IAS Mains Anthropology Paper 2016

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Paper 1

Section –A

Q. 1. Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each:

( )

  1. Differences between Social Anthropology and Sociology

  2. Cultural Relativism

  3. Lineage Clan

  4. Totemism

  5. Functionalism

Q.2

  1. Delineate the salient features of Chalcolithic cultures.

  2. Discuss the impact of urbanization and feminist movements on family in India.

  3. According to Geertz, how does the cock-fight reveal aspects of Balinese culture?

Q.3

  1. Describe the cardinal points of descent and alliance theories.

  2. Discuss different social control mechanisms in simple societies.

  3. Critically examine different Anthropological approaches to Religion.

Q.4

  1. Discuss the principles governing production, distribution and exchange in simple societies.

  2. How do the concepts of binary opposites and exchange figure in Levi-Strauss’ structural analysis of kinship?

  3. Describe the evolution of fieldwork tradition in Anthropology.

Section –B

Q. 5. Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each:

( )

  1. Rh-Blood Group

  2. Rhodesian Man

  3. Neolithic Cultures of India

  4. Fertility and Fecundity

Q.6

  1. Elucidate the biological and cultural factors in human evolution.

  2. Explain the role of heredity and environment in the formation of races.

  3. Discuss different factors affecting growth and development in human beings.

Q.7

  1. Critically discuss the Mendelian principles and their application to human populations.

  2. Explain the significance of screening and counseling for genetic disorders.

  3. Describe the scope of Epidemiological Anthropology in the study of infections and non-infectious diseases.

Q.8

  1. Describe the role of Anthropology in designing defence and other equipments.

  2. Discuss the genetic and non-genetic factors in the bio-cultural adaptations of human being to different environments.

  3. Explain the skeletal change due to erect posture and their implications.

IAS Mains Anthropology Paper 2016 ~ IAS Mains Anthropology Paper 2016

Paper 2

Section –A

Q. 1. Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each:

( )

  1. Significance of Mesolithic findings from Belan Valley

  2. Linguistic elements in Indian population

  3. Relevance of caste in contemporary Indian politics

  4. Impact of Jainism on Indian society

  5. Ethno-archaeological evidences for the survival of hunting-gathering traditions in India

Q.2

  1. Write about the contribution made by Christoph von Furer-Haimendorf to tribal anthropology in India.

  2. Delineate the salient characteristics of ‘Narmada Man’ and examine its phylogenetic significance.

  3. Discuss how cultural diversity of Indian tribes has enriched its plural traditions.

Q.3

  1. Examine the structural and cultural theories of caste system in India.

  2. Give a critical assessment of ‘Negrito Problem’ in India.

  3. Describe the traditional patterns of settlement of Indian villages.

Q.4

  1. Give a detailed appraisal of skeletal remains from Chalcolithic culture of undivided Punjab.

  2. How is process of tribe-caste continuum different from Sanskritization? Comment.

  3. Compare the contribution of L.P. Vidyarthi and D.N. Majumdar to the study of Indian tribes

Section –B

Q. 5. Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each:

( )

  1. The role that regionalism plays in demand for autonomy among Indian tribes

  2. Bio-genetic variability of Indian tribes

  3. Impact of industrialization scheduled tribe population of Jharkhand

  4. Tribes as a colonial construct

  5. Anthropological interpretation of ethic and political movements

Q.6

  1. Explain Indian village as a social system with suitable examples.

  2. Examine the nature of interplay of little and grate traditions in the context of globalization.

  3. Explain the difficulties experienced by scheduled tribes with regard to implementation of the ‘Recognition of Foreat Right Act,2006’.

Q.7

  1. Examine the factors responsible for the exploitation of scheduled castes in India.

  2. Discuss the impact of Islam on scheduled tribes of India.

  3. Describe how various tribal development programmes and plans have impacted the process of social transformation among tribes.

Q.8

  1. Write in detail various provisions provided by the Constitution of India for the scheduled tribes under Vth and VIth Schedules.

  2. Critically examine the role of NGOs and missionaries in transformation of scheduled tribe in Central India.

  3. Describe how anthropological knowledge and methods are useful in rural development.

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