IAS Mains Geog Paper: 2 2013 Youtube Lecture Handouts

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Watch video lecture on YouTube: IAS Mains Geography Optional 2013 Solutions: Paper 2 IAS Mains Geography Optional 2013 Solutions: Paper 2
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IAS Geography 2013 Paper Paper2

1(a) Map Location

IAS Mains Geography Questions

1(b) Explain the topographical and structural characteristic of the Shiwalik Range.

On South of Western Himalayas from Yamuna to Ravi River

North – Duns (filled with gravels Antagiri) – Lakes or Tal like Bhimtal and Nainital

South – Steep Scrap

Poor Scrub Forests

Watch video lecture on YouTube: 6 Physiographic Divisions of India - Geography of India 6 Physiographic Divisions of India - Geography of India
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1(c) Discuss the mechanism of Indian Monsoon.

Watch video lecture on YouTube: Indian Monsoon - Factors, Theories, Phenomena & Characteristics Indian Monsoon - Factors, Theories, Phenomena & Characteristics
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1(d) Identify the main industrial clusters of India and account for their development.

  • Hooghly Industrial Belt

  • Mumbai-Pune Industrial Region

  • Ahmedabad-Vadodara Region

  • Madurai-Coimbatore-Bengaluru Region

  • Chhotanagpur Plateau Region

  • Agra-Mathura-Meerut-Saharanpur

  • Faridabad-Gurgaon-Ambala Belts

  • 1(e) Explain the method of delineating crop-association regions with reference to India.

Watch video lecture on YouTube: Crop Combination and Crop Diversification: Fundamentals of Geography Crop Combination and Crop Diversification: Fundamentals of Geography
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2(a) Discuss the potentiality and present status of horticulture in the Western and Central Himalaya.

Economic and Environmental Reasons

Government Subsidies

Market Demand

  • 2(b) Delineate the coalfields of India and mention their distinctive features.

  • West Bengal – Raniganj

  • Jharkhand and Bihar

    • Damodar – Jharia, Bokaro & Karanpura

    • North Koel

    • Deogarh

    • Rajmahal

    • Hazaribagh

  • Chattisgarh and MP

    • Central – Singrauli, Sohagpura, Umaria, Johilla

    • Satpura – Mohpani, Pathakhera, Kanhan, Pench

    • N. Chattisgarh – Tatapani, Jhilimili, Sonhat, Chirimiri, Kurasia, Bisrampur

    • S. Chattisgarh – Hasdo –Rampur< Korba, Mand-Raigarh

  • Maharashtra – Kamptee, Wardha, Umrer, Bokhara

  • Andhra Pradesh

  • Odisha

  • Upper Gondwana – Gujarat (Kutch, Surendranagar and Mehsana)

  • 2(c) Explain the role of multinationals in globalization of industries in India.

  • MNC – Production in more than one nation

  • Cheap labour, close market, government policies

  • World as a village

3(a) Distributional pattern of industries in India does not provide requisite basis for division of the country into distinct industrial regions. Elaborate.

Labour Intensive Industries

Footloose Industries

Q.3(a) Iamge

Q.3(A) Iamge

Q.3(a) Iamge

3(b) Discuss the role of institutional factors in shaping the pattern of Indian agriculture.

  • Abolition of intermediaries

  • Tenancy reforms (i.e., providing security of tenure)

  • Ceiling and redistribution

  • Consolidation

  • Updating of land records

3(c) What do you understand by ‘Young India’? How can the present state of population composition be converted into an asset for the country?

Stark differences

Stark Differences

Stark differences

4(a) Comment on the feasibility of interlinking of rivers of India and its possible contribution to resolution of water crisis.

4(b) Define agricultural productivity. Mention the methods of its measurement and bring out the disparities in its regional distribution.

  • Land, Labour & Capital

  • Yield per acre of crops

  • Livestock per 100 acres

  • Gross production or output per 100 acres

  • Proportion of arable land

  • Number of persons employed

  • Cost of production expressed in terms of wages and labour costs, rent or interest

  • Prices relative profitability and general economic conditions.

