IAS Mains Anthropology Paper 2012

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Paper 1

Section –A

Q. 1. Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each:

( )

  1. How ‘natural selection’ acts on variation?

  2. Ways of acquiring a spouse in simpler societies

  3. Post-modernism in Anthropology

  4. Relative dating methods

  5. Adaptive radiation in context of evolution


  1. Discuss race crossing in humans with suitable examples.

  2. Distinguish between Religion, Magic and Science.

  3. Discuss the role of ABO blood group system in resolving cases of disputed paternity.


  1. Compare and contrast the skull of Gorilla and Man.

  2. Discuss the typology and distribution of Upper Paleolithic cultures in India.

  3. What are lethal and sub-lethal genes? Explain.


  1. Describe the types of kinship group formed on the basis of different principles.

  2. Give a comparative account of variations in hemoglobin level and respiratory functions among the populations living under different environmental stresses.

  3. Comment briefly on the phylogenetic position of Australopithecines.

Section –B

Q.5. Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each:

( )

  1. Is family a social institution?

  2. Application of anthropometry in designing

  3. Band and Tribal societies

  4. Genetic counseling

  5. Epidemiological anthropology


  1. How does improved aerobic fitness increase exercise tolerance in warm humid climates? Give suitable examples in support of your answer.

  2. What are the tools of data collection? Discuss the advantages and limitations of participant-observations as a technique of data collection.

  3. Discuss the chromosomal aberrations and manifestations of Klinefelter and Turner syndromes.


  1. Explain any two biological theories of ageing based on purposeful events.

  2. What are the bases of social stratification? Discuss with examples.

  3. Explain the concept of ‘Status’ and ‘Role’ in Anthropology.


  1. Briefly discuss the important causes for the variations in occurrence and intensity of parasitic diseases among different populations.

  2. What are the genetic effects of consanguinity? Give examples.

  3. Briefly discuss the application of the knowledge of human osteology in forensic investigations.

IAS Mains Anthropology Paper 2012 ~ IAS Mains Anthropology Paper 2012

Paper 2

Section –A

Q. 1. Write short notes (in about 150 words each) on the following:

( )

  1. Sacred Geography

  2. Youth Dormitory

  3. Narmada Man

  4. Participatory Rural Appraisal

  5. Palaeolithic Art


  1. Trace the trajectory of encyclopedic works on tribes and castes of South India with special reference to Ananthakrishna Iyer’s contribution.

  2. Discuss the concept of ‘indigenous people’ as per the relevant UN convention. Are tribals of India indigenous people? Comment.

  3. Critically examine the relationship between tribal communities and the Nation-State on issues of governance.


  1. Examine the relevance of Tribal Panchsheel by Jawaharlal Nehru in the light of emerging development practices.

  2. Using ethnographic examples, highlight the processes of religious conversions in Tribal India.

  3. Using suitable examples, bring out the historical processes of the social exclusion of denotified tribes.


  1. Compare the contributions of S.C. Roy and Verrier Elwin to tribal ethnographies in India.

  2. Using ethnographic examples, point out how gender relations have changed over time among Central Indian tribes.

  3. How has globalization impacted agrarian relations in the last two decades?

Section –B

Q. 5. Write short notes (in about 150 words each) on the following:

( )

  1. Colonial Ethnography

  2. Commodification of Tribal Art

  3. Soan culture

  4. Ethical issues in Genetic Research

  5. Indigenous Knowledge


  1. Critically examine the prevalence of caste ideology among religious minorities in the Indian context.

  2. Discuss the linkages between language, territoriality and kinship among the tribes of North-East India.


  1. Critically examine the National Policy on Rehabilitation and Resettlement substantiating it with experiences from different parts of India.

  2. Compare the salient features and distribution the Middle Palaeolithic and Upper Palaeolithic cultures in India. Add a note on the tool traditions of the Upper Palaeolithic period.


  1. Critically examine the ‘book view’ and the ‘field view’ of social reality.

  2. Using examples, comment on how anthropology can be utilized in policy making.

  3. Briefly comment on the linkage between:

(i) Gender and Customary Law

(ii) Gender and Caste

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