IAS Geography Optional Analysis Physical Setting Questions 1991 Onwards

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1991: Explain the origin and consequences of earthquakes in the Himalayas with special reference to the Uttarkashi earthquake 1991.

1991: Elucidate the character of the Himalayan Rivers and examine their role in the Indian plains.

1992: Explain the characteristics and productivity of the ‘Regular’ back soils of India.

1992: Major issues involved in the Sino-Indian boundary conflict. (Short notes).

1992: Discuss the major characteristics of the Indian monsoon with special emphasis on the causative factors.

1993: “India presents an example of unity in diversity”. Elucidate this statement in the context of India’s physical and human aspects.

1993: Delineate the flood-prone areas of India by drawing a sketch map in the answer book and discuss the causes and consequences of floods in the North Indian plains.

1994: Explain the drainage characteristics of Peninsular India. (Short notes).

1994: Discuss the recent theories put forward to explain the origin and mechanism of the Indian Monsoon.

1995: Explain the factors responsible for uneven distribution of rainfall in India (Short notes).

1995: Draw a sketch-map in your answer-book to delineate the main physiographic regions of India and provide a reasoned account of the relief and structure of the Himalayan region.

1996: Examine the origin and characteristics of the antecedent drainage system of the Himalayas. (Short notes).

1996: Draw a sketch-map in your answer-book to delineate the main climatic regions of India and discuss the important climatic characteristics of each region.

1997: Discuss the origin and main geomorphic feature of Thar Desert of India. (Short notes).

1998: No question.

1999: Explain the rise of the Himalayan ranges. (Short notes).

1999: Elucidate the mechanism of the Indian Monsoon.

2000: Describe the structure and relief feature of peninsular India.

2001: Discuss the relief features of Indian Northern Plains.

2002: Explain the Origin, Mechanism and characteristics of Summer Monsoon in India.

2003: Highlight the salient differences between the Himalayan and the peninsular drainage Systems.

2004: Discuss the role of spatial pattern of rainfall and temperature in the delimitation of climatic regions of India, especially with reference to Stamp’s climatic regionalization.

2005: No question

2006: Give a Critical account of the recent theories of origin of Indian monsoon with special reference of Jet Stream Theory.

2007: Explain the different views put forth about the origin of Himalayas and divide Himalayas into vertical division

2008: Distinguish between the Himalayan and the peninsular drainage systems.

2009: Distinguish between the West and East coast of India in terms of their evolution, present topography and drainage pattern.

2010: Explain Himalayan orogeny and illustrate how the process has affected the geomophic characteristics of macro division of Himalayas.

2011: Present a comparative analysis of the regimes of Himalayan and Peninsular rivers of India and eamine their implications in the irrigation system of the country.

2011: Identify the major biosphere reserves of India and discuss their role in the conservation of forest and wildlife. (30 marks)

2012: Explain the structure characteristics of the Deccan Plateau. (30 marks)

2012: Discuss the role of spatial pattern of rainfall and temperature in the delimitation of climatic regions of India, specially with reference to stamp’s climatic regionalization (30 marks)

2013: Explain the topographical and structural characteristics of the Siwalik Range. (150 words)

2013: Discuss the mechanism of Indian Monsoon. (150 words)

2013: Identify the earthquake-prone zones and suggest strategy for their management. (250 words)

2014: How is drainage pattern determined by the water divide?

2014: Why has agro and social forestry failed to achieve its objectives?

2014: Bring out the distribution of Laterite soils in India and their specific use for agriculture.

2014: Describe the salient climatological characteristics of Rayalaseema region.

2014: Differentiate between the ‘intensity’ and ‘magnitude’ of an earthquake and explain its varying impact in different parts of India.

2015: Explain the pattern of winter rainfall in India

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2015: How does natural vegetation affect the formation of in situ soils

2015: Account for the growing frequency and intensity of floods in India, and suggest short- and long-term remedial measures indicating the chronically flood-prone areas.

2015: Outline the Government of India’s strategies of conservation of the Western Ghats.

2016: Explain the shifting of river courses and river capturing in the Himalayas.

2016: Discuss the role of spatial pattern of rainfall and temperature in the delimitation of climatic regions of India especially with reference to Stamp’s climatic regionalization.

2016: Describe the flood-prone areas and their management problems in the Ganga plains.

2016: Describe the distribution of black soils in India and their specific use for agriculture.

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