IAS Geography Optional Analysis Climatology Questions 1991 Onwards

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1991: Explain the origin, distribution and characteristics of tropical cyclones.

1992: Discuss the origin, movements and characteristics of air masses and explain their role in influencing world climates.

1993: No question.

1994: Explain the basis of Koppen’s classification of climates. Also mention its merits and limitations.

1995: Explain and illustrate the life-cycle of a temperate cyclone and also describe the weather associated with it.

1996: Examine critically the drawbacks of Koppen’s Classification of climates. Explain how Thornthwaite attempted to overcome Koppen’s limitations.

1997: Define air masses. How do they originate? Classify them and state the characteristics of any one type.

1998: Discuss the nature and composition of earth’s atmosphere.

1999: Make a comparative study of the tropical and temperate cyclones.

2000: Discuss the distribution of precipitation in the world.

2001: Discuss the concept of air masses and present their classification.

2002: Discuss the criteria which Thornthwaite adopted in his 1948 classification of world climates.

2003: Discuss the mechanism and significance of tricellular meridional circulation of atmosphere.

2004: No question.

2005: Discuss the main features of the climatic classification system evolved by Koppen. Also point out its anomalies.

2006: Compare the structure and associated weather conditions of tropical cyclone with that of temperate cyclone

2007: Discuss the development of local winds, and their influence on local weather, giving three examples of the well-known local winds in the world.

2008: Discuss the mechanism and origin of Monsoon winds and explain the role of El Nino on Monsoon circulation.

2009: How does Climate Change affect urban areas?

2010: Inversion of temperature

2010: What is polar front and How does cyclone develop along this front? Describe the weather conditions associated with it.

2010: Examine the various kinds of atmospheric humidity and their associated forms.

2011: (a) Give an account of global distribution of precipitation.

2011: (b) ‘’ Contemporary global climate change is an anthropogenic phenomenon.’’ Discuss

2012: Compare and contrast tropical cyclone and temperate cyclone. (12 marks)

2012: Classify airmass and explain how ‘cP ‘airmass affects global climate (400 words)

2012: Impact of Cryosphere on global climate. (250 words)

2013: Differentiate Storm Surges and Seiches. (150 words)

2013: With suitable examples, bring out the impact of local winds on the climate of an area.

2013: Discuss Dew point and the various forms of condensation. (250 words)

2014: Discuss the salient features of ‘sirocco’ and ‘mistral’.

2014: Describe the origin and development of thunderstorms with examples.

2014: Discuss the nature and origin of Indian monsoon and recent techniques of its prediction.

2015: Discuss as to how frontogenesis contributes to weather instability.

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2015: What is Potential Evapotranspiration? Explain how it is used in assessing the water balance in an area.

2015: Discuss the basis of Koppen’s climatic classification. Bring out the salient characteristics of ‘Cs’ type of climate.

2015: Explain the meridional circulation of the atmosphere and its importance in world climate.

2015: How does climate change affect the process of desertification of India?

2016: Differentiate between insolation and temperature and explain anomalous temperature.

2016: Explain the hydro-meteorological hazards in the Himalayas.

2016: Compare the origin and weather conditions associated with the tropical and temperate cyclones.

2016: Discuss the significance of World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) and its core projects in the understanding of climatic change.

2016: “The relationship between the winds and the currents is best seen in the Indian Ocean.”Justify.

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