and Utility of Psychology

    

Major Psychological Terms

    

Schools of Psychology

    

History of Psychology

CHAPTER 2: Methods of Psychology

    

Sampling Design

    

Methods of Collection of Primary Data

    

Collection of Secondary Data

    

Characteristics of Measurement

    

Introspection

    

Interview

    

Questionnaires

    

Schedules

    

Case Study

    

Observation

    

Rating Scales

    

Projective Techniques

    

Sociometry

    

Situational Test

    

Experimental Methods

    

Psychometric Methods

    

Psychophysical Methods

    

Methodological Problems in Psychology

CHAPTER 3: Research Aptitude

    

Scientific Research

    

Types of Research

    

Diagnostic Research

    

Prognostic Research

    

Research Design

    

Hypothesis

    

Variables

    

Sampling

    

Format of Scientific Reporting

    

Types of Psychological Research

    

Laboratory Experiment

    

Field Experiment

    

Field Studies

    

Survey Research

    

Experimental Design

CHAPTER 4: Statistics and Research Methods In Psychology

    

Application of Statistics in Psychology

    

Basic Descriptive Statistics

    

Measures of Central Tendency

    

Skewness

    

Measures of Variation

    

Inferential Statistics

    

Common Statistical Tests in Psychology

    

T-Tests

    

ANOVA or F-Test

    

Factor Analysis

    

Regression Analysis

    

Item Response Theory

CHAPTER 5: Focused Group Discussions (FGD)

    

Purpose of FGD

    

Situations not Suitable for FGD

    

Tips and Procedure to Conduct FGD

    

Strengths of FGD

    

Limitations of FGD

CHAPTER 6: Grounded Theory Approach

    

Concept and Definition

    

Elements of Grounded Theory Approach

    

Applications of Grounded Theory Approach

    

Research Method: Grounded Theory Approach

    

Analysis of Grounded Theory

    

Judging Grounded Theory

CHAPTER 7: Brainstorming

    

Concept of Brainstorming

    

Basic Rules of Brainstorming

    

Steps of Brainstorming

    

Brainstorming Types

    

Brainstorming Techniques

    

Benefits of Brainstorming

CHAPTER 8: Development of Human Behavior

    

Hereditary and Environment (Nature or Nurture Issue)

    

Learning and Maturation

    

Culture and Personality

    

Measurement of Human Behavior

    

Socialization

    

National Character

CHAPTER 9: Biological Basis of Psychology

    

Neurons

    

Neurotransmitters

    

Transmission of a Nerve Impulse

    

Brain and Nervous System

CHAPTER 10: Sensation, Attention and Perception

    

Introduction to Sensation and Perception

    

Sensation

    

Perception

    

Depth Perception

    

Classification of Perception

    

Theories of Pain Perception

    

Selective Perception

    

Theories of Perception

    

Person Perception

    

Attribution Theory

    

Perception and Personality

    

Signal Detection Theory

    

Attention

    

Distraction

    

Culture and Perception

    

Subliminal Perception

    

Plasticity of Perception

    

Intersensory Perception

    

Simulation Studies

CHAPTER 11: Learning

    

Important Definitions

    

Sensitization and Habituation

    

Characteristics of Learning

    

Factors in Human Learning

    

Factors affecting Learning

    

Organic Model of Man

    

Humanistic Model of Man

    

Mechanical Model of Man

    

Important Research

    

Thorndike’s Theory

    

Classical Conditioning

    

Operant Conditioning

    

Reinforcement

    

Punishment

    

Extinction

    

Generalization

    

Behavior Modification

    

Social Learning Theory

    

Observational Learning

    

Contingency Theory

    

Tolman’s Purposive Behavior

    

Cognitive Learning (S-S Learning)

    

Latent Learning

    

Insight

    

Programmed Learning

    

Discrimination Learning Theory

CHAPTER 12: Memory

    

Definition

    

Basics of Memory

    

Models of Memory

    

Memory Process

    

Measurement of Memory

    

Factors affecting Memorization

    

Amnesia

    

Papez’s Circuit

    

Definition

    

