IAS Mains Anthropology Paper 2009

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Paper 1

Section – A

Q. 1. Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each:

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  1. Homo habilis
  2. Natural selection in humans
  3. ‘Schedule’ and ‘Questionnaire’ in research methodology
  4. Chiefdom in tribal society

Q. 2

  1. Distinguish between major categories of Australopithecines How are Australopithecines different from apes?

  1. List the major skeletal modifications in humans due to assumption of erect posture.

Q. 3

  1. What are the major criticisms of the theory of ‘Structuralism’ as propounded by Claude Levi-Strauss?

  1. Write a detailed note on polyandrous societies, citing India examples.

Q. 4

  1. Explain the theory of ‘Neo-evolutionism’ .

Section – B

Q. 5. Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each:

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  1. Non-communicable diseases
  2. Genetics of HLA and organ transplantation
  3. Anthropological relevance of population genetics
  4. Thrifty genotype

Q. 6

  1. Differentiate between ‘growth’ and ‘development’ . List the factors affecting human growth and development.

  1. What is ‘genetic load’ and what factors influence it?

Q. 7

  1. Distinguish between ‘chronological age’ and ‘biological age’ .

  1. Discuss the theories of ‘Ageing’ .

Q. 8

  1. Analyse the various application of anthropological knowledge to solve medico-legal problems and in the reconstruction of evidence.

Paper 2

Section – A

Q. 1. Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each. Answer should be in an anthropological context:

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  1. New Archaeology
  2. Nature-Man-Spirit complex
  3. Sanskritization
  4. Importance of the Siwalinks in Anthropology

Q. 2

  1. Discuss the salient features of the prevalent hypotheses on the future of the caste system in India.

  1. Write a brief note on the contributions of Prof. L. P. Vidyarthi in the field of anthropology.

  1. Examine the contribution of Mesolithic culture to the rise of Neolithic culture.

Q. 3

  1. Bring out the various features and the importance of the ‘dominant caste’ concept.

  1. What are the various exogenous processes of socio-cultural changes in Indian Society?

Q. 4

  1. Describe the significant contributions of village studies in India to the understanding of social transformations.

Section – B

Q. 5. Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each:

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  1. Indebtedness in Tribal communities.
  2. Fifth Schedule of the constitution.
  3. Tribal unrest in Central India.
  4. NGOs and tribal development.

Q. 6 Analyse the impact of Christianity on tribal communities with special reference to North-East India.

Q. 7 In what ways has anthropology contributed to the understanding of ethic and political movements in India.

Q. 8 Critically examine the evolution of Forest Policy in India since the British period. Discuss its impact on tribals of India.

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