IAS Mains GS 2016 Paper 1 Youtube Lecture Handouts

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IAS Mains GS 2016 Paper 1

  • Early Buddhist Stupa-art, while depicting folk motifs and narratives, successfully expounds Buddhist ideals. Elucidate.

  • Explain about architectural design of Buddha Stupa

  • Information of trade between Gandhara & Central Asia

Krishnadeva Raya, the King of Vijayanagar, Was Not Only an Accomplished Scholar Himself but Was a Also a Great Patron of Learning and Literature. Discuss

  • Patronized Kannada poets Mallanarya who wrote Veera-saivamruta, Bhava-chinta-ratna and Satyendra Chola-kathe, Chatu Vittal-anatha who wrote Bhagavata

  • Golden age of Telugu literature. Eight poets (Astadiggajalu - eight elephants in the eight cardinal points such as North, South etc.) were part of his court (Bhuvana-vijayamu)

  • Amuktamalyada

  • Vithalaswami and Hazara Ramaswami temple

Explain How the Upraising of 1857 Constitutes an Important Watershed in the Evolution of British Policies Towards Colonial India

  • End Doctrine of Lapse

  • Appoint Indians based on qualifications

  • Policy of imperial expansion will be abandoned.

  • Nobody’s personal customs and beliefs will be interfered notwithstanding anyone’s race, religion or caste.

  • Release of all Indian prisoners except those committing serious offences

  • Reorganize Indian army

  • Reform criminal laws & set up universities.

Discuss the Role of Women in the Freedom Struggle Especially During the Gandhian Phase

  • Kamala Devi Chattopadhyaya – Salt Satyagraha

  • Bibi Harnam Kaur – Punjabi Bhain

  • Sarla Debi Chaudharni – Hindu Sahayak Sabha

  • Agyavati - Vidhwa Ashram

  • Annie Besant

  • Sarojini Naidu

  • Madam Bhikaji Rustom K.R. Cama

Highlight the Differences in the Approach of Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi in the Struggle for Freedom

Explains differences between Moderates and Extremists

Has the Formation of Linguistic States Strengthened the Cause of Indian Unity?

  • States like Telangana and Vidharbha are coming up and not due to language

  • Administrative obstacles

  • Political instability

  • Grant of center's funds

  • Dispute with neighboring states in terms of water/power distribution etc.

  • Regionalism Strengthens

  • Nationalism Erodes

The Anti-Colonial Struggles in West Africa Were Led by the New Elite of Western-Educated Africans


  • Africans were not given independence

  • Africans won their independence

  • Revolts came before introduction of western education in Africa

  • Was led by western educated Africans who could speak language of colonizers

  • They knew political activities that the colonizers knew

  • 1898- Mende rebellion in Sierra Leone

  • 1927-30: Insurrection among Gbaya in Central Africa – against forced labour and forced cotton planting

  • Maji Rebellion in Tanganyika

To What Extent Globalisation Has Influenced the Core of Cultural Diversity in India? Explain

  • Promoting consumer culture

  • Lack of societal values

  • Exploitation of workers

  • Loss of individualism

  • Positive: Allows self-representation, global representation and information sharing by social networking, redefines collective identity

“An Essential Condition to Eradicate Poverty is to Liberate the Poor from the Process of Deprivation.” Substantiate this Statement with Suitable Examples

  • Social and Financial Inclusion

  • Schemes like Kaushal Vikas, Ujala Yojana, Jan Dhan, Providing LPG, and Making India ODF ….

Why Are the Tribals in India Referred to as ‘Scheduled Tribes’? Indicate the Major Provisions Enshrined in Constitution of India for Their Upliftment

What is the Basis of Regionalism? Is It That Unequal Distribution of Benefits of Development on Regional Basis Eventually Promotes Regionalism? Substantiate Your Answer

  • BIMARU States

  • NE States

Discuss the Concept of Air Mass and Explain Its Role in Macro-Climatic Changes

Watch video lecture on YouTube: Air Mass - Characteristics, 2 Classification Basis & Criticism in Climatology Air Mass - Characteristics, 2 Classification Basis & Criticism in Climatology
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“The Himalayas are highly prone to landslides.” Discuss the causes and suggest suitable measures of mitigation.

  • Himalayas are young fold mountains in active phase

  • Watch video lecture on YouTube: Mass Wasting and Landslides - Types, Components, Causes and Prone Areas Mass Wasting and Landslides - Types, Components, Causes and Prone Areas
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The Effective Management of Land and Water Resources Will Drastically Reduce the Human Miseries. Explain

  • Interlinking of rivers

  • SAUNI Yojana

  • Ken-Betwa

  • Drip irrigation

  • Rainwater Harvesting

  • Common Property Resources (CPR)

South China Sea Has Assumed Great Geopolitical Significance in the Present Context. Comment

Major Cities of India Are Becoming Vulnerable to Flood Conditions. Discuss

  • Watch video lecture on YouTube: Floods & Droughts in India - Causes, Impact & Control Measures Floods & Droughts in India - Causes, Impact & Control Measures
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  • Chennai Floods

Present an Account of the Indus Water Treaty & Examine Its Ecological, Economic & Political Implications in Context of Changing Bilateral Relations

Enumerate the Problems and Prospects of Inland Water Transport in India

  • NW 1 to 5

  • Salinity, Siltation, Water diversion for irrigation, Seasonal fall in water level.

  • In what way micro-watershed development projects help in water conservation in drought-prone and semi-arid regions of India?

  • Kothappally in Andhra Pradesh

  • Sukhomanjri in Haryana

  • Efforts of Rajendra Singh and Anna Hazare.

  • Watch video lecture on YouTube: Watershed Management - 5 Components & 4 Landmarks (Special Focus on India) Watershed Management - 5 Components & 4 Landmarks (Special Focus on India)
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Sail through IAS Mains and Prelims: Fully-explained Prelims (Both GS & Aptitude) problems with detailed solutions. Notes & detailed answers for Mains GS, Essay, and Complulsory (Hindi and English) papers and optionals.