Anterograde vs. Retrograde Amnesia

    

Retrograde Amnesia

    

Metacognition

    

Metamemory

CHAPTER 13: Forgetting

    

Concept and Definition

    

Ebbinghaus Forgetting Curve

    

Factors affecting Rate of Forgetting

    

Methods for Increasing the Strength of Memory

    

Factors affecting Forgetting

    

Types of Forgetting

    

Theories of Forgetting

CHAPTER 14: Thinking

    

Definitions

    

Characteristics of Thinking

    

Tools of Thinking

    

Types of Thinking

CHAPTER 15: Reasoning

    

Concept and Definition

    

Types of Reasoning

CHAPTER 16: Problem Solving

    

Concept and Definition

    

Nature of Problem-Solving Behavior

    

Rules in Problem Solving

    

Steps in Problem Solving

    

Factors Influencing Problem Solving

CHAPTER 17: Concept Formation

    

Definitions

    

Characteristics of Concepts

    

Ways of Concept Formation

    

Characteristics of Concept Formation

    

Types of Concepts

    

Process of Concept Formation

    

Steps in Concept Formation

    

Factors influencing Concept Learning

    

Factors Affecting Concept Learning

    

Factors Affecting Concept Attainment

    

Strategies of Concept Formation

CHAPTER 18: Emotion

    

Concept and Definition of Emotion

    

Characteristics of Emotions

    

Factors Affecting Emotions

    

Plutchik’s Emotional Wheel

    

Measurement of Emotions

    

Physiological Basis of Emotions

    

Effects of Emotions

    

Main Areas Involved with Emotions

    

Theories of Emotion

CHAPTER 19: Motivation

    

Concept and Definition of Motivation

    

Motivational Cycle

    

Characteristics of Motivation

    

Motivational Process

    

Sources of Motivation

    

Demotivating Factors

    

Causes of Motivation

    

Motives

    

Important Terminology

    

Classification of Needs

    

Measurement of Motivation

CHAPTER 20: Theories of Motivation and Work Motivation

    

Instinct Theory

    

Drive Reduction Theory

    

Arousal Theory

    

Psychoanalytic Theory

    

Alder’s Social Urge Theory

    

Need Hierarchy Theory

    

Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory

    

Escape Theory

    

Expectancy Theory

    

Skinner’s Behavior Modification Theory

    

Acquired Needs Theory

    

Attribution Theory

    

Cognitive Dissonance Theory

    

ERG Theory

    

Consistency Theory

    

Self-Determination Theory (SDT)

    

Opponent-Process Theory

    

Attitude-Behavior Consistency

    

Reward Theory (Incentive Theory)

    

Carrot and Stick Theory

    

Fear of Punishment Theory

    

Pareek’s Integrated Theory

    

Likert’s Approach to Motivation

    

Theory X and Theory Y

    

Lewin’s Field Theory

    

The Porter and Lawler Model

    

Adam’s Equity Theory

CHAPTER 21: Intelligence

    

Concept and Definition of Intelligence

    

Characteristics of Intelligence

    

Functions of Intelligence

    

Operations of Intelligence

    

Factors affecting Intelligence

    

Theories of Intelligence

    

IQ

    

Deviation IQ

    

Constancy of IQ

    

Social Intelligence

    

Emotional Intelligence

    

Measurement of Intelligence

    

Common Subtests

    

Common Intelligence Tests

CHAPTER 22: Aptitude

    

Concept and Definition of Aptitude

    

Characteristics of Aptitude

    

Assumptions of Aptitude Concept

    

Application of Aptitude in Various Branches

    

Aptitude Test

    

Some Important Tests

    

Limitations of Aptitude Tests

CHAPTER 23: Creativity

    

Concept and Definition of Creativity

    

Characteristics of Creativity

    

Nature of Creativity

    

Stimulation of Creativity

    

Characteristics of Creative Person

    

Creative Process

    

Levels of Creativity

    

Some Major Creativity Tests

    

Procedure for Constructing Creative Tests

    

Teaching Problem Solving

    

Teaching Creativity

CHAPTER 24: Personality

    

Definitions and Concepts

    

