IAS Mains Geography 2009

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Section A

  1. Answer the following in about 200 words each:

    1. Highlights the geomorphic features essentially found in topographies under the second cycle of Erosion. 20

    2. Give a brief account of principal land biomes and their latitudinal distribution. 20

    3. Discuss views on slope development provided by L C

    King. 20

  2. Answer the following questions

    1. Identify each features that is indicated by the numerals i to x on the world Map provided. Identification of the feature carries 2 marks each. 2 × 10 = 20

    2. Mention the location of each feature in respect of + (-) GMT. This carries 1 mark each. 1 × 10 = 10

    3. provide a write up on the significance of the identified feature in approximately 40 words, this carries 3 marks each. 3 × 10 = 30

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. Examine economic significance of the resources of the Continental Shelf of the Indian Ocean. 30

    2. Comment on marine heat budget and the oceanic

    Circulation system. 30

  4. Answer the following questions

    1. Explain factors contributing to the global climate change 20

    2. Discuss the consequences of Climate Change on agriculture and food security, and on the Coastal Zones of the world. 20

    3. How does Climate change affect urban areas? 20

Section B: Human Geography

  1. Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each: 20 × 3 = 60

    1. Weight Triangle

    2. ‘Limit to Growth’ Model

    3. Tropical atmospheric instability

    4. Zonal and Azonal soils

  2. Answer the following questions

    1. Provide a geographical account of global production and distribution of food. 30

    2. ‘Quantitative Revolution and model building provided an empirical basis for geographical research’ Elaborate. 30

  3. Elaborate the concept of Megalopolis and discuss the characteristics and problems related to two such regions selecting one each from North America and Europe. 60

  4. Answer the following questions

    1. Provide a broad classification of world cultural regions. 30

    2. Highlights the significance of environmental issues in

    Regional Planning. 30

Paper II


Each Question is printed both in Hindi and English Medium. Answer must be written in the medium specified in the Admission certificate issued to you, which must be stated clearly on the cover of the answer book in the space provided for the purpose. No Marks will be given for the answers written in a medium other than that specific in the Admission Certificate. Candidates should attempt Question No. 1 and 5 which are compulsory and any three of the remaining questions selecting at least one question from each Section. Wherever a question is attempted, all its parts are to be attempted. The number of marks carried by each question is indicated at the end of the question. Illustrate your answer with suitable sketches, maps and diagrams, where appropriate.

Section A

  1. On the outline map of India provided to you, mark the location of any fifteen of the following for which 1 (one) mark is given to each correct entry. Write in your answer script the significance geographical relevance or strategic importance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 30 words for each entry. 3 (three) marks are allotted for each write up. 15 × 4 = 60

    1. Akarimota

    2. Kolleru Lake

    3. Van Tivu

    4. Silent Valley

    5. Amaravati River

    6. Pirotan Island

    7. Mangla

    8. Meghnagar

    9. Shipki La

    10. Bhachau

    11. The Home of Sundari tree

    12. Place of orgin of River Narmada

    13. Gokak

    14. Ken River

    15. Bailadila

    16. Bhavani Sagar Dam

    17. Kutralam Falls

    18. Dalma Hills

    19. Rangit River

    20. Dhanjori Hills

  2. Answer the following questions

    1. Discuss the formation and their distribution of the major soil types of India. 30

    2. Give reasons as to why rainfall variability is a characteristic features of India's monsoons. 30

  3. Distinguish between the West and East coasts of India in terms of their evolution, present topography and drainage pattern. 60

  4. Examine the role of raw materials in the location of the Iron and Steel Industry in India. Illustrate your answer with suitable examples. 60

Section B

  1. Answer any three of the following in about 200 words each: 20 × 3 = 60

    1. What is the role of the Triple Transport System in the regional development of India?

    2. Explain the factors responsible for the distribution of Sugar Industry in India.

    3. State the geographical factors which influence rural house types in India.

    4. Giving reasons, identify the chronic drought prone areas of India.

  2. What are the cause and consequences of environmental degradation in India's industrial areas? Give specific examples. 60

  3. There is no sharp divide where an urban settlement stops and rural areas begins. Analyze the statement with reference to the sprawl of Indian cities. 60

  4. Answer the following questions

    1. How do the ‘push’ and ‘pull’ factors operate for the emergence of slums in the metropolises of India? 30

    2. Discuss the impact of globlisation of India's industry and agriculture sectors. 30

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