4(c) Discuss the problems in realization of benefits of globalization and liberalization in industrial sector of India.

  • Compete or Perish Situation

  • Before liberalization, license raj was against competitive forces -> Loss Making Units

  • Time lag between approval and actual inflow

  • Wiping off the unskilled jobs & on-job trainers

  • Can’t afford that industries can move out from our country

  • 5(a) City-regions as territorial unit for regional planning and development

  • Example NCR – Growing population and migration

  • CBD

5(b) Snags in the food Security policy of India

  • Schemes - Public Distribution System , National Food Security Mission, National Scheme on the Promotion & Strengthening of Agricultural Mechanization through Training, Testing and Demonstration , Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana

  • Hunger

  • Malnutrition

  • Poverty

  • Failure of PDS – Poor quality, illegal ration cards, point incorrect mass

  • Poor management of food storage

5(c) Demographic dividend and its implications on Indian socio-economic environment

  • Demographic dividend: Period of 20-30 years when fertility rates fall due to significant reductions in child and infant mortality rates with increase in average life expectancy

  • South and west India already undergone most of demographic dividend

  • 5(d) Planning and development of ‘Tribal Regions’ in India

  • Tribal Sub plan – 1974

  • Central Sector Scheme of Grain Banks in tribal villages - 1996

  • Integrated Tribal Development Projects (ITDP) - 1998

  • Tribal Research Institutes (TRIs)

  • National Scheduled Tribes Financial Development Corporation – 2001

5(e) Map Location

IAS Mains geography Questions

6(a) Write a note on geopolitics of the Indian Ocean realm.

  • Strategic Importance

  • Oil Line of West

6(b) Comment on the basis of creation of new States in India in 2000.

  • Chhattisgarh: Caste distinctiveness led by upper peasant Brahmins and Kurmis, new state - tribal

  • Uttaranchal: Cultural, social (caste), and economic distinctiveness, hills are heavily Brahmins

  • Jharkhand: new state – tribal, coal and steel with 65% revenue and 35% population

6(c) Enumerate the basic indicators of development and explain their application in identification of the spatial diversity in development in India.

EmploymentPovertyHealthEducationSocial CohesionSafety and SecurityGood Governance

HDI: Life expectancy, education and per capita income

Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI): Basic literacy rate, infant mortality, and life expectancy

7(a) Write a note on emergence of National Settlement System in colonial India & discuss factors contributing to urbanization in post-independence period.

Absence of a single point of power

7(b) Define slums and explain their problems.

  • Compact settlement with poor tenements, mainly temporary, crowded with inadequate sanitary and drinking water facilities in unhygienic conditions.

  • Indoor pollution

  • Crime and Social problems

  • Higher incidence of communicable diseases

  • Poor air and water quality

7(c) Discuss the objectives of ‘Vision 2020’ in creation of viable village complex in India for ‘Inclusive Rural Development’ programme.

  • PURA - Provision of Urban amenities in Rural Areas

  • People’s Participation

  • Inclusive rural development

  • Holistic village cluster development

  • Converting Village Clusters into Territorial Production Complexes

  • Developing forward and backward linkages

8(a) Identify the earthquake-prone zones and suggest strategy for their management.

  • 59% area under moderate to severe earthquake

  • National Disaster Management

  • Earthquake resistant buildings

  • Early warning Systems

  • Prevention, Mitigation and Preparedness

8(b) Describe the impact of linguistic diversity on the development of various regions of India.

  • India – Museum of Languages

  • Constitution approved 22 languages in 1950

  • Belgaum – Marathi vs Kannada

  • Assam – Bengali vs Assamese

  • Leads to rise in regionalism, demand for separate states, formation of regional political parties, border disputes

8(c) Describe how urbanization creates air and water pollution in India.

  • Haphazard development and problems related to sprawl

  • Development of slums

Sail through IAS Mains and Prelims: Fully-explained Prelims (Both GS & Aptitude) problems with detailed solutions. Notes & detailed answers for Mains GS, Essay, and Complulsory (Hindi and English) papers and optionals.