Characteristics of Personality

    

Traits of Personality

    

Determinants of Personality

    

Theories of Personality

    

Type Approach

    

Trait Approach

    

Type-cum-Trait Approach

    

Psychoanalytic Approach

    

Humanistic Approach

    

Learning Approach

    

Big Five Theory of Personality

    

Measurement of Personality

CHAPTER 25: Attitude

    

Concept and Definition of Attitude

    

Characteristics of Attitude

    

Formation of Attitude

    

Approaches to Study Attitude

    

Benefits of Positive Attitude

    

Consequences of Negative Attitude

    

Determinants of Attitude

    

Factors affecting Attitude Development

    

Difference between Attitude and Opinion

    

Attitude Change

    

Theories of Attitude Change

    

Measurement of Attitude

CHAPTER 26: Values

    

Concept and Definition of Values

    

Characteristics of Values

    

Motivational Property of Values

    

Rokeach Description of Types of Values

    

Tests of Values

CHAPTER 27: Interests

    

Concept and Definition of Interests

    

Characteristics of Interests

    

Interest Tests

    

Measurement of Interests

CHAPTER 28: Language

    

Concept and Definition of Language

    

Linguistic Relativity

    

Rules of Grammar and Syntax

    

Units of Language

    

Structure of Language

    

Semantics

    

Stages of Language Development

    

Theories of Language Development

    

Linguistic Hierarchy

    

Critical Period Hypothesis

    

Language Acquisition

CHAPTER 29: Communication

    

Concept and Definition of Communication

    

Communication Terminology

    

Importance of Communication

    

Characteristics of Good Communication

    

Components of Communication

    

Objectives of Communication

    

Communication Situations

    

Barriers to Communication

    

Steps to Remove Communication Barriers

    

Process of Two-Way Communication

    

Factors affecting Communication

    

Effective Communication

    

Active Listening

    

Developmental Process of Communication in Children

    

Group Communication

    

Methods of Communication

    

Mediums of Communication

    

Complexities of Communication System

    

Types of Communication

    

Grapevine Communication

    

Information Overload

CHAPTER 30: Applied Psychology

    

Concept of Applied Psychology

    

Nature, Scope and Branches of Applied Psychology

    

Problems in Applied Psychology

CHAPTER 31: Role of Psychology in Information Technology and Mass Media

    

Introduction

    

Information Overload

    

Management of Information Systems (MIS)

    

Technology and its Impact on Human Behavior

CHAPTER 32: Computer Application in Psychology

    

Steps and Stages of Computer Application

    

Contribution of Computer to Psychological Studies

    

Applications of Computers to Psychology

    

Computer Software and Systems used in Psychology

    

Steps for Implementation of Computer Applications

    

Extent of Computerization

CHAPTER 33: Artificial Intelligence (AI)

    

Definition and Concepts

    

Fields of AI

    

AI Techniques

    

Applications of AI

    

Problems in AI

CHAPTER 34: Psycho-cybernetic Imagery

    

Cybernetics

    

Psycho-cybernetic Imagery

CHAPTER 35: Extrasensory Perception

    

Definition and Concepts

    

Scope and Types of ESP

    

Criticism of ESP

CHAPTER 36: Psychological Tests and Individual Differences

    

Psychological Tests

    

Individual Differences

CHAPTER 37: Mental Disorders

    

Mental Health

    

Happiness Disposition

    

Anxiety

    

Phobia

    

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

    

Neurasthenia

    

Depressive Neurosis

    

Psychosis

    

Difference between Neurosis and Psychosis

    

Hallucination

    

Delusion

    

Hysteria

    

Schizophrenia

    

Paranoia

    

Mood Disorder

    

Manic Depressive Disorder

    

Personality Disorder

    

Substance Use Disorder

CHAPTER 38: Drugs and Its Induced Changes

    

Definition and Concepts

    

Categories of Drugs

    

Some Common Drugs

CHAPTER 39: Sleep and Dreams

    

Concept of Sleep

    

Sleep Measurement

    

Timing of Sleep

    

Types or Stages of Sleep

    

