IAS Mains Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Paper 2009

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Section –A

Q.1 Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each :

  1. Repeat breeding

  2. Progeny testing

  3. Management of lactating does

  4. Difference between Feed supplement and Feed additive


  1. Write names of volatile fatty acids produced by microbial fermentation in different compartments of gastrointestinal tract of animals.

  2. Write the site of microbial fermentation in pig, ruminants, castrated buffalo and adult hen.

  3. Name the ketogenic metabolism of glucogenic volatile fatty acid to and water.


  1. Describe the therapeutic strategies adopted to overcome the problem of anoestrus.

  1. What are the management approaches to check lamb/kid mortality ?

  1. Describe the procedure for deep freezing of bovine semen using polyvinyl chloride straws.

Q.4 Enlist the measures of protein quality for simple stomach (monogastric) animals and describe the nitrogen balance method.

Section –B

Q.5 Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each :

  1. Selection of bull for breeding purpose

  2. Brooding and rearing of poultry layers

  3. Sanitation and disinfection on pig farm

  4. Heat incremental of food

Q.6 Define Hardy – Weinberg Law. List processes responsible for changes in gene frequency. Describe the changes in gene frequency under migration, mutation and selection against the recessive gene in single locus two allele cases with complete dominance.

Q.7 Discuss importance of shelter for buffaloes and cross-bred cows. Draw a layout plan of a shelter for ten lactating Jersey cows.


  1. Describe the importance of colostrums. Calf starter and milk replacers for neonates.

  1. What is wool and how does it differ from hair ?


Section –A

Q.1 Write precisely on any three of the following in about 200 words each :

  1. Anatomical differentiation between foetal and adult circulation; and BLASTOCYST and BLASTODISC.

  2. Pharmacological role of ANTICHOLINERGIC agents.

  3. Clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of copper and CYANOGENIC glycoside toxicosis.

  4. Zero Disease concept and CHEMOPROPHY – LAXIS.

Q.2 Differentiate between primary and secondary tympany in cattle. Discuss etiology, predisposing factors, clinical symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of Bloat/ruminal tymapany.

Q.3 Describe the etiology, transmission and epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical findings, lesions, diagnosis, treatment and control of swine influenza.

Q.4 write short notes (about 200 words each) on the following :

  1. Role of HYALURONIDASE and EPINEPHRINE in induction of local anaesthesia.

  2. The predisposing factors, symptoms, lesions and prevention of fluorosis and ergotism.

  3. LUXATION – types. Predisposing factors and treatment.

Section –B

Q.5 Write precisely on any three of the following in about 200 words each :

  1. Notifiable diseases under Dourine Act 1910.

  2. The flow diagram with a brief mention of salient features for producing ready-to-cook chicken carcass from live bird.

  3. Procedure for preparation of cultured milk products of yoghurt and ‘srikhand’.

  4. Occupational zoonotic diseases.

Q.6 What do you mean by value-added meat products ? Give examples. Give the classification of different types of sausages. Using a typical flow diagram, describe various processing steps for manufacture of cooked sausages.


  1. What is the antimicrobial defence system of egg? Comment on the fungal spoilage of egg.

  1. Write down the functions of salt, sugar, nitrite, sodium ascorbate, polyphosphates, glucono- lactone and spices in developing cured meat products.

  1. What are the different techniques in meat speciation ?


  1. Comment on persistent ecotoxicology and its long term adverse effects.

  1. Distinguish between radurization, radicidation and radapertization. Describe the principle, procedure and application(s) of ionizing radiation of meat products. Briefly comment on the safety perceptions with regard to irradiated meat.

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