IAS Mains Anthropology Paper 2009

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Paper 1

Section –A

Q. 1. Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each:

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  1. Homo habilis

  2. Natural selection in humans

  3. ‘Schedule’ and ‘Questionnaire’ in research methodology

  4. Chiefdom in tribal society

Q.2

  1. Distinguish between major categories of Australopithecines How are Australopithecines different from apes?

  2. List the major skeletal modifications in humans due to assumption of erect posture.

Q.3

  1. What are the major criticisms of the theory of ‘Structuralism’ as propounded by Claude Levi-Strauss?

  2. Write a detailed note on polyandrous societies, citing India examples.

Q.4

Explain the theory of ‘Neo-evolutionism’.

Section –B

Q. 5. Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each:

( )

  1. Non-communicable diseases

  2. Genetics of HLA and organ transplantation

  3. Anthropological relevance of population genetics

  4. Thrifty genotype

Q.6

  1. Differentiate between ‘growth’ and ‘development’. List the factors affecting human growth and development.

  2. What is ‘genetic load’ and what factors influence it?

Q.7

  1. Distinguish between ‘chronological age’ and ‘biological age’.

  2. Discuss the theories of ‘Ageing’.

Q.8

Analyse the various application of anthropological knowledge to solve medico-legal problems and in the reconstruction of evidence.

IAS Mains Anthropology Paper 2009 ~ IAS Mains Anthropology Paper 2009

Paper 2

Section –A

Q. 1. Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each. Answer should be in an anthropological context:

( )

  1. New Archaeology

  2. Nature-Man-Spirit complex

  3. Sanskritization

  4. Importance of the Siwalinks in Anthropology

Q.2

  1. Discuss the salient features of the prevalent hypotheses on the future of the caste system in India.

  2. Write a brief note on the contributions of Prof. L.P. Vidyarthi in the field of anthropology.

  3. Examine the contribution of Mesolithic culture to the rise of Neolithic culture.

Q.3

  1. Bring out the various features and the importance of the ‘dominant caste’ concept.

  2. What are the various exogenous processes of socio-cultural changes in Indian Society?

Q.4

Describe the significant contributions of village studies in India to the understanding of social transformations.

Section –B

Q. 5. Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each:

( )

  1. Indebtedness in Tribal communities.

  2. Fifth Schedule of the constitution.

  3. Tribal unrest in Central India.

  4. NGOs and tribal development.

Q.6 Analyse the impact of Christianity on tribal communities with special reference to North-East India.

Q.7 In what ways has anthropology contributed to the understanding of ethic and political movements in India.

Q.8 Critically examine the evolution of Forest Policy in India since the British period. Discuss its impact on tribals of India.

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