IAS Mains Anthropology 2020 Topic-wise Important Questions

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Meaning & Scope of Anthropology

  1. Holism in Anthropology – 15

  2. Linguistic Anthropology – 15

  3. Relevance of Anthropology in 21st Century – 30

Prehistoric Archeology

  1. Discuss the various relative and absolute dating techniques used in various branches of Anthropology.

  2. Geological Time Scale

  3. Describe broadly the distribution and general characteristics of Lower Paleolithic Cultures.

  4. Describe broadly the distribution and general characteristics of Upper Paleolithic Cultures.

  5. Describe the distribution and general features of Neolithic cultures

  6. Copper-bronze Age – 15

  7. Chalcolithic Cultures – 15

  8. Neolithic Revolution – 15

Nature of Culture

  1. Nature of Culture

  2. Culture and Civilization

  3. Cultural Processes

  4. Cultural Evolution VS Cultural Diffusion

  5. Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism

  6. Functions of Culture

Nature of Society

  1. Society and Culture

  2. Social Institutions

  3. Social Groups

  4. What is social stratification? Describe the various types of social

  5. Stratification.

  6. Functional significance of social stratification.

  7. Functional significance of social stratification.

  8. “A truly unstratified society has never been realized in the history of mankind”. Explain.

  9. Weberian Triumvarate


  1. Discuss the issues related to universality of marriage definitions, citing examples wherever necessary. 40

  2. Discuss the various types of marriage regulations. 40

  3. Incest Taboo 15

  4. Monogamy VS Polygamy 15

  5. Marriage Payments and their functional significance


  1. Discuss the stability and change in human family. Do you think it will remain a universal social institution?

  2. Describe the various types of household and domestic groups.

  3. Types of family based on structure

Language, Culture and Communication

  1. Broadly discuss the theories of origin of language. 40

  2. Language, culture and society 20

  3. Discuss different social contexts of language use. 30

  4. Describe different forms of nonverbal communication. 40

  5. Significance of nonverbal communication. 15

Research Methodology

  1. Genealogical Method 15

  2. Describe various techniques and methods of observation. 40

  3. Discuss the techniques of data interpretation. 30

  4. Distinguish between technique, method and methodology. 15

  5. Significance of fieldwork in anthropology.

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