IAS Geography Optional Analysis Biogeography Questions 1991 Onwards

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1991: No question.

1992: Present a classification of the soils of the world and give their economic significance.

1993: Define ecosystem and describe briefly its various components. Also discuss how and to what extent the modern man has affected the various types of ecosystems.

1994: Indicate the major biotic regions of the world and discuss the ecological aspects of the monsoon region.

1995: ‘Man must realize the importance of maximizing agricultural production without destroying the ecological basis on which our entire food production system rests.’ Explain with examples.

1996: No question.

1997: No question.

1998: No question.

1999: Discuss the relevance of ‘watershed’, as an ecosystem for the purpose of sustainable development.

2000: No question.

2001: Discuss the concept, components and functioning of an ecosystem.

2002: Write in detail on the concept of biosphere as an ecosystem.

2003: No question.

2004: No question.

2005: No question.

2006: No question.

2007: No question.

2008: No question.

2009: Give a brief account of the principal land biomes and their latitudinal distribution.

2010: Floristic kingdoms based on their global distribution (Short Notes)

2010: Account of the structure of ecosystem and describe its functional aspect.

2011: Define the term biome. List the terrestrial biomes and describe the characteristics of Savanna biome. (30 marks)

2012: Major components of IGBP. (150 words)

2012: Adaptation and distribution of animals in the Ethiopian realm. (400 words)

2013: Uniqueness of fauna in the Notogean realm. (150 words)

2013: Bring out the relationship between climate and vegetation in the Mountain Biome. (250)

2014: Give an account of the nature of biosphere as an ecosystem.

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2014: State the uniqueness of the Eurasian Steppe Biome.

2014: Define zoogeographic region. Also describe the basic faunal makeup of the Neo-Arctic zoogeographic region.

2015: Discuss the methods of conserving biodiversity for sustainable development.

2015: Describe the characteristics of different types of pelagic deposits

2015: Explain the characteristics of ecological succession.

2015: Classify soils based on their zonal distribution and describe the characteristics of pedocals.

2015: Explain the different stages of ecological adaptation of man and bring out the changing balance between man and environment.

2016: Bring out the ecological significance of Tropical Rainforest Biome.

2016: Bring out the various ecological problems associated with the exploitation and use of oceans and their resources.

2016: Describe Newbigin’s scheme of Floristic regions of the world and explain the Mediterranean Floristic region.

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