IAS Mains Anthropology Paper-II 2011

Time Allowed: Three Hours

Maximum Marks: 300


Each question is printed both in Hindi and in English.

Answer must be written in the medium specified in the Admission Certificate issued to you, which must be stated clearly on the cover of the answer-book in the space provided for the purpose. No marks will be given for the answers written in a medium other than that specified in the Admission Certificate.

Candidates should attempt Question Nos. 1 and 5 which are compulsory, and any three of the remaining question selecting at least one question from each Section. The number of Marks carried by each question is indicated at the end of question.


  1. Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each: 15 × 4 = 60

    1. Philosophy behind Purushartha

    2. Factors contributing to communalism

    3. Iron Age in Gangetic region

    4. Critique of the concept of Great and Little Tradition.

  2. Answer the following questions

    1. “Modernity has entered Indian character and society, but it has done so through assimilation, not replacement.” Discuss. 30

    2. Describe the linguistic elements in Indian population. 15

    3. Discuss the relevance of the concept of Dominant Caste in the context of Contemporary Indian Society. 15

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. Describe the characteristic features of Mesolithic Cultures in India. 30

    2. Evaluate the contribution of American anthropologists to Indian anthropology. 30

  4. Answer the following questions

    1. Discuss the significance of Sohan in Indian Prehistory. 30

    2. Critically examine the theories of Origin of Castes. 30


  1. Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each: 15 × 4 = 60

    1. Forest Rights Act-2006

    2. Tribal Panchsheel

    3. Future of Hunting and Gathering Tribes

    4. Left-wing extremism and tribals in India.

  2. Answer the following questions

    1. Discuss the impact of Hindu Society on tribal population in India. 30

    2. Discuss the problem of displaced tribal communities with the help of recent examples. 30

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. Compare the approach adopted towards tribal communities during Colonial and Post-independence periods. 30

    2. Discuss the distinctive features of tribes in North-east India. 30

  4. Answer the following questions

    1. “Tribes in India are not homogeneous group.” Discuss. 30

    2. Discuss the impact of Urbanization and Industrialization on tribal women. 15

    3. Asses the contribution of Varrier Elwin to Indian anthropology. 15

  5. Answer the following questions

    1. Examine Sankhya's arguments for Bahupurusavada (Plurality of Purusa). 30

    2. “Yoga is more than a psycho-physical exercise” Analyse this statement and support your conclusion with arguments. 30

  6. Answer the following questions

    1. Why do Carvakas reject a the concept of Akasa. Discuss. 30

    2. Is the concept of Nirvana a logical necessity for the Buddhists? Give reasons for your answer. 30

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