IAS: Political Science Study Material Evolution of District and Administration

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Evolution of District and Administration

  • District is the basic geographical (i.e.. Territorial) unit of administration in India.

  • The term ‘District’ is defined by the Oxford Dictionary as A territory marked off for special Administrative Purpose.

  • Under Mughal administration, a district was called ‘sarkar’ and it was headed by Karori-Faujdar, a military-officer who functioned under the direct control of a subedar.

  • The present day office of the District Collector was created in 1772 by Lord Warren Hastings, the then Governor-General of India.

  • He was a very powerful functionary and was described as a ‘Little Napoleon’

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