Pattern of Sleep (Hypnogram)

    

Daydreams

    

Sleep Theories

    

Functions of Sleep

    

Optimal Amounts of Sleep

    

Sleep Disorders

    

Dreams

    

Dream Content

    

Dream Theories

CHAPTER 40: Environmental Psychology

    

Concept of Environmental Psychology

    

Perspectives of Environmental Psychology

    

Elements of Environmental Psychology

    

Areas of Study

    

Approaches to Environmental Psychology

    

Scope of Environmental Psychology

CHAPTER 41: Therapeutic Approaches

    

Group Therapy

    

Reiki

    

Meditation or Dhayan

    

Yoga

    

Psychotherapy

    

Behavioral Therapy

    

Humanistic Therapy

    

Cognitive Therapy

    

Existential Therapy

    

Hypnosis

    

Biofeedback Therapy

    

Activity Therapy

    

Rehabilitation

CHAPTER 42: Work Psychology and Organizational Behavior

    

Management

    

Human Resource Management

    

Selection

    

Training

    

Recruitment

    

Development

    

Marketing

    

Participative Management

    

Advertisement

    

Ergonomics

    

Stress

    

Sensitivity Training

CHAPTER 43: Psychology of Economic Development

    

Entrepreneur and Entrepreneurship

    

Achievement Motivation

    

Consumer Protection and Consumer Courts

CHAPTER 44: Educational Psychology

    

Career Counseling

    

Educational Guidance

    

Vocational Guidance

    

Psychological Tests in Educational Institutions

    

Exceptional Children

    

Physical Handicapped

    

Gifted Children

    

Creative Children

    

Mentally Retarded Child

    

Educationally Backward Child

    

Learning Disabled Child

    

Adolescent in Learning Situation

CHAPTER 45: Community Psychology

    

Social Change

    

Small Groups

    

Leadership

CHAPTER 46: Psychology of Disadvantaged Groups

    

Disadvantages Group

    

Classification of Disadvantaged Groups

    

Criteria Used to Determine Disadvantaged Groups

    

Deprivation

CHAPTER 47: Psychology of Social Integration

    

Prejudice

    

Stereotypes

    

Social Integration

CHAPTER 48: Political Psychology

    

Concept of Political Psychology

    

Concepts of Political Psychology

CHAPTER 49: Rehabilitation Psychology

    

Rehabilitation

    

Social Deviance

    

Crime

    

Psychology of Law

    

Juvenile Delinquency

    

Prostitution

    

Beggary

    

Problem of Aged

    

Drugs and Drug Addiction

    

Disease Prevention

CHAPTER 50: Population Psychology

    

Important Research in Population Psychology

    

Effects of Change in Role of Women

    

Reasons for Acceptance of Smaller Family

    

Crowding

CHAPTER 51: Military Psychology

    

Introduction to Military Psychology

    

Perceiving and Performance

    

Selection and Recruitment

    

Issues Faced by Military Personnel

    

Human Problems in Aviation and Space

    

Human Engineering in Defense

CHAPTER 52: Sports Psychology

    

Introduction

    

Sporting Excellence

    

Goal Setting

    

Training of Sports Personnel

CHAPTER 53: Psychology of Terrorism

    

Important Definitions

    

Stages of World Terrorism

    

Terrorist Motivating Factors

    

Kinds of Terrorist Aggression

    

Reasons for Spreading Terror

    

Approaches to Understand Psychic of Terrorists

    

Important Research on Psychology of Terrorism

CHAPTER 54: Psychology of Gender

    

Introduction to Gender Psychology

    

History: Psychology of Gender

    

Stereotypes, Prejudice, Discrimination and Gender Discrimination

    

The Emergence of Gender Psychology

    

Theory of Development of Gender Psychology

    

Developmental Issues: Gender Psychology

    

Gender Therapy

    

Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

    

Glass Ceiling Effect

    

Women and Indian Society

    

Government Policies for Promotion of Women Entrepreneurship

Appendices

    

Appendix 1: Important Model Questions

    

Appendix 2: Glossary

  

Other Books and E-Books by Examrace

Endnotes

Questions?

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