IAS Geography Optional Analysis Climatology Questions 1991 Onwards

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 112K)

1991: Explain the origin, distribution and characteristics of tropical cyclones.

1992: Discuss the origin, movements and characteristics of air masses and explain their role in influencing world climates.

1993: No question.

1994: Explain the basis of Koppen’s classification of climates. Also mention its merits and limitations.

1995: Explain and illustrate the life-cycle of a temperate cyclone and also describe the weather associated with it.

1996: Examine critically the drawbacks of Koppen’s Classification of climates. Explain how Thornthwaite attempted to overcome Koppen’s limitations.

1997: Define air masses. How do they originate? Classify them and state the characteristics of any one type.

1998: Discuss the nature and composition of earth’s atmosphere.

1999: Make a comparative study of the tropical and temperate cyclones.

2000: Discuss the distribution of precipitation in the world.

2001: Discuss the concept of air masses and present their classification.

2002: Discuss the criteria which Thornthwaite adopted in his 1948 classification of world climates.

2003: Discuss the mechanism and significance of tricellular meridional circulation of atmosphere.

2004: No question.

2005: Discuss the main features of the climatic classification system evolved by Koppen. Also point out its anomalies.

2006: Compare the structure and associated weather conditions of tropical cyclone with that of temperate cyclone

2007: Discuss the development of local winds, and their influence on local weather, giving three examples of the well-known local winds in the world.

2008: Discuss the mechanism and origin of Monsoon winds and explain the role of El Nino on Monsoon circulation.

2009: How does Climate Change affect urban areas?

2010: Inversion of temperature

2010: What is polar front and How does cyclone develop along this front? Describe the weather conditions associated with it.

2010: Examine the various kinds of atmospheric humidity and their associated forms.

2011: (a) Give an account of global distribution of precipitation.

2011: (b) ‘’ Contemporary global climate change is an anthropogenic phenomenon.’’ Discuss

2012: Compare and contrast tropical cyclone and temperate cyclone. (12 marks)

2012: Classify airmass and explain how ‘cP ‘airmass affects global climate (400 words)

2012: Impact of Cryosphere on global climate. (250 words)

2013: Differentiate Storm Surges and Seiches. (150 words)

2013: With suitable examples, bring out the impact of local winds on the climate of an area.

2013: Discuss Dew point and the various forms of condensation. (250 words)

2014: Discuss the salient features of ‘sirocco’ and ‘mistral’.

2014: Describe the origin and development of thunderstorms with examples.

2014: Discuss the nature and origin of Indian monsoon and recent techniques of its prediction.

2015: Discuss as to how frontogenesis contributes to weather instability.

Get video solutions for past papers IAS Mains Geography Optional –

Watch video lecture on YouTube: Year 2015 Paper 1 Section B Year 2015 Paper 1 Section B
Loading Video

2015: What is Potential Evapotranspiration? Explain how it is used in assessing the water balance in an area.

2015: Discuss the basis of Koppen’s climatic classification. Bring out the salient characteristics of ‘Cs’ type of climate.

2015: Explain the meridional circulation of the atmosphere and its importance in world climate.

2015: How does climate change affect the process of desertification of India?

2016: Differentiate between insolation and temperature and explain anomalous temperature.

2016: Explain the hydro-meteorological hazards in the Himalayas.

2016: Compare the origin and weather conditions associated with the tropical and temperate cyclones.

2016: Discuss the significance of World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) and its core projects in the understanding of climatic change.

2016: “The relationship between the winds and the currents is best seen in the Indian Ocean.”Justify.

Subscribe to our test series for IAS Geography Mains Optional

Sail through IAS Mains and Prelims: Fully-explained Prelims (Both GS & Aptitude) problems with detailed solutions. Notes & detailed answers for Mains GS, Essay, Complulsory (Hindi and English) papers and optionals.