IAS Mains General Studies 1980 Paper II

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Time Allowed: Three Hours Maximum Marks: 300


Answer must be written in the medium specified in the Admission Certificate issued to you, which must be stated clearly on the cover of the answer-book in the space provided for the purpose. No Marks will be given for the answers written in a medium other than that specified in the Admission Certificate. Candidates should attempt all questions strictly in accordance with the instructions given under each question. The number of marks carried by each question is indicated at the end of the question.

Section I

  1. Answer the questions

    1. Analyse the situation in the Northeastern States xxx what steps are being taken and could be taken to restore it to normally having regard to the strategic xxx these States, the intersts and aspirations of the different communities and classes of people living there and the paramount importance of national integration (About 500 words). 65 OR

    2. Whar are the respective xxx of the political leadership and the permanent civil services in the governance of India? What steps, if any, in your view have to be taken to secure better appreciation of the functions of the civil services and to senate their proper and efficient functioning (About 500 words)?

  2. Answer the questions

    1. Review briefly the present state of India's economic relations with the neighbouring countries-Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bangladesh, Burma and Sri Lanka and indicate how the xxx interest of India and these countries could be promoted through bilateral economic cooperation. Identify a few areas or projects in which it would be in our interests to secure the cooperation of one or more of our neighbours (About 500 words). 65 OR

    2. Appraise the performance of the Public Sector Enterprises in India with reference to their objectives and the role assigned to them. Give your concrete suggestons for xxx up their performance (About 500 words).

  3. Answer the questions

    1. What is the global energy crisis and what is its impact on India? Having regard to our situation, environment, resources and problems, what woul dbe the profile of an appropriate energy policy for India? Examine critically the available alternative options (About 500 words).

    2. What is the role of Scientific and Technological Research in our Economic Development Process? What steps are necessary to adapt the nature, structure, content and result of such research to meet the growing and complex needs xxx increasing agricultural and industrial production. Comment briefly on the adequacy and relevance of technology developed in Western countries for adoption by India. Is it necessary or feasible for India to achieve scientific and technological self-sufficiency (About 500 words)?

Section II

  1. Write short notes on any two of the following topics: 40

    1. The Finance Commission

    2. Procedure relating to Money Bills to be passed by Parliament.

    3. Fundamental Duties of Indian Citizens

    4. CHOGRM II, NEW DELHI, 1980

    (The answers to each part should be contained in about 150 words)

  2. Answer any two of the following (Answer to each question should be in about 150 words):

    1. What is the scope of the xxx Barrage and what are the problems relating to it? What proporals have been put forward to resolve the problems and with that results?

    2. Briefly outline the uses of sickness of industries particularly to the xxx region of India. What are the concrete measures which are being taken to meet the situation and with what xxx?

    3. xxx the performance of the Power (Electricity) xxx India? What is the impact of xxx power xx and frequent power cuts on production and growth? What steps could be taken to xxx up the performance of this vital sector of the economy?

    4. Can the agricultural development, we have achieved so far, be considered adequate? If so, why? If not, why not?

  3. Answer any two of the following (Answer to each question should be in about 150 words):

    1. Evaluate the impact and implications of the xxx and the launching of the Rohini with particular reference to xxx.

    2. Why has there been a recrudescence of Malaria in India? What steps should be taken to prevent its spread and to eradicate it eventually?

    3. What is the scope of the Silent Valley Project and what are the issues which have been raised in relation to it? Having regard to the different views expressed. How should the Central Government proceed further in regard to this project?

    4. What are mini-computers? Comment on the economic and social implications of this innovation.

    (The answer to each part should be contained in about 200 words)

Section III

  1. Answer any ten of the following: (Answer to each question on should be given in 1 or 2 sentences) 30

    1. What is a laser beam?

    2. What will be your weight when orbiting in a space satellite?

    3. Define ‘genetic code’

    4. What are antibiotics? Name two antibiotics which are commonly used.

    5. What is a Blast Furnace? Name the inputs into the Blast Furnace.

    6. Unlike most other parts of the country, why is the Tamil Nadu coast wettest in November-December and not in July-August?

    7. Name the major international rivers flowing through India. What Countries/States are covered by the Ganga and the Godavari rivers on their course from their source to the sea?

    8. What is Geothermal? Mention a few areas where we have located geothermal resources in India.

    9. What is Bombay High? What is SAGAR SAMRT's connection with Bombay High?

    10. Name two major ports xxx in India's eastern and western sea coasts and the major exports/imports through each of these ports.

    11. What is India's largest

      1. departmental undertakings

      2. public sector enterprise as measured by the investments made in. What are the investments made in 1 and 2?

    12. What are superthermal power stations? Where are they being established in India and by which Agency?

    13. Which are the States in India that produce

      1. groundnut

      2. tea

      3. tobacco

      4. pepper?

    14. Distinguish Fusion from Fission. Which process is relevant to generation of power in Atomic Power Stations at present?

    15. Why is fertilizer capacity expressed in terms of tons of xxx? What is India's fertilizer manufacturing capacity?

    16. How is solar energy

      1. collected

      2. concentrated

      3. stored?

    17. What is ‘floor crossing’ Have Governments legislated on the subject of ‘floor crossing’

    18. What is meant by ‘planning form below’ and ‘planning from above’

    19. What is a ‘solid-state device’ Mention two manufactured items in which such devices find applications.

(The answer should not exceed more than a sentence or two)

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