IAS Mains Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Paper 2011

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Paper-I

Section –A

Q.1 Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each :

  1. Genetic Drift.

  2. Physiological functions and deficiency symptoms of Vit. D in young animals.

  3. Balanced ration and its characteristics.

  4. Role of kidney in acid-base balance in body.

  5. Neurohormonal theory of milk ejection in bovines.

Q.2

  1. Write in brief about cardiac cycle.

  2. Discuss in brief the nervous and chemical regulation of heart.

  3. Discuss effect of temperature and stress on heart and blood pressure.

  4. Discuss Endocrine control of initiation of lactation in farm animals.

Q.3

  1. What do you mean by direct and indirect calorimetry? Describe the carbon-nitrogen balance method for estimation of heat production in animal body.

  2. Enlist various systems for expressing the energy value of feed in ruminants.

  3. Discuss in brief about the total digestable nutrients system and give its demerits.

Q.4

  1. In reference to semen preservation, what is ‘cold shock’ and how it is prevented ?

  2. Discuss factors that effect conception rate in AI programme.

  3. Describe steps in handiling of frozen semen for AI.

Section –B

Q.5 Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each :

  1. Production of synthetic population.

  2. Feeding of pigs for lean meat production.

  3. Inter-relationship amongst calcium, phosphorus and Vit. D.

  4. Biochemical tests for urinary dysfunctions.

  5. Extension of bovine semen for AI.

Q.6

  1. Explain the circumstances wherein crossing system in animal production is used. Describe the types of crossing and compare different forms of regular crossing in terms of heterosis.

  2. What calls for the use of information from relatives for selection of breeders ? Discuss and differentiate the family selection and within family selection schemes.

Q.7

  1. Write in brief about objectives, concept, principles and philosophy of extension in animal husbandry practices.

  2. Discuss recent trends in feeding of calf from birth to three month age.

  3. Write in brief factors determining the efficiency of dairy cows.

Q.8

  1. Discuss the mode of action and inactivation/ detoxification methods of protease inhibitors and cynogenetic glycosides present in feeds and fodder.

  2. Discuss functions and deficiency symptoms of Vit. E in poultry.

  3. Give the crude protein and metabolisable energy requirements for broiler starter, broiler finisher, chick starter, chick grower and layers as per BIS recommendations.

Paper II

Section –A

Q.1 Write short notes on following in about 150 words each :

  1. Cell cycle and mitosis.

  2. Drugs acting on nervous system.

  3. Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points(HACCP) and its role in preventing/reducing Food borne zoonotic diseases.

  4. Different patterns of occurrence of diseases in a population.

Q.2

  1. Discuss etiology, epidemiology, clinical signs, clinic-pathology and treatment of a ACETONEMIA(KETOSIS) in cattle.

  2. What are the recent developments in immunization methods in poultry?

Q.3

  1. Why RABIES in humans is also called HYDROPHOBIA ? Explain the reasons for recent high incidence of deaths due to RABIES in Humans in India.

  2. Explain the epidemiology, diagnosis, prophylaxis and control of RABIES in canines.

Q.4

  1. Discuss the CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC agents and their mode of action for control/treatment of Microbial and Parasitic infections.

  2. Name various MYCOTOXINS which can be present as contaminants in poultry feeds and briefly describe various measures for their treatment and control.

Section –B

Q.5 Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each :

  1. The structure of AVIAN egg along with a labelled diagram.

  2. Wholesale cuts of lamb carcass.

  3. Mucosal immunity and its role in protection against infectious diseases.

  4. AZOTURIA (Exertional rhabdomyolysis) in horses.

Q.6

  1. Regular vaccination in livestock is being practiced in bovines for number of years for the prevention, control and eradication of RINDERPEST and FMD. Success has been achieved recently in eradication of RINDERPEST, while FMD remains endemic in more parts of the country. Explain the similarities and differences between the diseases and reasons for success in RINDERPEST and failure in FMD.

  2. Write briefly about the various provisions of Meat Food Products Order (MFPO).

Q.7 Explain the role of the following:

  1. SPCA in animal welfare.

  2. DNA fingerprinting in FORENSIC MEDICINE.

Q.8

  1. What do you understand by the term RIGOR MORTIS? Write about the changes that take place during the conversion of muscle to meat after slaughter.

  2. How will you proceed to collect glands/organs from slaughtered animals for PHARMACEUTICAL purpose ? What are the pharmaceutical uses of intestines, liver and PITUITARY gland collected from slaughtered animals ?

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