IAS Mains Anthropology 2000

Anthropology 2000 Mains

Time Allowed: Three Hours Maximum Marks: 300

Paper-I

Instructions

Each question is printed both in Hindi and in English.

The The answers must be written in the medium specified in the Admission Certificate issued to you, which must be stated clearly on the cover of the answer-book in the space provided for the purpose. No mark will be given for the answers written in a medium other than that specified in the Admission Certificate.

Candidates should attempt questions 1 and 5 which are compulsory, and any THREE of the remaining questions selecting at least ONE question from each Section.

All questions carry equal marks.

Section ‘A’

  1. Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words:

    1. Culture Area and Age Area

    2. Copper-Bronze Age

    3. Social stratification

    4. Etic and Emic approach

  2. Describe the range of locomotive behaviour of contemporacy non-human primates and state how does it help in understanding the structural-functional correlations of their limb structure.

  3. What do you understand by neo-evolutionism? Evaluate how Leslie A. White's approach is helpful in understanding cultural evolution.

  4. What is planning from below? Critically assess the role of anthropology towards implementing sustainable development.

Section ‘B’

  1. Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words:

    1. Chi-square Test

    2. Malnutrition

    3. Genetic Adaptation

    4. Ethnic boundaries

  2. Evaluate genetic heterogeneity of ABO, Rh and Gm antigens. Discuss how the principal human groups can be distinguished on the basis of their blood antigen characteristics.

  3. Define ecosystem. Explain with examples, how biocultural adaptive qualities have helped human survival in stressful eco-conditions.

  4. What do you understand by recombinant DNA technology? Discuss its application and limitations in improving human health.

Anthropology-2000 (Main) (Paper-II)

Time Allowed: Three Hours Maximum Marks: 300

Instructions

Each question is printed both in Hindi and in English.

The The answers must be written in the medium specified in the Admission Certificate issued to you, which must be stated clearly on the cover of the answer-book in the space provided for the purpose. No mark will be given for the answers written in a medium other than that specified in the Admission Certificate.

Candidates should attempt questions 1 and 5 which are compulsory, and any THREE of the remaining questions selecting at least ONE question from each Section.

All questions carry equal marks.

Section ‘A’

  1. Write notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each:

    1. Negrito elements in India

    2. Concept of Karma in relation of caste

    3. Tribe-caste contintium

    4. Criteria of civilization

  2. Describe the geographical spread of Indus valley civilization. What were the causes of its decline?

  3. Define the Jajmani system. Analyse the changes in the relationship between caste and occupation in contemporary rural society.

  4. Distinguish between the characteristics and problems of linguistic and religious minorities in India. Give examples of conflicts generated by such considerations and steps to resolve them.

Section ‘B’

  1. Write notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each:

    1. The problems of denotified groups

    2. Impact of Christianity on tribal societies

    3. Tribal education in the context of development

    4. MADA, LAMPS, TRIFED

  2. Give an account of Joint Forest Management programmes. What is the role of NGOs in such programmes?

  3. Assess the political and economic role of tribal and rural movements in the creation of the new states of Uttaranchal, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh.

  4. Outline the historical background of tribal administration during the colonial period. Evaluate post-Independence administrative policies with special reference to states under either the Fifth Schedule or Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India.